The Best Bitcoin Gold Mining Pools: The Ultimate BTG Pool

Decentr ($DEC) - foundational cross-chain and cross-platform DeFi protocol

  1. SUMMARY
Decentr is a protocol designed to make blockchain/DLT mainstream by allowing DeFi applications built on various blockchains to “talk to each other”. Decentr is a 100% secure and decentralised Web 3.0 protocol where users can apply PDV (personal data value) to increase APR on $DEC that users loan out as part of of our DeFi dLoan features, as well as it being applied at PoS when paying for stuff online. Decentr is also building a BAT competitor browser and Chrome/Firefox extension that acts as a gateway to 100% decentralised Web 3.0
Allows DeFi Dapps to access all Decentr’s dFintech features, including dLoan, dPay. Key innovation is that the protocols is based on a user’s ability to leverage the value of their data as exchangeable “currency”.
  1. KEY CONCEPTS

  1. REVENUE MODEL
A fee is charged for every transaction using dPay whereby an exchange takes place between money (fiat and digital) and data, and vice versa, either as part of DeFi features or via a dApp built on Decentr. They are launching pilot programmes in the following industries:
  1. Banking/PSP Industry: On Product launch, due to Decentr’s powerful PSP connections (including the worlds #2 PSP by volume), a medium-scale pilot program will be launched, which will seed the network with 150,000 PSP customers in primarily the Spanish/LAC markets, generating revenue from day one.
  2. “Bricks and Mortar” Supermarket/Grocery Industry: Decentr aims to ensure the long-term competitiveness of “bricks and mortar” supermarkets against online-only grocery retailers, such as Amazon, by a) building secure tech that allows supermarkets to digitise every aspect of their supply chains and operational functions, while b) allowing supermarkets to leverage this incredibly valuable data as a liquid asset class. Expected revenue by Year 5: $114Mn per year.
  3. Online Advertising Industry: Decentr’s 100% decentralised platform credits users secure data with payable value, in the form of PDV, for engaging with ads. The Brave browser was launched in 2012 and in 8 years has reached over 12 million monthly active users, accented by as many as 4.3 million daily active users.
  4. TOKEN $DEC AND SALE
Decentr recently complete their token sale on a purchase portal powered by Dolomite where they raised $974,000 in 10 minutes for a total sale hardcap of 1.25M. The $DEC token is actively trading on multiple exchanges including Uniswap and IDEX. Listed for free on IDEX, Hotbit, Hoo, Coinw, Tidex, BKex. Listed on CoinGecko and Coinmarketcap. Listed on Delta and Blockfolio apps.
➡️ Circulating supply: 61m $DEC.
➡️ Release schedule and token distribution LINK -> NO RELEASE UNTIL 2021.
➡️Contract Address - 0x30f271C9E86D2B7d00a6376Cd96A1cFBD5F0b9b3
➡️Decimals - 18, Ticker - DEC
➡️Uniswap link: https://uniswap.info/pai0x3AEEE5bA053eF8406420DbC5801fC95eC57b0E0A
⭐️ HOW TO BUY VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iloAiv2oCRc&feature=youtu.be
$DEC Token utility:
A tradeable unit of value that is both internal and external to the Decentr platform.A unit of conversion between fiat entering and exiting the Decentr ecosystem.A way to capture the value of user data and combines the activity of every participant of the platform performing payment (dPay), or lending and borrowing (dLend), i.e a way to peg PDV to tangible/actionable value.Method of payment in the Decentr ecosystem.A method to internally underwrite the “Deconomy.
  1. NOTABLE SUPPORTERS
Simon Dedic - chief of Blockfyre: https://twitter.com/scoinaldo/status/1283787644221218817?s=20https://twitter.com/scoinaldo/status/1283719917657894912?s=21
Spectre Group Pick : https://twitter.com/SPECTREGRP/status/1284761576873041920https://twitter.com/llluckyl/status/1283765481716015111?s=21
Patrons of the Moon/Lil Uzi: https://t.me/patronsofthemoon/6764
CryptoGems: https://twitter.com/cryptogems_com/status/1283719318379925506?s=09t
tehMoonwalker pick who is a TOP 5 influencer per Binance:https://twitter.com/tehMoonwalkestatus/1284123961996050432?s=20https://twitter.com/binance/status/1279049822113198080
Holochain was one of their earliest supporters and they share a deep connection (recently an AMA was conducted in their TG group): https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/decentr-holochain-ama-29d662caed03
  1. UPCOMING NEWS
--------------------------------------------
  1. RESOURCES:
Website: https://decentr.net
Telegram: https://t.me/DecentrNet
Medium: https://medium.com/@DecentrNet
Twitter: https://twitter.com/DecentrNet
Whitepaper: https://decentr.net/files/Decentr_Whitepaper_V1.4.pdf
Technical Whitepaper: https://decentr.net/files/Decentr_Technical_Whitepaper_Data_As_Economic_Currency.pdf
Recent Articles:
⚡️- https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/decentr-token-sale-metrics-and-distribution-483bb3c58d05
⚡️- https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/how-decentrs-defi-dloan-function-benefits-dec-holders-97ff64a0c105
⚡️- https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/3-vertical-revenue-streams-decentr-is-targeting-4fa1f3dd62de
⚡️- https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/brave-browser-the-good-the-bad-and-the-fundamentally-misguided-8a8593b0ff5b
⚡️- https://medium.com/@DecentrNet/how-decentrs-dfintech-replaces-swift-sct-inst-clearing-house-and-other-payment-solutions-78acacbb4c3f
Chad Gang STRONG Community: https://t.me/decentrtrading
Community News Channel: https://t.me/chadnews
Recent Uniswap trades: https://t.me/dectrades
Wallet holder tracker: https://t.me/DEC_WALLETS_COUNT
submitted by ldd999 to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

The future of dApp development. The end of blockchain tribalism

The future of dApp development. The end of blockchain tribalism
If you are a dApp developer this is a must read!
As all the blockchains have their advantages and disadvantages there is no blockchain which will rule them all. Each blockchain will get congested as soon there are too much “mass adoption” dApps on it, which actually getting used. One blockchain is more decentralized, another more performant.
The solution are decentralized services which are validated and 100% ONchain. A platform layer where dApps can choose what they need, without important trade-offs for their applications. And everybody who want to offer a service, can offer them as a Service Provider. The DAPP services are the new (Amazon) Web Services but decentralized, affordable and for blockchains. Today the DAPP Network counts already 35 DSP’s (DAPP Service Providers) offering 120 services (packages) and counting…
The internet of Blockchains - enabled by the universal middleware of the DAPP Network
The DAPP Network is the first solution which offers this kind of decentralized services. And with the Chintai.io DAPP Resource Exchange where developers can rent DAPP tokens for an affordable price for 30 days, they can pay monthly with a ‘pay-as-you-go” model for their resources and scale their dApps step by step. And it doesn’t make a difference if it’s a new developed dApp or if somebody want to use services for an already existing dApp. If the dApp already exists on a specific blockchain, it can stay on that blockchain and nonetheless use services or scale without tradeoffs. No need any more to change to another blockchain thanks to LiquidLink.
What do you think will happen to the crypto space when companies and big enterprises start to realize that they are independent of any specific blockchain and that they can scale/tokenize their dApps 100% ONchain to an affordable price to mass adoption without any tradeoffs?
Get/Buy DAPP tokens on Bancor.network or Newdex.io before big exchanges start to list DAPP. Today DAPP is worth 0.015$ per token. The concept is in my opinion a breakthrough! Just think about Chainlink is today around 5$ per token. And Chainlink is offering only one service (oracles) which DAPPNetwork offers.
With Zeus SDK LiquidApps.io offers an open source plug and play development platform/middleware. Github: https://github.com/liquidapps-io

Showcase LiquidOracles, LiquidAccounts, LiquidScheduler, or vRAM in your dApps and you could win a grant of up to 300,000 DAPP tokens! https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog/announcing-the-dapp-network-grants-program-7b104e1ce1d6
Use LiquidLink, along with the rest of the DAPP Network’s multi-chain service suite, to participate in the Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and you could win up to 1,000,000 DAPP tokens! https://app.voice.com/post/@zack/the-dapp-networks-reddit-scaling-bounty-1594068605-1 Team DAPP Solutions is actively engaged in the Great Reddit Scaling Bakeoff, if you have an interest in joining this initiative, reach out to http://dappsolutions.app to collaborate
If you have questions get in contact with LiquidApps team! They and Beni Hakak personally will support and help you that your dApp will stay affordable for you and have the best chance to get successful!


Working services today, offered by multiple DSP’s to choose from, 100% all ONchain, are:
LiquidLink: LiquidLink allows you to connect your dApp to assets, actions, and applications on any blockchain you want (Bitcoin, Ethereum, EOSIO chains like EOS, WAX, Worbli, Ultra, Telos, BOS, …). Working and integrated product today
LiquidX: LiquidX enables dApps to run on the blockchain of their choice and still enjoy all of the benefits of using DAPP Network services Working and integrated product today
More chains (Neo, Tron, Hyperledger, Hedera, Tezos, Cosmos, Cardano, Polkadot, Solana, ...) can/could be added as soon a dApp want to connect to them
Proofen link to Ethereum and EOSIO chains. Already integrated in CoVax and Project Phoenix.
LiquidChains: Blockchain as a Service with unprecedented customizability. Your Chain, Your Choice! LiquidChains are fast, easy, fully customizable blockchains for your project, running on the popular proof of work or proof of stake consensus mechanisms. Each LiquidChain comes out of the box with the full suite of DAPP Network services ready for use. Working and integrated product today
https://preview.redd.it/bmw3ior4y7951.png?width=649&format=png&auto=webp&s=6fee388254119a0d62b0bfd870b107b8c40c6bde
Sharding: With LiquidChains developers can now spin up feature-rich, custom shards in minutes and seamlessly connect it to a public network (if they want to.) If you’re an Ethereum developer that needs to scale right now, get in touch with the LiquidApps team about harnessing LiquidChains to create a custom shard for your dApp! Working product today
Liquid vCPU: Boundless Computational Power. With vCPU, your application can offload intense computing work to the distributed DAPP Network. Working product today
https://preview.redd.it/4e7cbwy6y7951.png?width=645&format=png&auto=webp&s=cf56a072dc8555840db7046675657a2876db6cdd
LiquidOracles: Choose from different DSP’s low latency oracle services. LiquidOracles stands out by keeping SLAs and data verification on chain, protecting you from the risks of malicious or accidental failure. Protect your data streams from being modified by malicious parties. Decentralized and trustless, without needing a separate blockchain. LiquidOracles are a more generalized and flexible solution than other oracle solutions like Chainlink. They also do not have any limitations with gas fees or block times. For example, EOS Options (on Kylin) is currently calling multiple price feeds every 15 seconds using LiquidOracles and have also tweeted recently about their plans to update their oracle feeds every 1 second. Things like that just aren’t possible on Ethereum at this time. Working and already integrated product today in eosoptions.com, Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
DSP's (DAPP Service Providers) could integrate Chainlink as part of their data feeds, and Chainlink could utilize the DAPP Network to gain some additional advantages. Link and DAPP are better together
LiquidScheduler: Set timed events. Free up resources when users become inactive. Schedule regular checks of data sources. Take advantage of options to make your application more resistant to unreliable providers and infrastructure failures. It’s a Cron-Like Task Scheduler Example: regularly update from oracle feed (Example all 15 seconds) Working and already integrated product today in eosoptions.com, Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
LiquidBrinX: Frictionless Cross-Chain Data Transfer. Now anyone can deploy a cross-blockchain token bridge to allow for asset transfers in between chains! LiquidBrinX blends together vRAM, LiquidOracles and LiquidScheduler to yield a smooth and secure interoperability solution for dApps. Proofen and working product today
LiquidAccounts: LiquidAccounts allows dApps to provide users with free accounts, created easily, by inputting simple, familiar details such as only a username and password. Eliminate onboarding difficulties with a solution that remains secure and trustless, all while being able to easily transition accounts to mainnet accounts when requested. Working and already integrated product today in dappacount.com and Project Phoenix
LiquidStorage: IPFS decentralized storage. Decentralized Storage for Files, Websites, and More. Proofen and working product today. Already integrated with Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
Liquid vRam: Alternative & Compatible Memory Solution. vRAM is an alternative memory solution for developers building blockchain dApps that is RAM-compatible, decentralized, and enables storing & retrieving of potentially unlimited amounts of data affordably and efficiently Working and already integrated product today with Moonlighting (700’000 users), Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
LiquidArchive: History API Provisioning Proofen and working product today
LiquidCrypto: LiquidCrypto service offer a whole suite of cryptographic algorithms from ECC, RSA signatures & encryptions to ZK-Snarks, Blind signatures Proofen and working product today. Already integrated in Project Phoenix
LiquidHarmony: Web/IBC/vCP/SQL Services Proofen and working product today
Liquid KMS: Key Management Service Proofen and working product today
LiquidSQL: decentralized databases. Proofen and working product today
LiquidBilling: Transaction signing service Proofen and working product today
LiquidDNS: DAPP Service Provider hosted DNS Service Proofen and working product today
LiquidLens: Read function service Proofen and working product today
LiquidRandomness: Easy, Secure Random Number Generation. Blockchains, by nature, exclude the possibility of easily obtaining truly random numbers for use in applications. As a result, numerous dApps have been gamed. Easily implement randomness without resorting to vulnerable, complex, or expensive methods Proofen and working product today
https://preview.redd.it/wvh77p7ry7951.png?width=650&format=png&auto=webp&s=6c9c5bfdbb1216e7c4585d870b9663fa60aa9858
LiquidEscrow: Today’s most successful centralized applications are popular because they are simple, trustworthy, and predictable. What if we could leverage Discord, the world’s largest internet gaming community, to bring millions of gamers a brand new experience on a platform that they already know and love? Team Onessus have harnessed the power of the DAPP network to offer these gamers something amazing: A Global Economic Esports Community, utilizing a new DAPP Network Service, which we call LiquidEscrow. Proofen and working product today
Project Phoenix (a Patreon-like dApp) is a showcase for mostly all the DAPP services and how you can use them. The code will soon be opensource on github. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-VYlv73mqI

https://preview.redd.it/mpgnuppty7951.png?width=653&format=png&auto=webp&s=0e8c7de3d047a3e85b69545169a875146bcae609
#DAPPNetwork can be fast like EOSIO, it can be with sharding like Cosmos, it can be decentralized like Ethereum, it can be with IBC like BOS, it can be true multi-chain like polkadot, it can be encrypted like privacy coins (Soon maybe as well with Monero tech if PEOS project succeed and if DSP offer this services), it can be stored ONchain like Filecoin, it can use oracles like chainlink (but with low latency) – It offers TODAY what 7 blockchains or more combined would offer!


And now tell me again, whats your excuse that you are not using DAPPNetwork’s service’s and/or developing with Zeus SDK from LiquidApps.io?


Showcase LiquidOracles, LiquidAccounts, LiquidScheduler, or vRAM in your dApps and you could win a grant of up to 300,000 DAPP tokens! https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog/announcing-the-dapp-network-grants-program-7b104e1ce1d6
Use LiquidLink, along with the rest of the DAPP Network’s multi-chain service suite, to participate in the Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and you could win up to 1,000,000 DAPP tokens! https://app.voice.com/post/@zack/the-dapp-networks-reddit-scaling-bounty-1594068605-1


Become a DSP: https://liquidapps.io/becoming-a-DSP
More information about all the services: https://liquidapps.io/news
DAPP talk videos with the liquidapps team: https://liquidapps.io/videos
Articles on medium: https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog
LiquidApps documentation: https://docs.liquidapps.io/en/v2.0/
SDK Zeus: https://liquidapps.io/zeus
Webinars & Walkthroughs: https://liquidapps.io/walkthroughs
Zeus documentation: https://docs.liquidapps.io/en/stable/developers/zeus-getting-started.html
Telegram Developers DAPPNetwork: https://t.me/dappnetworkdevs

DAPP Solutions offer DAPP Academy and help amazing projects get to market. Freemium Resource Model: https://dappsolutions.app/
Blockstart provide training, mentorship and connect blockchain enthusiasts to the tools and funding opportunities to make their ideas come true: https://blockstart.one/

LiquidApps invites bounty hunters, EOSIO and blockchain experts and hackers to search the DAPP Network’s codebase for vulnerabilities, flaws, and imperfections for a chance to earn a portion of up to 10,000,000 DAPP tokens available for this bounty (up to 1% of the total token supply)


Projegts using DAPPNetwork today:
DAPP Solutions are scaling Reddit with DAPPNetwork scaling services and LiquidLink
dappaccount.com uses liquidaccounts
The first custom integration from DAPPAccount is with Orcanic Community Market, who are using it to create blockchain accounts for every user on the platform to tokenize their membership and rewards program.
Moonlighting (700'000 users) uses vRAM and reduce onboarding costs from $2000 to $10 a day!
CoVax uses LiquidChains and LiquidLink/LiquidX
eosoptions.com uses LiquidOracles and LiquidScheduler which updates on average every 15 seconds!
Phoenix uses mostly all LiquidServices
Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin integrated liquidOracles, liquidScheduler, liquidStorage and liquidvRam
Maybe upcoming projects (rumors, interviews, tweets, hackathon's, maybe's) using/integrating DAPPNetwork are:
Blockstart and DAPP Solutions partnered to solve real world business problems and bring blockchain to the masses with digital Signatures Blokument using DAPPAccount
deWeb.io plans to integrate vRam and LiquidAccounts to scale, maybe using LiquidX and LiquidLink to connect to other chains and maybe using LiquidOracles and LiquidStorage for many potential deWeb online services, built by 3rd party developers or in-house (Telegram)
Bancor maybe integrates liquidOracles once they create a new pool on EOS they said on Telegram
Team Aikon is hard at work utilizing LiquidAccounts to make seamless sign-in a reality
Onessus plans to integrate LiquidChains and LiquidRandomness (Telegram) in HodlGod (Battle royale title, just like Fortnite - today running on WAX blockchain)
Hackathon project The Global Economic ESports Community & LiquidEscrow invented LiquidEscrow service
Hackathon project EOS Resource Lending on Centralized Exchange (CEX) using liquidAccounts, liquidOracles and liquidvRam
Hackathon project Liquid Galaxy Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game using liquidOracles, liquidScheduler, liquidvCPU, liquidLink
Hackathon project Rekt.Land blockchain-based board game using liquidAccounts, liquidStorage and liquidLink
Everipedia‘s maybe integrates liquidOracles for its IQ digital asset
Effect.ai project maybe become a service provider or could use DAPPAccounts in future
Vigor Project maybe integrates liquidOracles
And for sure there are many projects and ideas on development with LiquidApps team, Dapp Solutions team, Blockstarts team and others we don't know anything about yet...

Read some more interesting articles
- Who will achieve DeFi’s Holy Grail with Real-Time Gross Settlement, High Throughput and Long-Term Storage On The DAPP Network
- How could the DAPP Network evolve the Multi-Billion Cloud Computing Industry
- How DAPPNetwork will create distributed hubs of functionality, liquidity, and data across multiple decentralized networks - DAPP Network Is the perfect glue between chains
submitted by CryptoDae to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

The future of dApp development. The end of blockchain tribalism

The future of dApp development. The end of blockchain tribalism
If you are a dApp developer this is a must read!
As all the blockchains have their advantages and disadvantages there is no blockchain which will rule them all. Each blockchain will get congested as soon there are too much “mass adoption” dApps on it, which actually getting used. One blockchain is more decentralized, another more performant.
The solution are decentralized services which are validated and 100% ONchain. A platform layer where dApps can choose what they need, without important trade-offs for their applications. And everybody who want to offer a service, can offer them as a Service Provider. The DAPP services are the new (Amazon) Web Services but decentralized, affordable and for blockchains. Today the DAPP Network counts already 35 DSP’s (DAPP Service Providers) offering 120 services (packages) and counting…
The Internet of Blockchains - Enabled by the Universal Middleware of the DAPP Network
The DAPP Network is the first solution which offers this kind of decentralized services. And with the Chintai.io DAPP Resource Exchange where developers can rent DAPP tokens for an affordable price for 30 days, they can pay monthly with a ‘pay-as-you-go” model for their resources and scale their dApps step by step. And it doesn’t make a difference if it’s a new developed dApp or if somebody want to use services for an already existing dApp. If the dApp already exists on a specific blockchain, it can stay on that blockchain and nonetheless use services or scale without tradeoffs. No need any more to change to another blockchain thanks to LiquidLink.
What do you think will happen to the crypto space when companies and big enterprises start to realize that they are independent of any specific blockchain and that they can scale/tokenize their dApps 100% ONchain to an affordable price to mass adoption without any tradeoffs?
Get/Buy DAPP tokens on Bancor.network or Newdex.io before big exchanges start to list DAPP. Today DAPP is worth 0.015$ per token. The concept is in my opinion a breakthrough! Just think about Chainlink is today around 5$ per token. And Chainlink is offering only one service (oracles) which DAPPNetwork offers.
With Zeus SDK LiquidApps.io offers an open source plug and play development platform/middleware. Github: https://github.com/liquidapps-io

Showcase LiquidOracles, LiquidAccounts, LiquidScheduler, or vRAM in your dApps and you could win a grant of up to 300,000 DAPP tokens! https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog/announcing-the-dapp-network-grants-program-7b104e1ce1d6
Use LiquidLink, along with the rest of the DAPP Network’s multi-chain service suite, to participate in the Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and you could win up to 1,000,000 DAPP tokens! https://app.voice.com/post/@zack/the-dapp-networks-reddit-scaling-bounty-1594068605-1 Team DAPP Solutions is actively engaged in the Great Reddit Scaling Bakeoff, if you have an interest in joining this initiative, reach out to http://dappsolutions.app to collaborate
If you have questions get in contact with LiquidApps team! They and Beni Hakak personally will support and help you that your dApp will stay affordable for you and have the best chance to get successful!


Working services today, offered by multiple DSP’s to choose from, 100% all ONchain, are:
LiquidLink: LiquidLink allows you to connect your dApp to assets, actions, and applications on any blockchain you want (Bitcoin, Ethereum, EOSIO chains like EOS, WAX, Worbli, Ultra, Telos, BOS, …). Working and integrated product today
LiquidX: LiquidX enables dApps to run on the blockchain of their choice and still enjoy all of the benefits of using DAPP Network services Working and integrated product today
More chains (Neo, Tron, Hyperledger, Hedera, Tezos, Cosmos, Cardano, Polkadot, Solana) can/could be added in the future.
Proofen link to Ethereum and EOSIO chains. Already integrated in CoVax and Project Phoenix.
LiquidChains: Blockchain as a Service with unprecedented customizability. Your Chain, Your Choice! LiquidChains are fast, easy, fully customizable blockchains for your project, running on the popular proof of work or proof of stake consensus mechanisms. Each LiquidChain comes out of the box with the full suite of DAPP Network services ready for use. Working and integrated product today
https://preview.redd.it/z5vsvlzah0951.png?width=1676&format=png&auto=webp&s=90a2b57c8e2d327366d5aca138b495033812a298
Sharding: With LiquidChains developers can now spin up feature-rich, custom shards in minutes and seamlessly connect it to a public network (if they want to.) If you’re an Ethereum developer that needs to scale right now, get in touch with the LiquidApps team about harnessing LiquidChains to create a custom shard for your dApp! Working product today
Liquid vCPU: Boundless Computational Power. With vCPU, your application can offload intense computing work to the distributed DAPP Network. Working product today
https://preview.redd.it/oamcqz1pcy851.png?width=1291&format=png&auto=webp&s=90742ce7bc7922dbc3619291052d1c2d25cb4d9d
LiquidOracles: Choose from different DSP’s low latency oracle services. LiquidOracles stands out by keeping SLAs and data verification on chain, protecting you from the risks of malicious or accidental failure. Protect your data streams from being modified by malicious parties. Decentralized and trustless, without needing a separate blockchain. LiquidOracles are a more generalized and flexible solution than other oracle solutions like Chainlink. They also do not have any limitations with gas fees or block times. For example, EOS Options (on Kylin) is currently calling multiple price feeds every 15 seconds using LiquidOracles and have also tweeted recently about their plans to update their oracle feeds every 1 second. Things like that just aren’t possible on Ethereum at this time. Working and already integrated product today in eosoptions.com, Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
DSPs (dApp Service Providers) could integrate Chainlinks as part of their data feeds, and Chainlink could utilize the DAPP Network to gain some additional advantages. Chainlink and DAPPNetwork are better together
LiquidScheduler: Set timed events. Free up resources when users become inactive. Schedule regular checks of data sources. Take advantage of options to make your application more resistant to unreliable providers and infrastructure failures. It’s a Cron-Like Task Scheduler Example: regularly update from oracle feed (Example all 15 seconds) Working and already integrated product today in eosoptions.com, Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
LiquidBrinX: Frictionless Cross-Chain Data Transfer. Now anyone can deploy a cross-blockchain token bridge to allow for asset transfers in between chains! LiquidBrinX blends together vRAM, LiquidOracles and LiquidScheduler to yield a smooth and secure interoperability solution for dApps. Proofen and working product today
LiquidAccounts: LiquidAccounts allows dApps to provide users with free accounts, created easily, by inputting simple, familiar details such as only a username and password. Eliminate onboarding difficulties with a solution that remains secure and trustless, all while being able to easily transition accounts to mainnet accounts when requested. Working and already integrated product today in dappacount.com and Project Phoenix
LiquidStorage: IPFS decentralized storage. Decentralized Storage for Files, Websites, and More. Proofen and working product today. Already integrated with Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
Liquid vRam: Alternative & Compatible Memory Solution. vRAM is an alternative memory solution for developers building blockchain dApps that is RAM-compatible, decentralized, and enables storing & retrieving of potentially unlimited amounts of data affordably and efficiently Working and already integrated product today with Moonlighting (700’000 users), Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin and Project Phoenix
LiquidArchive: History API Provisioning Proofen and working product today
LiquidCrypto: LiquidCrypto service offer a whole suite of cryptographic algorithms from ECC, RSA signatures & encryptions to ZK-Snarks, Blind signatures Proofen and working product today. Already integrated in Project Phoenix
LiquidHarmony: Web/IBC/vCP/SQL Services Proofen and working product today
Liquid KMS: Key Management Service Proofen and working product today
LiquidSQL: decentralized databases. Proofen and working product today
LiquidBilling: Transaction signing service Proofen and working product today
LiquidDNS: DAPP Service Provider hosted DNS Service Proofen and working product today
LiquidLens: Read function service Proofen and working product today
LiquidRandomness: Easy, Secure Random Number Generation. Blockchains, by nature, exclude the possibility of easily obtaining truly random numbers for use in applications. As a result, numerous dApps have been gamed. Easily implement randomness without resorting to vulnerable, complex, or expensive methods Proofen and working product today
https://preview.redd.it/6j0qdtovcy851.png?width=1416&format=png&auto=webp&s=ba1b715a6c4787b4976257d41157455f7fae56d4
LiquidEscrow: Today’s most successful centralized applications are popular because they are simple, trustworthy, and predictable. What if we could leverage Discord, the world’s largest internet gaming community, to bring millions of gamers a brand new experience on a platform that they already know and love? Team Onessus have harnessed the power of the DAPP network to offer these gamers something amazing: A Global Economic Esports Community, utilizing a new DAPP Network Service, which we call LiquidEscrow. Proofen and working product today
Project Phoenix (a Patreon-like dApp) is a showcase for mostly all the DAPP services and how you can use them. The code will soon be opensource on github. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-VYlv73mqI

https://preview.redd.it/pwt8zo01t0951.png?width=1267&format=png&auto=webp&s=94758021afded24859e3ff0310bd078a9e63f02b
#DAPPNetwork can be fast like EOSIO, it can be with sharding like Cosmos, it can be decentralized like Ethereum, it can be with IBC like BOS, it can be true multi-chain like polkadot, it can be encrypted like privacy coins (Soon maybe as well with Monero tech if PEOS project succeed and if DSP offer this services), it can be stored ONchain like Filecoin, it can use oracles like chainlink (but with low latency) – It offers TODAY what 7 blockchains or more combined would offer!


And now tell me again, whats your excuse that you are not using DAPPNetwork’s service’s and/or developing with Zeus SDK from LiquidApps.io?


Showcase LiquidOracles, LiquidAccounts, LiquidScheduler, or vRAM in your dApps and you could win a grant of up to 300,000 DAPP tokens! https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog/announcing-the-dapp-network-grants-program-7b104e1ce1d6
Use LiquidLink, along with the rest of the DAPP Network’s multi-chain service suite, to participate in the Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and you could win up to 1,000,000 DAPP tokens! https://app.voice.com/post/@zack/the-dapp-networks-reddit-scaling-bounty-1594068605-1

Become a DSP: https://liquidapps.io/becoming-a-DSP
More information about all the services: https://liquidapps.io/news
DAPP talk videos with the liquidapps team: https://liquidapps.io/videos
Articles on medium: https://medium.com/the-liquidapps-blog
LiquidApps documentation: https://docs.liquidapps.io/en/v2.0/
SDK Zeus: https://liquidapps.io/zeus
Webinars & Walkthroughs: https://liquidapps.io/walkthroughs
Zeus documentation: https://docs.liquidapps.io/en/stable/developers/zeus-getting-started.html
Telegram Developers DAPPNetwork: https://t.me/dappnetworkdevs

DAPP Solutions offer DAPP Academy and help amazing projects get to market. Freemium Resource Model: https://dappsolutions.app/
Blockstart provide training, mentorship and connect blockchain enthusiasts to the tools and funding opportunities to make their ideas come true: https://blockstart.one/

LiquidApps invites bounty hunters, EOSIO and blockchain experts and hackers to search the DAPP Network’s codebase for vulnerabilities, flaws, and imperfections for a chance to earn a portion of up to 10,000,000 DAPP tokens available for this bounty (up to 1% of the total token supply)


Projegts using DAPPNetwork today:
DAPP Solutions are scaling Reddit with DAPPNetwork scaling services and LiquidLink
dappaccount.com uses liquidaccounts
The first custom integration from DAPPAccount is with Organic Community Market, who are using it to create blockchain accounts for every user on the platform to tokenize their membership and rewards program
Moonlighting (700'000 users) uses vRAM and reduce onboarding costs from $2000 to $10 a day!
CoVax uses LiquidChains and LiquidLink/LiquidX
eosoptions.com uses LiquidOracles and LiquidScheduler which updates on average every 15 seconds!
Phoenix uses mostly all LiquidServices
Equilibrium EOSDT stablecoin integrated liquidOracles, liquidScheduler, liquidStorage and liquidvRam
Maybe upcoming projects (rumors, interviews, tweets, hackathon's, maybe's) using/integrating DAPPNetwork are:
Blockstart and DAPP Solutions partnered to solve real world business problems and bring blockchain to the masses with digital Signatures Blokument using DAPPAccount
deWeb.io plans to integrate vRam and LiquidAccounts to scale, maybe using LiquidX and LiquidLink to connect to other chains and maybe using LiquidOracles and LiquidStorage for many potential deWeb online services, built by 3rd party developers or in-house (Telegram)
Bancor maybe integrates liquidOracles once they create a new pool on EOS they said on Telegram
Team Aikon is hard at work utilizing LiquidAccounts to make seamless sign-in a reality
Onessus plans to integrate LiquidChains and LiquidRandomness (Telegram) in HodlGod (Battle royale title, just like Fortnite - today running on WAX blockchain)
Hackathon project The Global Economic ESports Community & LiquidEscrow invented LiquidEscrow service
Hackathon project EOS Resource Lending on Centralized Exchange (CEX) using liquidAccounts, liquidOracles and liquidvRam
Hackathon project Liquid Galaxy Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game using liquidOracles, liquidScheduler, liquidvCPU, liquidLink
Hackathon project Rekt.Land blockchain-based board game using liquidAccounts, liquidStorage and liquidLink
Everipedia‘s maybe integrates liquidOracles for its IQ digital asset
Effect.ai project maybe become a service provider or could use DAPPAccounts in future
Vigor Project maybe integrates liquidOracles
And for sure there are many projects and ideas on development with LiquidApps team, Dapp Solutions team, Blockstarts team and others we don't know anything about yet...

Read some more interesting articles
- Who will achieve DeFi’s Holy Grail with Real-Time Gross Settlement, High Throughput and Long-Term Storage On The DAPP Network
- How could the DAPP Network evolve the Multi-Billion Cloud Computing Industry
- How DAPPNetwork will create distributed hubs of functionality, liquidity, and data across multiple decentralized networks - DAPP Network Is the perfect glue between chains
submitted by CryptoDae to eos [link] [comments]

Algorand [ALGO] vs Cardano [ADA] - Difference, Partnerships & Ecosystem - Which is Better?

Algorand [ALGO] vs Cardano [ADA] - Difference, Partnerships & Ecosystem - Which is Better?

https://preview.redd.it/pdt01cdmj9551.png?width=1240&format=png&auto=webp&s=50e6d140a68eb2f3a3380175c2869c415b5014da

Introduction

The ‘Trilemma’ of Blockchain space - Scalability, Security, and Decentralization - are the three things every blockchain is trying to solve simultaneously. But it’s easier said than done, as proven by the scalability issue faced by Ethereum. Higher scalability transcends to higher market adoption.
This is where Cardano and Algorand have come into the picture. They have their similarities and differences that seem to work for them for now. Rather than telling you which one has more potential, it’s better to present the entire case and let you decide how they fare against each other.

Star Player of the Team

Anyone would agree that having a renowned and accomplished team player always gives a boost to the project.

Cardano’s Charles Hoskinson

If the name seems familiar, that’s because he is also the co-founder of Ethereum. A tech entrepreneur and mathematician with an interest in analytic number theory, Charles Hoskinson moved into blockchain space in 2013. He co-developed the Ethereum blockchain with Vitalik Buterin before leaving the project in June 2014.
Hoskinson joined crypto and blockchain research firm IOHK to develop Cardano and since then has sponsored various blockchain research labs at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and the University of Edinburgh. He also founded Invictus Innovations.
Hoskinson was the founding chairman of the education committee of the Bitcoin Foundation and established the Cryptocurrency Research Group in 2013. His current focus lies in educating people on the use of crypto and decentralization.

Algorand’s Silvio Micali

Unlike the innovators of other blockchain projects, Silvio Micali is already a famous name in cryptography long before he started developing Algorand. Deemed as one of the top cryptographers, he is a recipient of the prestigious Turing Award in 2012 and RSA prize for cryptography, Gödel Prize (theoretical computer science) in 1993, and ACM fellowship in 2017.
Micali’s work spans around public-key cryptosystems, pseudorandom functions, digital signatures, oblivious transfer, and secure multi-party computation among others. In 1989, he co-invented Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Shafi Goldwasser and Charles Rackoff. He also developed Peppercoin, a cryptographic system for processing micropayments.
A professor at MIT’s electrical engineering and computer science department since 1983, Silvio Micali is also working as a computer scientist at MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. His doctoral students include Shai Halevi, Mihir Bellare, Rafail Ostrovsky, Bonnie Berger, Rafael Pass, Chris Peikert, and Phillip Rogaway - each renowned in their respective fields.

Project Partners and Collaborators

For any business, partnerships and collaborations are the most important aspect since they drive growth and innovation.

Cardano Partnerships

Cardano has formed 17 partnerships so far that either enhance its capabilities or grow its business.
  • Metaps Plus: To integrate the ADA coins into the MeTaps Plus, South Korea’s one of the largest mobile payment platforms.
  • IBM Research: For a software distribution project commissioned by the European Union.
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PwC): To develop a new commercial strategy, probably to bring enterprise users to Cardano.
  • New Balance: All customers can authenticate the footwear purchases on the Cardano blockchain.
  • SIRIN LABS: To integrate the Cardano blockchain in their blockchain smartphone FINNEY and its SIRIN OS.
  • Konfidio: To drive the adoption of the blockchain business model platform among corporations and governments.
  • Algoz: To offer liquidity solutions and trading solutions for its native ADA token.
  • Priviledge: To study and publish decentralized software updates Priviledge is a consortium of renowned companies and scientific universities with the European Union.
  • South Korea Government-Approved Trade Associations:Signed two MoUs with Korea Mobile Game Association (KMGA) and Korea Blockchain Contents Association (KBCCA) to implement Cardano for Korean mobile gaming and digital content.
  • Ethiopian Government: To develop a new digital payment system and combine it with identity cards using its Atala blockchain framework.
  • Georgian Government: Signed MoU to implement Cardano blockchain-enabled projects across education, business, and government services.
Cardano’s other major partnership includes Z/Yen Group’s Distributed Futures practice, COTI Network, and Ellipal Hardware.

Algorand Partnerships

Algorand’s innovativeness and potential to be the blockchain leader has helped it bag a plethora of valuable partnerships across the world. Here are a few partnerships out of the 17 -
  • International Blockchain Monetary Reserve (IBMR): To launch the Southeast Asia Microfinance Platform and create a stablecoin called Asia Reserve Currency Coin (ARCC) to encourage financial inclusion in Southeast Asia.
  • SFB Technologies: To build the infrastructure to create a CBDC (central bank digital currency) dubbed ‘SOV’ for the Marshall Islands.
  • Meld: To tokenize gold and track it over the supply chain using stablecoin for the Australian gold industry.
  • Caratan: To build financial tools and products to promote Fintech adoption at an institutional level.
  • Italian Society of Authors and Publishers (SIAE): To develop copyright management tools and services.
  • DUST Identity: To authenticate physical objects and validate transactions over the blockchain.
  • AssetBlock: A real estate startup launched its tokenized property investment platform on Algorand
  • PlanetWatch: Focused on environmental monitoring, the first "CERN Spin-off " labeled organization is building the world's first immutable air quality ledger on the Algorand blockchain using IoT technologies.
Other major partnerships include World Chess - the commercial arm of the World Chess Federation, Big Data company Syncsort, and Tether.

Consensus Algorithm

Both Cardano and Algorand use PoS or Proof of Stake consensus mechanism at their heart, but that’s where the similarity ends. Each of them has its own spin to it.
In the PoS mechanism, a person can validate a block depending on how many stakes or coins he holds. The stake quantity determines the amount of mining power one has. So how does each of them differ?

Cardano

Cardano’s version is called Ouroboros PoS.
  • Cardano allows stakeholders to pool their resources together in a single ‘stake pool’, thus delegating their stakes to the pool. This is because every elected stakeholder may not have the expertise to create blocks.
  • The physical timeline is divided into small blocks called ‘epochs’ that are made up of fixed slots. These epochs are cyclic.
  • Each such epoch consists of a set of pooled stakeholders.
  • While the endorsers are elected depending on the weight of the number of stakes held by them, a slot leader (for every epoch) is randomly chosen by a digital coin toss among stakeholders. When the endorsers approve the blocks produced by slot leaders, it gets added to the blockchain.
  • The slot leader also selects the slot leader for the next epoch through the ‘coin toss’.
  • Note that having a higher stake increases the probability of getting elected.
  • Currently, the list of validators is fixed and the succession is known beforehand.
With the launch of the Shelley mainnet, Cardano plans to remove the above issue. But this will be a hard fork. Here, the community will decide on block validators through staking.

Algorand

The version Algorand uses is called PPoS (Pure Proof of Stake) consensus mechanism.
  • PPoS randomly selects a token holder as a block producer.
  • The proposed block gets approved by a committee of 1000 randomly selected token owners and then added to the blockchain.
  • The algorithm runs a cryptographically verifiable lucky draw over all the accounts to randomly select committee members as well as the block proposer.
  • This means the identities of the participants are unknown until the blocks are added to the chain.
  • This selection does not depend on the stake size of the nodes at all.
  • PPoS runs this lottery process in complete isolation with other nodes in the network.
The completely randomized election and secret identities of the committee members drastically reduce the chances of any foul playing within the network. As the number of users grows, the network gets stronger and more secure.
Algorand’s PPoS has embraced a more egalitarian ecosystem to negate the wealth gap present in traditional PoS.

Handling Scalability

Cardano

Currently, Cardano offers 50-250 TPS. But with incorporating sharding technology in its Ouroboros Hydra version, the scalability can increase to one million TPS theoretically. The processing speed will increase as more users or nodes join the network.

Algorand

In Algorand, every lottery takes just a microsecond to run. Since such lotteries run independently of each other, multiple lotteries can run simultaneously. This inherently makes PPoS highly scalable. The mainnet itself has the capability to handle 1000 TPS.

Conclusion

Both Cardano and Algorand have sound tech and teams that believe in extensive research and meticulously designed products. Having an early start, there’s no denying that Cardano has established itself in a superior position thanks to the technological achievement, consistency, and transparency it has showcased.
But with Algorand’s ecosystem growing fast, the competition has intensified. Algorand’s aim to bring full transparency, technological innovation, and successful partnerships just within a year have made it a prime challenger to Cardano.
While referring to Algorand, Cardano chief Hoskinson voiced similar opinion - “... they are another one of the science coins and we all kind of support each other. Even though we get academically competitive, we're able to reference each other's work and learn from each other and grow from each other.”
submitted by Superb_Recognition to algorand [link] [comments]

Concept and Features of Eternal Wallet (Part 1/4)

Concept and Features of Eternal Wallet (Part 1/4)
July 21st, 2020
https://preview.redd.it/l4qdbwj3m4c51.png?width=791&format=png&auto=webp&s=90d4917003dbcd3d79b5b5e078cec25c9b1e7064
In this series of articles, we aim to clarify the purpose of Eternal Wallet, and how it can empower anyone who wishes to conduct overseas remittance.
Logics of the World’s Cheapest Overseas Remittance
Features of Eternal Wallet
Eternal Wallet has many features as below, and all of these features are necessary for achieving the world’s cheapest overseas remittance.
・Accessible anywhere around the globe just with a computer or smartphone
・Buying/selling of Eternal Coin (XEC. Refer to whitepaper) is possible within the wallet
・50% of the fees accrued are distributed to the holders of Eternal Coin
・By lending out Eternal Coin(XEC), users can receive dividends
・World’s largest amount received when exchanging between foreign currencies
・Optimization of fiat currencies (JPY, USD, etc.)
・Deposits/withdrawals via Bitcoin
・Ability to be traded with digital money
・Tradability of The Transfer Token (TTT refer to whitepaper)
・The sharing service, named E-counter, is available
https://preview.redd.it/s1hsgujcm4c51.png?width=788&format=png&auto=webp&s=b59b7fe3da7861705b4419fce20fa6ffeb608b67
The issues of existing overseas remittance– transfer via bank
Various costs are incurred when sending by using banks, both for the sending party and the receiving party (rent, labor, advertising, etc.).
There is a risk of volatility in the exchange market, and exchange fees will be incurred.
The undeniable existence of correspondent charges (intermediary bank fee) when using the SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) network.
When using banks to conduct overseas remittance, the above costs, and more are incurred.
These costs are a large burden on users who desire to make an overseas remittance.
https://preview.redd.it/o6sluonhm4c51.png?width=788&format=png&auto=webp&s=a233d3dfdfce177baf24b16351f11703c69d33ab
The issues of existing overseas remittance — transfer via cryptocurrency
If there is the only cryptocurrency involved in the transfer, it is possible to send it anywhere cheaply and quickly.
However, as overseas remittance starts and concludes finally when the fiat currency has been exchanged to another fiat currency, the process is more complicated. First;
  1. One user would need to purchase the cryptocurrency from fiat currency and send it to the desired country
  2. The receiver would need to sell the cryptocurrency for fiat currency.
With this, even if the sending of cryptocurrency can be done at an affordable cost, there are always two transactions, meaning that the spread between the transactions always falls onto the remitted amount of currency.
https://preview.redd.it/6giymjzlm4c51.png?width=791&format=png&auto=webp&s=f6cdfb1ac31eda953b18e9459c543b523d74de7e
The issues of existing overseas remittance — transfer via overseas remittance company
In a traditional Overseas Remittance company, for example, if an overseas remittance were to be conducted between two countries, money (or currency) will be placed in both countries. Theoretically, the deposit and withdrawal could be made in one country, aka domestic remittance in order to keep the costs down. However, it is difficult to equally maintain the transfer between both countries; one country will likely accumulate more funds and cause an inclination. This inclination is filled by the aforementioned country via transferring the funds to the other country using overseas remittance by bank in order to keep the balance.
The upper limit of these methods can be seen, as results of the necessary costs will undoubtedly contribute to the rise in fees.

https://preview.redd.it/l94rs11qm4c51.png?width=790&format=png&auto=webp&s=95d9021c23480a36b48e7199327a7b3c6f646919

Overview of the features of Eternal Wallet

Next, we will explain in detail the functions and features that Eternal Wallet is set to provide users with upon its launch, ranging from points ① to ⑰.
① Multi-currency Wallet
The Eternal Wallet provided by Atom Solutions is designed to be a multi-currency wallet, so fiat currencies of various countries can be stored within the wallet. At first, we will start with two national currencies, then gradually increase the number and expand to other countries.
② P2P Trading
With Eternal Wallet, you can access anytime, anywhere in the world with just a smartphone.
Undoubtedly, bank Apps also have similar features. However, conducting overseas remittance from those apps will eventually be channeled through banks, resulting in a higher fee due to the aforementioned reasons.
With Eternal Wallet, the transaction involves P2P trading directly between users without additional costs incurred, and the world’s cheapest overseas remittance method becomes possible.
③ Eternal Coin
Eternal Coin, a currency exclusively used for trading within Eternal Wallet.
One of the features of Eternal Coin is that users can receive a 50% rebate of the fees accumulated by various transactions dealt within Eternal Wallet.
The existence of Eternal Coin is vital to the overseas remittance logics of Eternal Wallet, and without it the concept of the world’s most affordable overseas remittance is absurd.
④ Deposits/withdrawals by fiat currency
Users can purchase Eternal Coin with fiat currency, meaning that within Eternal Wallet, there is the pairing of Eternal Coin and fiat currency.
Upon purchase of Eternal Coin by depositing fiat currency into Eternal wallet, the same amount of the money will be deposited into users’ regional banks in order to safely protect users’ assets.
As such, even if for example Eternal Coin’s price surged, this means that a user who bought Eternal Coin for the raised price appeared. Therefore, this means that amount has been deposited, and even as Eternal Coin’s price rises, there is no instance where the user’s deposited fiat currency will become un-withdrawable.
Also, if fiat currency (cash) is deposited within Eternal Wallet, the total issued fiat currency amount within the Eternal Wallet system increases. Vice versa, the total issued amount of fiat currency will decrease when fiat currency withdrawals are made.
⑤ The world’s best rate in currency exchange
Eternal Wallet provides the best rates in the world for currency exchange. And with this, by directly sending the exchanged currency via Eternal Wallet to other countries’ Eternal Wallet users, the world’s cheapest overseas remittance can be attained.
We shall leave things here for today.
In the next article, we will explain the function that is essential to Eternal Wallet, the pool function, and more.
submitted by AtomOfficialSNS to AtomSolutions [link] [comments]

Question Roundup - June 2020

The following questions were asked in our Telegram: t.me/ptokens

Q: What is the use case for pBTC tokens?
A: pBTC and other pTokens (pLTC, pEOS, etc) ensure that DApps can be accessible to anyone using cryptocurrencies, without them having to sell their Bitcoin, LItecoin, EOS, or any blockchain asset that they hold.
With the pTokens DApp, you can deposit your bitcoin and mint pBTC to enable portability to Ethereum and EOS blockchains. This allows you to explore new DApps and DeFi opportunities outside of the Bitcoin blockchain without selling your underlying BTC asset.
With pBTC you can:

Q: What is Crosschain?
A: Crosschain is a term indicating that multiple blockchains are connected and interoperable.

Q: Can I exchange pBTC for WBTC?
A: Yes you can swap for WBTC directly through the Eidoo wallet or with Kyber Network.
Or to move from Bitcoin to WBTC, you can utilize pBTC. First, swap BTC for pBTC via the pTokens DApp. Then swap pBTC for WBTC on Uniswap, utilizing the pBTC/WBTC liquidity pool, or through Kyber Network.

Q: Let's say I can get 6% interest over my pBTC in a DeFi project – how does it work when I redeem my BTC?
A: If you peg-in 1 BTC in pTokens, 1 pBTC is minted. Suppose that after one year you earn 6% on your pBTC and want to redeem your underlying asset. You will peg-out 1.06 pBTC and you will receive 1.06 BTC.

Q: What are the contract addresses of pBTC?
A: pBTC on ETH: https://etherscan.io/token/0x5228a22e72ccc52d415ecfd199f99d0665e7733b
pBTC EOS: https://bloks.io/account/btc.ptokens

Q: What projects have integrated pTokens?
A: We’ve integrated with a range of liquidity providers, DEXs, and frameworks such as dMEX, Loopring, Kyber Network, Bancor, and Equilibrium.
There’s also support for pBTC on popular DEX aggregators like 1inchExchange, Dex.ag, and Paraswap, as well as on wallets like Argent, MyEtherWallet, Trust Wallet, and Eidoo.
You can find our full (and growing) list of integrations at: ptokens.io/integrations

Q: Do you have any new pTokens bridges planned? Which are live now?
A: pBTC is currently on mainnet, both on Ethereum and EOS. And on testnet, pTokens currently has pLTC on ETH and pEOS on ETH. We are working on a few more pTokens bridges that will be released in the coming months, but going forward the pNetwork DAO will decide which pTokens assets and bridges are implemented.
You can see our planned assets here under “assets supported.”

Q: What phase is pTokens in, and when will it start the next phase?
A: p.Network is currently in phase 0 of its progressive decentralization roadmap. This means that pTokens are currently running on a single enclave, trust minimized, while future phases will be decentralized and trustless. The pNetwork DAO will launch in the coming weeks, and Phase1 will launch in Q3.
For more on the pNetwork roadmap, visit: https://p.network/project#roadmap

Q: Is there any concern for vulnerabilities with the use of a TEE given the history of SGX?
A: In our current phase0, we are not decentralized, but are utilizing a stronger-than-SGX TEE (strongbox). In phase1, we’ll be using multiTEE (no point of failure in a single tee)+MPC.

Q: Are there any minting fees?
A: In our current phase0, there are no peg-in/-out fees, as we subsidize the cost. In phase1 the fee will be chosen by the DAO and enforced by validators (the fee will be distributed among them as a reward for their work). At that point you can expect the fee to be similar to the ones applied by competing projects, which is normally between 0.1 and 0.2% (conceptually similar to the "trading fee" being applied by exchanges).

Q: Why are two pTokens BTC listed on Crossmarketcap? (11 e 13)?
A: Crossmarketcap shows data for several chains so they show two pBTC tokens: pBTC-on-eth and pBTC-on-eos.

Q: What is the difference between pTokens.io and p.Network?
A: pTokens.io is the project to unchain assets by creating 1:1 pTokenized assets (like pBTC) to move liquidity from one blockchain to another. It's integrated into various DeFi DApps and platforms across multiple blockchains. p.Network is the governance layer that supports and secures pTokens, and other projects, via a network of validators and a DAO.

Q: What is PNT? What happened to EDO?
A: The pNetwork Token (PNT) is the governance token for the upcoming p.Network, the decentralized network powering pTokens. Thanks to a collaborative effort between Eidoo and pTokens, the EDO token was upgraded and effectively transformed into PNT on June 18. On this day, EDO holders received an equal amount of PNT tokens in their Ethereum wallets, with leading exchanges listing PNT. EDO is no longer supported, as the value and utility of EDO was transferred to PNT.
As a governance token, PNT will be used for staking, voting and earning interest within the p.Network. PNT is available on a growing list of exchanges, including: Binance, Bitfinex, HitBTC, Kyber Network and Loopring. For more on the token upgrade, visit: https://medium.com/provable/introducing-the-pnetwork-pnt-2354f7ab06f

Q: What is the reason behind burning 28 million+ edo?
A: This is a step to reduce company held tokens so ownership is spread more equitably to the community when we move to the introduction of a community-governed DAO system.

Q: How much PNT does the team have now?
A: The team has 13M PNT locked, they unlock after 1 and 2 years. The token economy is outlined in the pNetwork deck on p.network/learn.

Q: Is there a public audit report?
A: The audit report for pBTC on ETH is available here. And the audit report for pBTC on EOS is here.

Q: Will the burning of PNT occur, similar to EDO burning for the Eidoo core services?
A: Yes. PNT extends the EDO token economy with p.Network so all Eidoo core services will continue as planned. Currently, 5M tokens are locked because of the previous Eidoo staking initiatives and burning happens on a daily basis (edo.watch).

Q: What is the contract address of PNT? Where can I find the total supply and circulating supply?
A: The contract addresses for PNT is: https://etherscan.io/address/0x89Ab32156e46F46D02ade3FEcbe5Fc4243B9AAeD
The total supply is approx 59.65M EDO: https://etherscan.io/token/0xced4e93198734ddaff8492d525bd258d49eb388e
The circulating supply is approximately 34M EDO as described on page #22 in our deck.
For more on the circulating supply, visit: https://www.coingecko.com/en/coins/pnetwork

Q: I see another project on Coingecko with PNT called Penta network – What is it?
A: We are not associated with Penta. Please be mindful to check the full name of the asset before interacting with it. For example, on HitBTC, Penta is listed as PNT, and pNetwork Token is listed as XPNT, but this is the only exchange where this occurs.

Q: Is PNT listed on any exchanges?
A: PNT is available on a growing list of exchanges, including: Binance, Bitfinex, HitBTC, Kyber Network and Loopring. We will continue to update our blog as more are added.
Coingecko also reports the exchanges where the trading of the pNetwork Token is active: https://www.coingecko.com/en/coins/pnetwork#markets.

Q: Why is PNT not supported on OKex?
A: Given the very small number of EDO tokens deposited on OKex we have decided not to list PNT there.

Q: What is the minimum amount of PNT required to stake
A: No minimum is required.

Q: How much is required to run a node?
A: Validators must stake 200k PNT. As an incentive, they would be able to earn 63% interest over two years - 42% the first year, and 21% the second. The pNetwork litepaper goes into more details on validators, PNT and token economics.

Q: How can you guarantee those interest rates?
A: They will be guaranteed by an inflation mechanism. The supply of PNT is just below 60 million tokens after launch. During the first stages of the pNetwork, an economic incentive is also introduced to the system to encourage users to actively participate within the DAO. In these first two years, all those who stake PNT will see their tokens grow with an overall interest rate of 63% over two years. Up to 28,350,000 PNT tokens are dedicated to this initiative, which are generated through an inflation mechanism.

Q: Where can I find community questions from the previous months?
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
submitted by robwitt to pTokens [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to u/CoinjoyAssistant [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoNews [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to cryptonewswire [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoNews24by7 [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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