Bitcoin Wallets – The Merkle News

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to btc [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
>Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to Crypto_General [link] [comments]

Crypto Weekly News — May, 29

What important crypto events happened last week?
📌 American developer Laszlo Hanyecz, the person who made the first documented purchase using cryptocurrency on May 22, 2010, said he actually spent significantly more than 10,000 BTC on pizza. He mined about 100,000 BTC and spent about half on pizza, and the second half he handed out or exchanged for other things.
📌 Minecraft, one of the world’s most popular video games, has a new plug-in enabling players to place blockchain assets directly into their servers without the need to write any code. The launch enables potentially millions of developers to integrate crypto assets into games and apps without prior knowledge of coding for blockchain.
📌 Samsung integrates the custodial and trading service of the Gemini Bitcoin exchange into the blockchain wallet. Users will be able to buy, sell, exchange and store digital assets through the application.
📌 The crypto community drew attention to the growing popularity of BTC. According to Glassnode, the number of investors who own one or more Bitcoins has reached a record high. At the same time, the volume of BTC on the balances of digital asset exchanges, on the contrary, dropped to an 18-month low.
📌 Vitaliy Antonenko, a Ukrainian detainee in New York, faces 20 years in prison and a heavy fine. Antonenko is accused of a series of cybercrimes with the aim of stealing bank cards data. According to investigators, he sold the stolen data along with his accomplices on the darknet. Earned money ($94 million), he allegedly laundered using Bitcoin.
📌 According to the crypto analyst under the nickname CryptoKea, Bitcoin miners have turned into cryptocurrency sellers and the trend is growing. Over the past seven days, miners have sold 955 BTC more than they mined, putting pressure on cryptocurrency quotes. This happens because miners turn off unprofitable equipment, but are forced to sell coins from stocks to pay for operating expenses, CryptoKea noted.
📌 According to Glassnode, users have withdrawn over 310,000 Bitcoins from exchanges since the March market crash, dubbed Black Thursday. This is the longest observed period of cryptocurrency outflow from centralized trading spaces.
📌 The hacker group Blue Mockingbird hacked at least a thousand corporate servers to install a hidden miner for the Monero cryptocurrency on them, ZDNet reports. To carry out the attack, hackers took advantage of a vulnerability in the platform of client interface components for web services.
📌 The number of ETH addresses with above zero balance has grown by 350% since January 2018, when the market value of cryptocurrency reached a historic high of $1,400. According to a Weiss Crypto Ratings study, Ethereum outperforms Bitcoin in the number of addresses with a positive balance and the number of active users. Ripple, in turn, has 140 times less active users than BTC.
That’s all for now!
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

A few stories about Brian Krebs: The independent cybercrime journalist who exposes criminals on the internet

First, a bit of introduction before we get into the living drama that is Brian Krebs.
Brian Krebs has been a journalist for decades, starting in the late 90s. He got his start at The Washington Post, but what he's most famous for are his exposes on criminal businesses and individuals who perpetuate cyber crime worldwide. In 2001, he got his interest in cybercrime piqued when a computer worm locked him out of his own computer. In 2005, he shifted from working as a staff writer at The Washington Post's tech newswire to writing for their security blog, "Security Wire". During his tenure there, he started by focusing on the victims of cybercrime, but later also started to focus on the perpetrators of it as well. His reporting helped lead to the shutdown of McColo, a hosting provider who provided service to some of the world's biggest spammers and hackers. Reports analyzing the shutdown of McColo estimated that global spam volume dropped by between 40 and 70 percent. Further analysis revealed it also played host to child pornography sites, and the Russian Business Network, a major Russian cybercrime ring.
In 2009, Krebs left to start his own site, KrebsOnSecurity. Since then, he's been credited with being the first to report on major events such as Stuxnet and when Target was breached, resulting in the leakage of 40 million cards. He also regularly investigates and reveals criminals' identities on his site. The latter has made him the bane of the world of cybercrime, as well as basically a meme, where criminals will include references like Made by Brian Krebs in their code, or name their shops full of stolen credit cards after him.
One of his first posts on his new site was a selection of his best work. While not particularly dramatic, they serve as an excellent example of dogged investigative work, and his series reveal the trail of takedowns his work has documented, or even contributed to.
And now, a selection of drama involving Krebs. Note, all posts are sarcastically-tinged retellings of the source material which I will link throughout. I also didn't use the real names in my retellings, but they are in the source material. This took way too long to write, and it still does massively condense the events described in the series. Krebs has been involved with feuds with other figures, but I'd argue these tales are the "main" bits of drama that are most suited for here.

Fly on the Wall

By 2013, Krebs was no stranger to cybercriminals taking the fight to the real world. He was swatted previously to the point where the police actually know to give him a ring and see if there'd actually been a murder, or if it was just those wacky hackers at it again. In addition, his identity was basically common knowledge to cybercriminals, who would open lines of credit in his name, or find ways to send him money using stolen credit cards.
However, one particular campaign against him caught his eye. A hacker known as "Fly" aka "Flycracker" aka "MUXACC1" posted on a Russian-language fraud forum he administered about a "Krebs fund". His plan was simple. Raise Bitcoin to buy Heroin off of a darknet marketplace, address it to Krebs, and alert his local police via a spoofed phone call. Now, because Krebs is an investigative journalist, he develops undercover presences on cybercrime forums, and it just so happened he'd built up a presence on this one already.
Guys, it became known recently that Brian Krebs is a heroin addict and he desperately needs the smack, so we have started the "Helping Brian Fund", and shortly we will create a bitcoin wallet called "Drugs for Krebs" which we will use to buy him the purest heroin on the Silk Road. My friends, his withdrawal is very bad, let’s join forces to help the guy! We will save Brian from the acute heroin withdrawal and the world will get slightly better!
Fly had first caught Krebs' attention by taunting him on Twitter, sending him Tweets including insults and abuse, and totally-legit looking links. Probably either laced with malware, or designed to get Krebs' IP. He also took to posting personal details such as Krebs' credit report, directions to his house, and pictures of his front door on LiveJournal, of all places.
So, after spotting the scheme, he alerted his local police that he'd probably have someone sending him some China White. Sure enough, the ne'er-do-wells managed to raise 2 BTC, which at the time was a cool $200 or so. They created an account on the premiere darknet site at the time, The Silk Road under the foolproof name "briankrebs7". They found one seller who had consistently high reviews, but the deal fell through for unknown reasons. My personal theory is the seller decided to Google where it was going, and realized sending a gram of dope into the waiting arms of local law enforcement probably wasn't the best use of his time. Still, the forum members persevered, and found another seller who was running a buy 10 get 2 free promotion. $165 of Bitcoin later, the drugs were on their way to a new home. The seller apparently informed Fly that the shipment should arrive by Tuesday, a fact which he gleefully shared with the forum.
While our intrepid hero had no doubt that the forum members were determined to help him grab the tail of the dragon, he's not one to assume without confirmation, and enlisted the help of a graduate student at UCSD who was researching Bitcoin and anonymity on The Silk Road, and confirmed the address shared by Fly was used to deposit 2 BTC into an account known to be used for money management on the site.
By Monday, an envelope from Chicago had arrived, containing a copy of Chicago confidential. Taped inside were tiny baggies filled with the purported heroin. Either dedicated to satisfied customers, or mathematically challenged, the seller had included thirteen baggies instead of the twelve advertised. A police officer arrived to take a report and whisked the baggies away.
Now, Fly was upset that Krebs wasn't in handcuffs for drug possession, and decided to follow up his stunt by sending Krebs a floral arrangement shaped like a cross, and an accompanying threatening message addressed to his wife, the dire tone slightly undercut by the fact that it was signed "Velvet Crabs". Krebs' curiosity was already piqued from the shenanigans with the heroin, but with the arrival of the flowers decided to dive deeper into the сука behind things.
He began digging into databases from carding sites that had been hacked, but got his first major breakthrough to his identity from a Russian computer forensics firm. Fly had maintained an account on a now-defunct hacking forum, whose database was breached under "Flycracker". It turns out, the email Flycracker had used was also hacked at some point, and a source told Krebs that the email was full of reports from a keylogger Fly had installed on his wife's computer. Now, because presumably his wife wasn't part of, or perhaps even privy to her husband's illicit dealings, her email account happened to be her full legal name, which Krebs was able to trace to her husband. Now, around this time, the site Fly maintained disappeared from the web, and administrators on another major fraud forum started purging his account. This is a step they typically take when they suspect a member has been apprehended by authorities. Nobody knew for sure, but they didn't want to take any chances.
More research by Krebs revealed that the criminals' intuition had been correct, and Fly was arrested in Italy, carrying documents under an assumed name. He was sitting in an Italian jail, awaiting potential extradition to the United States, as well as potentially facing charges in Italy. This was relayed to Krebs by a law enforcement official who simply said "The Fly has been swatted". (Presumably while slowly removing a pair of aviator sunglasses)
While Fly may have been put away, the story between Krebs and Fly wasn't quite over. He did end up being extradited to the US for prosecution, but while imprisoned in Italy, Fly actually started sending Krebs letters. Understandably distrustful after the whole "heroin" thing, his contacts in federal law enforcement tested the letter, and found it to be clean. Inside, there was a heartfelt and personal letter, apologizing for fucking with Krebs in so many ways. He also forgave Krebs for posting his identity online, leading him to muse that perhaps Fly was working through a twelve-step program. In December, he received another letter, this time a simple postcard with a cheerful message wishing him a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Krebs concluded his post thusly:
Cybercrooks have done some pretty crazy stuff to me in response to my reporting about them. But I don’t normally get this kind of closure. I look forward to meeting with Fly in person one day soon now that he will be just a short train ride away. And he may be here for some time: If convicted on all charges, Fly faces up to 30 years in U.S. federal prison.
Fly ultimately was extradited. He plead guilty and was sentenced to 41 months in jail

vDOS and Mirai Break The Internet

Criminals are none too happy when they find their businesses and identities on the front page of KrebsOnSecurity. It usually means law enforcement isn't far behind. One such business was known as vDOS. A DDOS-for-hire (also known as a "booter" or a "stresser") site that found itself hacked, with all their customer records still in their databases leaked. Analysis of the records found that in a four-month time span, the service had been responsible for about 8.81 years worth of attack time, meaning on average at any given second, there were 26 simultaneous attacks running. Interestingly, the hack of vDOS came about from another DDOS-for-hire site, who as it turns out was simply reselling services provided by vDOS. They were far from the only one. vDOS appeared to provide firepower to a large number of different resellers.
In addition to the attack logs, support messages were also among the data stolen. This contained some complaints from various clients who complained they were unable to launch attacks against Israeli IPs. This is a common tactic by hackers to try and avoid unwanted attention from authorities in their country of residence. This was confirmed when two men from Israel were arrested for their involvement in owning and running vDOS. However, this was just the beginning for this bit of drama.
The two men arrested went by the handles "applej4ck" and "Raziel". They had recently published a paper on DDOS attack methods in an online Israeli security magazine. Interestingly, on the same day the men were arrested, questioned, and released on bail, vDOS went offline. Not because it had been taken down by Israeli authorities, not because they had shut it down themselves, but because a DDOS protection firm, BackConnect Security, had hijacked the IP addresses belonging to the company. To spare a lot of technical detail, it's called a BGP hijack, and it basically works by a company saying "Yeah, those are our addresses." It's kind of amazing how much of the internet is basically just secured by the digital equivalent of pinky swears. You can read some more technical detail on Wikipedia. Anyway, we'll get back to BackConnect.
Following the publication of the story uncovering the inner workings of vDOS, KrebsOnSecurity was hit with a record breaking DDOS attack, that peaked at 620/Gbps, nearly double the most powerful DDOS attack previously on record. To put that in perspective, that's enough bandwidth to download 5 simultaneous copies of Interstellar in 4K resolution every single second, and still have room to spare. The attack was so devastating, Akamai, one of the largest providers of DDOS protection in the world had to drop Krebs as a pro bono client. Luckily, Google was willing to step in and place his site under the protection of Google's Project Shield, a free service designed to protect the news sites and journalists from being knocked offline by DDOS attacks.
This attack was apparently in retaliation for the vDOS story, since some of the data sent in the attack included the string "freeapplej4ck". The attack was executed by a botnet of Internet of Things (or IoT) devices. These are those "smart" devices like camera systems, routers, DVRs. Basically things that connect to the cloud. An astounding amount of those are secured with default passwords that can be easily looked up from various sites or even the manufacturers' websites. This was the start of a discovery of a massive botnet that had been growing for years.
Now time for a couple quick side stories:
Dyn, a company who provides DNS to many major companies including Twitter, Reddit, and others came under attack, leaving many sites (including Twitter and Reddit) faltering in the wake of it. Potentially due to one of their engineers' collaboration with Krebs on another story. It turned out that the same botnet that attacked Krebs' site was at least part of the attack on Dyn
And back to BackConnect, that DDOS protection firm that hijacked the IP addresses from vDOS. Well it turns out BGP Hijacks are old hat for the company. They had done it at least 17 times before. Including at least once (purportedly with permission) for the address 1.3.3.7. Aka, "leet". It turns out one of the co-founders of BackConnect actually posted screenshots of him visiting sites that tell you your public IP address in a DDOS mitigation industry chat, showing it as 1.3.3.7. They also used a BGP Hijack against a hosting company and tried to frame a rival DDOS mitigation provider.
Finally, another provider, Datawagon was interestingly implicated in hosting DDOS-for-hire sites while offering DDOS protection. In a Skype conversation where the founder of Datawagon wanted to talk about that time he registered dominos.pizza and got sued for it, he brings up scanning the internet for vulnerable routers completely unprompted. Following the publication of the story about BackConnect, in which he was included in, he was incensed about his portrayal, and argued with Krebs over Skype before Krebs ultimately ended up blocking him. He was subsequently flooded with fake contact requests from bogus or hacked Skype accounts. Shortly thereafter, the record-breaking DDOS attack rained down upon his site.
Back to the main tale!
So, it turns out the botnet of IoT devices was puppeteered by a malware called Mirai. How did it get its name? Well, that's the name its creator gave it, after an anime called Mirai Nikki. How did this name come to light? The creator posted the source code online. (The name part, not the origin. The origin didn't come 'til later.) The post purported that they'd picked it up from somewhere in their travels as a DDOS industry professional. It turns out this is a semi-common tactic when miscreants fear that law enforcement might come looking for them, and having the only copy of the source code of a malware in existence is a pretty strong indicator that you have something to do with it. So, releasing the source to the world gives a veneer of plausible deniability should that eventuality come to pass. So who was this mysterious benefactor of malware source? They went by the name "Anna-senpai".
As research on the Mirai botnet grew, and more malware authors incorporated parts of Mirai's source code into their own attacks, attention on the botnet increased, and on the people behind it. The attention was presumably the reason why Hackforums, the forum where the source code was posted, later disallowed ostensible "Server Stress Tester" services from being sold on it. By December, "Operation Tarpit" had wrought 34 arrests and over a hundred "knock and talk" interviews questioning people about their involvement.
By January, things started to come crashing down. Krebs published an extensive exposé on Anna-senpai detailing all the evidence linking them to the creation of Mirai. The post was so big, he included a damn glossary. What sparked the largest botnet the internet had ever seen? Minecraft. Minecraft servers are big business. A popular one can earn tens of thousands of dollars per month from people buying powers, building space, or other things. It's also a fiercely competitive business, with hundreds of servers vying for players. It turns out that things may have started, as with another set of companies, two rival DDOS mitigation providers competing for customers. ProTraf was a provider of such mitigation technology, and a company whose owner later worked for ProTraf had on at least one occasion hijacked addresses belonging to another company, ProxyPipe. ProxyPipe had also been hit with DDOS attacks they suspected to be launched by ProTraf.
While looking into the President of ProTraf, Krebs realized he'd seen the relatively uncommon combination of programming languages and skills posted by the President somewhere else. They were shared by Anna-senpai on Hackforums. As Krebs dug deeper and deeper into Anna-senpai's online presence, he uncovered other usernames, including one he traced to some Minecraft forums where a photoshopped picture of a still from Pulp Fiction contained the faces of BackConnect, which was a rival to ProTraf's DDOS mitigation business, and another face. A hacker by the name of Vyp0r, who another employee of ProTraf claimed betrayed his trust and blackmailed him into posting the source of another piece of malware called Bashlite. There was also a third character photoshopped into the image. An anime character named "Yamada" from a movie called B Gata H Hei.
Interestingly, under the same username, Krebs found a "MyAnimeList" profile which, out of 9 titles it had marked as watched, were B Gata H Hei, as well as Mirai Nikki, the show from which Mirai derived its name. It continues on with other evidence, including DDOS attacks against Rutgers University, but in short, there was little doubt in the identity of "Anna-senpai", but the person behind the identity did contact Krebs to comment. He denied any involvement in Mirai or DDOS attacks.
"I don’t think there are enough facts to definitively point the finger at me," [Anna-senpai] said. "Besides this article, I was pretty much a nobody. No history of doing this kind of stuff, nothing that points to any kind of sociopathic behavior. Which is what the author is, a sociopath."
He did, however, correct Krebs on the name of B Gata H Kei.
Epilogue
Needless to say, the Mirai botnet crew was caught, but managed to avoid jailtime thanks to their cooperation with the government. That's not to say they went unpunished. Anna-senpai was sentenced to 6 months confinement, 2500 hours of community service, and they may have to pay up to $8.6 million in restitution for their attacks on Rutgers university.

Other Stories

I don't have the time or energy to write another effortpost, and as is I'm over 20,000 characters, so here's a few other tidbits of Krebs' clashes with miscreants.
submitted by HereComesMyDingDong to internetdrama [link] [comments]

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20191023(Market index 33 — Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20191023(Market index 33 — Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/folaa2ztw9u31.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a0aaa8476acb68252087ddf0558d293b5a9a9392

Germany Warns Of Privacy Token Usage In Money Laundering And Terrorism According to Cointelegraph, the German Federal Ministry of Finance has expressed concerns about rising use of privacy tokens due to their association with criminal activities and difficulties in tracking them. Published on Oct 19, the ministry’s “First Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing National Risk Assessment” for 2018–2019 provided analysis aimed at the identification of existing and future risks in the field of anti-money laundering (AML) and terrorism financing (TF) in Germany. Among other challenges, the report examines circulation of cryptocurrencies in the darknet for criminal purposes.
State Probe Of Facebook Expands To 47 Attorneys General According to Reuters news flash, the state probe of Facebook on allegations that the company put consumer data at risk and pushed up advertising rates has expanded to attorneys general from 47 states and territories, New York Attorney General Letitia James said on Tuesday, October 22 in a statement.
Bank Of Lithuania Becomes First Market Regulator To Issue Guidelines On STOs According to coinpage, Bank of Lithuania has become the first of market regulators to issue guidelines on STOs. The new guidelines are focussed on the classification of security tokens, assessing specific cases and providing recommendations related to the issue of the security tokens and also clarify on applicable legal regulation. Furthermore, enterprises planning to use the STO method will need to comply with EU and national legislation regulating capital-raising activities.
TBCASoft, IBM And SoftBank Announced A Mobile Payment Blockchain Blockchain platform TBCASoft, technology behemoth IBM and telecommunications conglomerate SoftBank announced on Oct 22 a collaboration to adopt a cross-carrier telecommunications blockchain payment solution.

Encrypted project calendar(October 23, 2019)

MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on October 23rd at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles with the theme “Connecting the I3 Market and Experiencing Purchase and Sales Data.” BTC/Bitcoin: The WBS World Blockchain Summit (Middle East) will be held in Dubai from October 23rd to 24th. Cardano (ADA) and 1 other: 23 October 2019 WBS Dubai “One of a kind gathering of 500+ curated & pre-qualified investors, CEOs, CIOs, CTOs, Heads of Blockchain, Chief Digital Officers CloakCoin (CLOAK): 23 October 2019 (or earlier) CloakCoin Competition “CloakCoin competition : solve the CloakCoin ENIGMA transaction, 3rd round.” Loom Network (LOOM): 23 October 2019 Singapore Meetup “Unstack the Stack Series: Loom Network” from 6:30–8:30 PM (SST). BTGS/Bitdog: ZG.COM will open the BTGS currency and coin transfer business at 14:00 on October 23, and open the BTGS/USDT transaction pair on October 23 at 18:18. Waltonchain (WTC): 23 October 2019 Transfers Suspended “$WTC deposits and withdrawals on #TaibiExchange will be suspended from 00:00 Oct 22 (UTC+8) and are estimated to resume at 15:00 Oct 23

Encrypted project calendar(October 24, 2019)

BCN/Bytecoin: Bytecoin (BCN) released the hidden amount of the Bytecoin block network on October 24. Horizen (ZEN): 24 October 2019 Weekly Insider Team updates at 3:30 PM UTC/ 11:30 AM EDT: Engineering, Node network, Product/UX, Helpdesk, Legal, BD, Marketing, CEO Closing thoughts, AMA. ANT/Aragon: Aragon (ANT) Aragon Network will hold the theme “DAO: ICO and DeFi next step” in Hong Kong on October 24th? DATA/Streamr DATAcoin: Streamr DATAcoin (DATA) Streamr Network Technology Exchange and Project Development Conference will be held in London on October 24th. Lisk (LSK): 24 October 2019 Coding Workshop — Berlin “During this workshop you will acquire the skills to create custom transactions with the Lisk Alpha SDK using Node.js.” BTU Protocol (BTU): 24 October 2019 Africa IT Expo “Our co-founder @vidal007 will be speaking at upcoming @africa_aitex [African IT Expo] held in #Rabat #Morocco on 24th of October.” Matrix AI Network (MAN): 24 October 2019 YouTube AMA YouTube AMA from 3PM, October 24 (GMT+8). Utrum (OOT): 24 October 2019 AtomicDex Listing “We are pleased to announce that Utrum coin OOT is getting listed on Komodo Platform Decentral Exchange — AtomicDEX. “

Encrypted project calendar(October 25, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) The Ada community will host a community gathering in the Dominican Republic for the first time on October 25. Crypto.com Coin (CRO): 25 October 2019 Live AMA with CEO “Live AMA with our CEO @Kris_HK on @cryptocom’s Twitter next Friday, 25 October, 11AM HKT.” GST/GSTCOIN: GSTCOIN(GST)LBank will be online GST on October 25, 2019 at 16:00 (UTC+8), open trading pair: GST/USDT, GST/ETH.

Encrypted project calendar(October 26, 2019)

KAT/Kambria: Kambria (KAT) Kambria will host the 2019 Southern California Artificial Intelligence and Data Science Conference in Los Angeles on October 26th with IDEAS. BTC/Bitcoin: CoinAgenda Global Summit will be held in Las Vegas from October 26th to 28th Horizen (ZEN): 26 October 2019 (or earlier) ZEN 2.0.19 Upgrade Zen 2.0.19 upgrade at block #610000, which is expected around October 26.

Encrypted project calendar(October 27, 2019)

ICON (ICX): 27 October 2019 Money 20/20 USA Event Money 20/20 USA in Las Vegas from October 27–30.

Encrypted project calendar(October 28, 2019)

LTC/Litecoin: Litecoin (LTC) 2019 Litecoin Summit will be held from October 28th to October 29th in Las Vegas, USA BTC/Bitcoin: Mt.Gox changes the debt compensation plan submission deadline to October 28 ZEC/Zcash: Zcash (ZEC) will activate the Blossom Agreement on October 28th Stellar (XLM): 28 October 2019 Protocol 12 Upgrade Vote Horizon v0.22.0 has been released, which supports Protocol 12. This gives everyone ample time to prepare for the Protocol 12 upgrade vote Celsius (CEL) and 3 others: 28 October 2019 Litecoin Summit “…The Litecoin Summit offers two fun, jam-packed days with something for everyone.” XFOC (XFOC): The IDAX platform will be online XFOC and will open the XFOC/USDT trading pair at 13:00 on October 28. MEDIUM (MDM): The IDAX platform lists MDM and will open MDM/BTC trading pairs on October 28th at 15:00. ZB/ ZB Blockchain: The “2019 Hamburg Intercontinental Dialogue Conference” hosted by ZB.com will be held from October 28th to November 9th at the Four Seasons Hotel Hamburg, Germany. BQT (BQTX): 28 October 2019 Down for Maintenance BQTX.com will be down for maintenance on the 28th of October from 7 to 12am UTC.

Encrypted project calendar(October 29, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2nd World Encryption Conference (WCC) will be held in Las Vegas from October 29th to 31st. ICON (ICX): 29 October 2019 Decentralization “As a result, the decentralization schedule of the ICON Network has been changed from September 24, 2019 to October 29, 2019.” Ark (ARK): and 10 others 29 October 2019 WCC 2019 Second annual Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Technology event, World Crypto Conference (WCC), October 29th — October 31, 2019. Insifa (ISF): 29 October 2019 Prototype Alpha “We from Insifa have decided to be more open. Our Prototype will be developed in scrum. This means new releases every two weeks.”

Encrypted project calendar(October 30, 2019)

MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on October 30th at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on the topic “How to store data on IOTA Tangle.” TRON (TRX): 30 October 2019 SFBW19 Afterparty “TRON Official SFBW19 Afterparty from 7–10:30 PM in San Francisco.” Horizen (ZEN): 30 October 2019 Horizen Quarterly Update Join our first Quarterly Update on October the 30th at 5 PM UTC/ 1 PM EST. Deeper look into Engineering, BD, Marketing, and more. Aeternity (AE): 30 October 2019 Hardfork “The third hardfork of the æternity Mainnet is scheduled for October 30, 2019.” Valor Token (VALOR): 30 October 2019 Transaction Fees Resume “It’s September and the SMART VALOR Platform is still waiving transaction fees for all members, until October 30th!” Aragon (ANT): 30 October 2019 Singapore Meetup “Aragon on DAOs and DeFi” from 6:30–8:30 PM. Kambria (KAT): 30 October 2019 Outliers Hashed Awards Outliers Hashed awards from October 30–31. Ethereum Classic (ETC): 30 October 2019 Cohort Demo Day “ETC Labs hosts it’s 2nd Cohort Demo Day. Learn about the companies and project being accelerated through the Ethereum Classic ecosystem.”

Encrypted project calendar(October 31, 2019)

Spendcoin (SPND): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Cross Ledger Mainnet “Cross Ledger Mainnet Release and SPND Token Swap,” during October 2019. Spendcoin (SPND): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Blkchn University Beta “Blockchain University Beta goes live,” during October 2019. Stellar (XLM): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Minor Release “We will have 6 Minor Releases in 2019; one each in February, March, May, June, August, and October.” Bitcoin SV (BSV): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) BSV Conference Seoul No additional information. Seele (SEELE): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Public Network Mainne launch has been moved to Oct 31 . Howdoo (UDOO): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Howdoo Live on Huawei Howdoo begins its exciting partnership with Huawei with listing as a featured app starting in October. Chiliz (CHZ): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) App Soft Launch Soft launch of Socios App by end of October. Dent (DENT): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Loyalty Program “Afterburner loyalty program launch for all 21,6 Million mobile #DENT users will be in October!” IceChain (ICHX): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Wallet Release IceChain releases wallet during October. Chiliz (CHZ): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) New Partnerships New sports and new teams joining Socios (+more updates and events) will be announced in the upcoming weeks. Horizen (ZEN): 31 October 2019 Weekly Insider Team updates at 3:30 PM UTC/ 11:30 AM EDT: Engineering, Node network, Product/UX, Helpdesk, Legal, BD, Marketing, CEO Closing thoughts, AMA. PCHAIN (PI): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) New Website No additional information. IOST (IOST): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) New Game on IOST “Eternal Fafnir, a new role-playing game developed by INFUN is coming to you in Oct.” Achain (ACT): 31 October 2019 Mainnet 2.0 Launch “… The main network is officially scheduled to launch on October 31.” Mithril (MITH):31 October 2019 Burn “MITH burn will take place on 2019/10/31 2pm UTC+8. “ Aergo (AERGO): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Aergo Lite V1.0 Release AergoLite, which brings blockchain compatibility to billions of devices using SQLite, released during October 2019. TE-FOOD (TFD): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Complementary Product “Development of a new, complementary product with a new partner, which we hope to be launched in September-October.” Edge (DADI): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Full Open Source Code base for the network fully open-sourced in September or October. BlockStamp (BST): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) ASIC Miner Prototype In orderr to ensure BlockStamps continued decentralization, we will release a BST ASIC miner for testing. Perlin (PERL): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) SSA Partnership “Perlin has partnered with the Singapore Shipping Association to create the International E-Registry of Ships (IERS)” Skrumble Network (SKM): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Exchange Release “3rd dApp: Exchange Release,” during October 2019. EDC Blockchain (EDC): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Blockchain Marketplace “As you already know, our ECRO blockchain marketplace is ready for release, and will open to the global community in October!” BlockStamp (BST): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) ASIC Miner Prototype In orderr to ensure BlockStamps continued decentralization, we will release a BST ASIC miner for testing. XinFin Network (XDCE): 31 October 2019 Homebloc Webinar “XinFin — Homebloc Webinar 2019” from 9–10 PM. Akropolis (AKRO): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Alpha Release “Delivers the initial mainnet implementation of protocol. All building blocks will be united to one product.” Hyperion (HYN): 31 October 2019 (or earlier) Economic Model The final version of the HYN Economic Model launches in October.

Encrypted project calendar(November 1, 2019)

INS/Insolar: The Insolar (INS) Insolar wallet and the redesigned Insolar Block Explorer will be operational on November 1, 2019. VeChain (VET):”01 November 2019 BUIDLer Reunion Party BUIDLer Reunion Party in San Francisco from 8–11 PM. uPlexa (UPX): 01 November 2019 Steadfast Storm — PoS/PoW split (Utility nodes ie. master nodes) — Upcoming Anonymity Network much like TOR — Privacy-based DApps — Reduced network fees. Enjin Coin (ENJ): 01 November 2019 MFT Binding “ICYMI: On Enjin Coin’s 2nd anniversary (November 1), Enjin MFTs will be bound to hodlers’ blockchain addresses…” Auxilium (AUX):01 November 2019 AUX Interest Distribution Monthly interest distribution by Auxilium Interest Distribution Platform for coinholders. Also supports charity. Havy (HAVY):01 November 2019 Token Buyback “Havy tokens buyback, Only in 1 exchange between Idex, Mercatox & Hotbit. The exchange depends on the most lower sell wall.”

Encrypted project calendar(November 2, 2019)

Kambria (KAT): 02 November 2019 VietAI Summit 2019 Kambria joins forces with VietAI for the annual VietAI Summit, with top experts from Google Brain, NVIDIA, Kambria, VietAI, and more!

Encrypted project calendar(November 4, 2019)

Stellar (XLM): 04 November 2019 Stellar Meridian Conf. Stellar Meridian conference from Nov 4–5 in Mexico City. Cappasity (CAPP): 04 November 2019 Lisbon Web Summit Lisbon Web Summit in Lisbon, Portugal from November 4–7.

Encrypted project calendar(November 5, 2019)

Nexus (NXS): 05 November 2019 Tritium Official Release “Remember, Remember the 5th of November, the day Tritium changed Distributed Ledger. Yes, this is an official release date.” NEM (XEM): 05 November 2019 Innovation Forum — Kyiv NEM Foundation Council Member Anton Bosenko will be speaking in the upcoming International Innovation Forum in Kyiv on November 5, 2019.

Encrypted project calendar(November 6, 2019)

STEEM/Steem: The Steem (STEEM) SteemFest 4 conference will be held in Bangkok from November 6th to 10th. KIM/Kimcoin: Kimcoin (KIM) Bitfinex will be online at KIM on November 6, 2019 at 12:00 (UTC).

Encrypted project calendar(November 7, 2019)

XRP (XRP): 07 November 2019 Swell 2019 Ripple hosts Swell from November 7th — 8th in Singapore. BTC/Bitcoin: Malta The A.I. and Blockchain summit will be held in Malta from November 7th to 8th.

Encrypted project calendar(November 8, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2nd Global Digital Mining Summit will be held in Frankfurt, Germany from October 8th to 10th. IOTX/IoTeX: IoTex (IOTX) will participate in the CES Expo on November 08

Encrypted project calendar(November 9, 2019)

CENNZ/Centrality: Centrality (CENNZ) will meet in InsurTechNZ Connect — Insurance and Blockchain on October 9th in Auckland.

Encrypted project calendar(November 11, 2019)

PAX/Paxos Standard: Paxos Standard (PAX) 2019 Singapore Financial Technology Festival will be held from November 11th to 15th, and Paxos Standard will attend the conference.

Encrypted project calendar(November 12, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The CoinMarketCap Global Conference will be held at the Victoria Theatre in Singapore from November 12th to 13th
https://preview.redd.it/uvnuirkww9u31.png?width=504&format=png&auto=webp&s=737fdd29c36f554223c9e7473cf843c60fe2bb6a

Recently, bitcoin made a few attempts to gain strength above the $8,300 resistance area against the US Dollar. BTC price even spiked above the $8,350 level, but it failed to continue higher.
As a result, a swing high was formed near $8,323 and the price started a fresh decline. During the decline, there was a break below a couple of important supports near $8,100 and $8,200. Moreover, there was a break below a short term ascending channel with support near $8,240 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair.
Finally, bitcoin traded below the $8,100 support area and settled below the 100 hourly simple moving average. It is now trading below the $8,000 level and a low was formed near $7,932.
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What Are Altcoins?

In 2008 the first cryptocurrency – Bitcoin – was born. From this moment the era of cryptocurrencies began. For a long time, Bitcoin was a unique digital currency. But nowadays there are many other crypto coins, commonly known as altcoins. These coins have their own blockchains, miners, and wallets.
The term itself (Altcoin) is an abbreviation for alternative coin. Bitcoin is traditionally considered the first and the main coin. All others are Bitcoin alternatives are called altcoins. They appeared in the desire of developers to improve the existing Bitcoin code and remove the following limitations and disadvantages of the BTC blockchain network:
Bitcoin has a large volume of blocks, which slowly calculate the necessary operations. The main goal was to create new algorithms in order to speed up the transaction time.
The developers of BTC encrypted the transactions well, but there was still a possibility to track the sender and the recipient. So many new altcoins use additional encryption methods (like proof of work, a combination of hashing algorithms in series and hashing algorithms in parallel and so on).
Bitcoin mining constantly becomes more complicated and each time requires the use of more and more resources to form new blocks in the blockchain. Altcoins use other types of protocols that significantly simplify the mining process and do not require special equipment.
The primary task of Bitcoin is to be a tool for settlement transactions. Altcoins have other extra functions, for example, the creation of a smart contract.
Among the other reasons for the creation of altcoins is the need for technological innovation. Each alternative coin created carries certain know-how that is able to solve specific problems. Also in today's world, cryptocurrency trading has become an integral part of the financial world, so the more altcoins options there are — the more opportunities there are for the investments. Finally, most developers need access to the blockchain technology. First of all, they are interested in a reliable data transmission system and the safe storage of important business information. To access this technology, they need to use altcoins.
The very first altcoin was Namecoin. It was created in 2011 to replace the domain name system of BTC in a decentralized way. Later in 2011 Litecoin come out and suddenly the gateways of the crypto-universe burst out with endless altcoins. Today there are thousands of alternative coins. Pretty impressive, huh?
The main problem of new altcoins is the lack of information about them. Beware of so-called scam coins. These are altcoins designed purely to make a lucre of your investments. Scam coins are dumped as soon as someone puts their money into it. So before investing in altcoins check out their functionality, learn more about the developers and broad market support.
Here the list of most popular and promising altcoins that you should pay attention to:
Ethereum is second by capitalization after BTC. It has also been second by the price rate among all crypto coins for a long time. ETH was created in 2015 as a platform for the development of smart contracts. Nowadays, the major part of ICOs is conducted on this platform.
A fork of Bitcoin, released on August 1, 2017. Unlike Bitcoin, it has a block with a size of 8 Mb.
The cryptocurrency with an additional level of encryption. It is the most popular payment method in the Darknet, which is why it is often criticized, blamed for serving criminal actions.
A platform for payment systems oriented on currency exchange operations. The Ripple protocol, developed by the company of the same name in 2012, is popular in the banking sector.
Altcoin serving the blockchain which is targeted on serving transactions in the framework of the Internet of Things.
To sum up, there are thousands of different altcoins in the crypto world. Some of them succeeded and are now at the peak of popularity. Some projects passed into oblivion. Nowadays altcoins are not just alternative coins to Bitcoin, but the next stage in the evolution of cryptocurrencies. The level of BTC domination is falling down every year and new projects with improved technological solutions and audacious concept will come to the crypto market. Their number will continue to increase and attract more investors. In the near future, we will see new applications for altcoins and new opportunities that the blockchain technology offers.
Stealthex allows you to exchange up 200+ different coins. We are sure you will find the perfect match including most popular altcoins. Check out http://stealthex.io. It’s anonymous, limitless and the support team is always ready to assist you.
Like and share this article if you find it useful. Want more interesting articles on the crypto world? Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get Stealthex.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by Stealthex_io to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

What Are Altcoins?

In 2008 the first cryptocurrency – Bitcoin – was born. From this moment the era of cryptocurrencies began. For a long time, Bitcoin was a unique digital currency. But nowadays there are many other crypto coins, commonly known as altcoins. These coins have their own blockchains, miners, and wallets.
The term itself (Altcoin) is an abbreviation for alternative coin. Bitcoin is traditionally considered the first and the main coin. All others are Bitcoin alternatives are called altcoins. They appeared in the desire of developers to improve the existing Bitcoin code and remove the following limitations and disadvantages of the BTC blockchain network:
Bitcoin has a large volume of blocks, which slowly calculate the necessary operations. The main goal was to create new algorithms in order to speed up the transaction time.
The developers of BTC encrypted the transactions well, but there was still a possibility to track the sender and the recipient. So many new altcoins use additional encryption methods (like proof of work, a combination of hashing algorithms in series and hashing algorithms in parallel and so on).
Bitcoin mining constantly becomes more complicated and each time requires the use of more and more resources to form new blocks in the blockchain. Altcoins use other types of protocols that significantly simplify the mining process and do not require special equipment.
The primary task of Bitcoin is to be a tool for settlement transactions. Altcoins have other extra functions, for example, the creation of a smart contract.
Among the other reasons for the creation of altcoins is the need for technological innovation. Each alternative coin created carries certain know-how that is able to solve specific problems. Also in today's world, cryptocurrency trading has become an integral part of the financial world, so the more altcoins options there are — the more opportunities there are for the investments. Finally, most developers need access to the blockchain technology. First of all, they are interested in a reliable data transmission system and the safe storage of important business information. To access this technology, they need to use altcoins.
The very first altcoin was Namecoin. It was created in 2011 to replace the domain name system of BTC in a decentralized way. Later in 2011 Litecoin come out and suddenly the gateways of the crypto-universe burst out with endless altcoins. Today there are thousands of alternative coins. Pretty impressive, huh?
The main problem of new altcoins is the lack of information about them. Beware of so-called scam coins. These are altcoins designed purely to make a lucre of your investments. Scam coins are dumped as soon as someone puts their money into it. So before investing in altcoins check out their functionality, learn more about the developers and broad market support.
Here the list of most popular and promising altcoins that you should pay attention to:
Ethereum is second by capitalization after BTC. It has also been second by the price rate among all crypto coins for a long time. ETH was created in 2015 as a platform for the development of smart contracts. Nowadays, the major part of ICOs is conducted on this platform.
A fork of Bitcoin, released on August 1, 2017. Unlike Bitcoin, it has a block with a size of 8 Mb.
The cryptocurrency with an additional level of encryption. It is the most popular payment method in the Darknet, which is why it is often criticized, blamed for serving criminal actions.
A platform for payment systems oriented on currency exchange operations. The Ripple protocol, developed by the company of the same name in 2012, is popular in the banking sector.
Altcoin serving the blockchain which is targeted on serving transactions in the framework of the Internet of Things.
To sum up, there are thousands of different altcoins in the crypto world. Some of them succeeded and are now at the peak of popularity. Some projects passed into oblivion. Nowadays altcoins are not just alternative coins to Bitcoin, but the next stage in the evolution of cryptocurrencies. The level of BTC domination is falling down every year and new projects with improved technological solutions and audacious concept will come to the crypto market. Their number will continue to increase and attract more investors. In the near future, we will see new applications for altcoins and new opportunities that the blockchain technology offers.
Stealthex allows you to exchange up 200+ different coins. We are sure you will find the perfect match including most popular altcoins. Check out http://stealthex.io. It’s anonymous, limitless and the support team is always ready to assist you.
Like and share this article if you find it useful. Want more interesting articles on the crypto world? Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get Stealthex.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by Stealthex_io to u/Stealthex_io [link] [comments]

What Are Altcoins?

In 2008 the first cryptocurrency – Bitcoin – was born. From this moment the era of cryptocurrencies began. For a long time, Bitcoin was a unique digital currency. But nowadays there are many other crypto coins, commonly known as altcoins. These coins have their own blockchains, miners, and wallets.
The term itself (Altcoin) is an abbreviation for alternative coin. Bitcoin is traditionally considered the first and the main coin. All others are Bitcoin alternatives are called altcoins. They appeared in the desire of developers to improve the existing Bitcoin code and remove the following limitations and disadvantages of the BTC blockchain network:
Bitcoin has a large volume of blocks, which slowly calculate the necessary operations. The main goal was to create new algorithms in order to speed up the transaction time.
The developers of BTC encrypted the transactions well, but there was still a possibility to track the sender and the recipient. So many new altcoins use additional encryption methods (like proof of work, a combination of hashing algorithms in series and hashing algorithms in parallel and so on).
Bitcoin mining constantly becomes more complicated and each time requires the use of more and more resources to form new blocks in the blockchain. Altcoins use other types of protocols that significantly simplify the mining process and do not require special equipment.
The primary task of Bitcoin is to be a tool for settlement transactions. Altcoins have other extra functions, for example, the creation of a smart contract.
Among the other reasons for the creation of altcoins is the need for technological innovation. Each alternative coin created carries certain know-how that is able to solve specific problems. Also in today's world, cryptocurrency trading has become an integral part of the financial world, so the more altcoins options there are — the more opportunities there are for the investments. Finally, most developers need access to the blockchain technology. First of all, they are interested in a reliable data transmission system and the safe storage of important business information. To access this technology, they need to use altcoins.
The very first altcoin was Namecoin. It was created in 2011 to replace the domain name system of BTC in a decentralized way. Later in 2011 Litecoin come out and suddenly the gateways of the crypto-universe burst out with endless altcoins. Today there are thousands of alternative coins. Pretty impressive, huh?
The main problem of new altcoins is the lack of information about them. Beware of so-called scam coins. These are altcoins designed purely to make a lucre of your investments. Scam coins are dumped as soon as someone puts their money into it. So before investing in altcoins check out their functionality, learn more about the developers and broad market support.
Here the list of most popular and promising altcoins that you should pay attention to:
Ethereum is second by capitalization after BTC. It has also been second by the price rate among all crypto coins for a long time. ETH was created in 2015 as a platform for the development of smart contracts. Nowadays, the major part of ICOs is conducted on this platform.
A fork of Bitcoin, released on August 1, 2017. Unlike Bitcoin, it has a block with a size of 8 Mb.
The cryptocurrency with an additional level of encryption. It is the most popular payment method in the Darknet, which is why it is often criticized, blamed for serving criminal actions.
A platform for payment systems oriented on currency exchange operations. The Ripple protocol, developed by the company of the same name in 2012, is popular in the banking sector.
Altcoin serving the blockchain which is targeted on serving transactions in the framework of the Internet of Things.
To sum up, there are thousands of different altcoins in the crypto world. Some of them succeeded and are now at the peak of popularity. Some projects passed into oblivion. Nowadays altcoins are not just alternative coins to Bitcoin, but the next stage in the evolution of cryptocurrencies. The level of BTC domination is falling down every year and new projects with improved technological solutions and audacious concept will come to the crypto market. Their number will continue to increase and attract more investors. In the near future, we will see new applications for altcoins and new opportunities that the blockchain technology offers.
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The wilkelvoss are trying to make bitcoin legit according to esquire magazine

Every idea needs a face, even if the faces are illusory simplifications. The country you get is the president you get. The Yankees you get is the shortstop you get. Apple needed Jobs. ISIS needs al-Baghdadi. The moon shot belongs to Bezos. There's nothing under the Facebook sun that doesn't come back to Zuckerberg.
But there is, as yet, no face behind the bitcoin curtain. It's the currency you've heard about but haven't been able to understand. Still to this day nobody knows who created it. For most people, it has something to do with programmable cash and algorithms and the deep space of mathematics, but it also has something to do with heroin and barbiturates and the sex trade and bankruptcies, too. It has no face because it doesn't seem tangible or real. We might align it with an anarchist's riot mask or a highly conceptualized question mark, but those images truncate its reality. Certain economists say it's as important as the birth of the Internet, that it's like discovering ice. Others are sure that it's doomed to melt. In the political sphere, it is the darling of the cypherpunks and libertarians. When they're not busy ignoring it, it scares the living shit out of the big banks and credit-card companies.
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It sparked to life in 2008—when all the financial world prepared for itself the articulate noose—and it knocked on the door like some inconvenient relative arriving at the dinner party in muddy shoes and a knit hat. Fierce ideological battles are currently being waged among the people who own and shepherd the currency. Some shout, Ponzi scheme. Some shout, Gold dust. Bitcoin alone is worth billions of dollars, but the computational structure behind it—its blockchain and its sidechains—could become the absolute underpinning of the world's financial structure for decades to come.
What bitcoin has needed for years is a face to legitimize it, sanitize it, make it palpable to all the naysayers. But it has no Larry Ellison, no Elon Musk, no noticeable visionaries either with or without the truth. There's a lot of ideology at stake. A lot of principle and dogma and creed. And an awful lot of cash, too.
At 6:00 on a Wednesday winter morning, three months after launching Gemini, their bitcoin exchange, Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss step out onto Broadway in New York, wearing the same make of sneakers, the same type of shorts, their baseball caps turned backward. They don't quite fall into the absolute caricature of twindom: They wear different-colored tops. Still, it's difficult to tell them apart, where Tyler ends and Cameron begins. Their faces are sculpted from another era, as if they had stepped from the ruin of one of Gatsby's parties. Their eyes are quick and seldom land on anything for long. Now thirty-four, there is something boyishly earnest about them as they jog down Prince Street, braiding in and out of each other, taking turns talking, as if they were working in shifts, drafting off each other.
Forget, for a moment, the four things the Winklevosses are most known for: suing Mark Zuckerberg, their portrayal in The Social Network, rowing in the Beijing Olympics, and their overwhelming public twinness. Because the Winklevoss brothers are betting just about everything—including their past—on a fifth thing: They want to shake the soul of money out.
At the deep end of their lives, they are athletes. Rowers. Full stop. And the thing about rowing—which might also be the thing about bitcoin—is that it's just about impossible to get your brain around its complexity. Everyone thinks you're going to a picnic. They have this notion you're out catching butterflies. They might ask you if you've got your little boater's hat ready. But it's not like that at all. You're fifteen years old. You rise in the dark. You drag your carcass along the railroad tracks before dawn. The boathouse keys are cold to the touch. You undo the ropes. You carry a shell down to the river. The carbon fiber rips at your hands. You place the boat in the water. You slip the oars in the locks. You wait for your coach. Nothing more than a thumb of light in the sky. It's still cold and the river stinks. That heron hasn't moved since yesterday. You hear Coach's voice before you see him. On you go, lads. You start at a dead sprint. The left rib's a little sore, but you don't say a thing. You are all power and no weight. The first push-to-pull in the water is a ripping surprise. From the legs first. Through the whole body. The arc. Atomic balance. A calm waiting for the burst. Your chest burns, your thighs scald, your brain blanks. It feels as if your rib cage might shatter. You are stillness exploding. You catch the water almost without breaking the surface. Coach says something about the pole vault. You like him. You really do. That brogue of his. Lads this, lads that. Fire. Stamina. Pain. After two dozen strokes, it already feels like you're hitting the wall. All that glycogen gone. Nobody knows. Nobody. They can't even pronounce it. Rowing. Ro-wing. Roh-ing. You push again, then pull. You feel as if you are breaking branch after branch off the bottom of your feet. You don't rock. You don't jolt. Keep it steady. Left, right, left, right. The heron stays still. This river. You see it every day. Nothing behind you. Everything in front. You cross the line. You know the exact tree. Your chest explodes. Your knees are trembling. This is the way the world will end, not with a whimper but a bang. You lean over the side of the boat. Up it comes, the breakfast you almost didn't have. A sign of respect to the river. You lay back. Ah, blue sky. Some cloud. Some gray. Do it again, lads. Yes, sir. You row so hard you puke it up once more. And here comes the heron, it's moving now, over the water, here it comes, look at that thing glide.
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The Winklevoss twins in the men's pair final during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. GETTY There's plenty of gin and beer and whiskey in the Harrison Room in downtown Manhattan, but the Winklevoss brothers sip Coca-Cola. The room, one of many in the newly renovated Pier A restaurant, is all mahogany and lamplight. It is, in essence, a floating bar, jutting four hundred feet out into the Hudson River. From the window you can see the Statue of Liberty. It feels entirely like their sort of room, a Jazz Age expectation hovering around their initial appearance—tall, imposing, the hair mannered, the collars of their shirts slightly tilted—but then they just slide into their seats, tentative, polite, even introverted.
They came here by subway early on a Friday evening, and they lean back in their seats, a little wary, their eyes busy—as if they want to look beyond the rehearsal of their words.
They had the curse of privilege, but, as they're keen to note, a curse that was earned. Their father worked to pay his way at a tiny college in backwoods Pennsylvania coal country. He escaped the small mining town and made it all the way to a professorship at Wharton. He founded his own company and eventually created the comfortable upper-middle-class family that came with it. They were raised in Greenwich, Connecticut, the most housebroken town on the planet. They might have looked like the others in their ZIP code, and dressed like them, spoke like them, but they didn't quite feel like them. Some nagging feeling—close to anger, close to fear—lodged itself beneath their shoulders, not quite a chip but an ache. They wanted Harvard but weren't quite sure what could get them there. "You have to be basically the best in the world at something if you're coming from Greenwich," says Tyler. "Otherwise it's like, great, you have a 1600 SAT, you and ten thousand others, so what?"
The rowing was a means to an end, but there was also something about the boat that they felt allowed another balance between them. They pulled their way through high school, Cameron on the port-side oar, Tyler on the starboard. They got to Harvard. The Square was theirs. They rowed their way to the national championships—twice. They went to Oxford. They competed in the Beijing Olympics. They sucked up the smog. They came in sixth place. The cameras loved them. Girls, too. They were so American, sandy-haired, blue-eyed, they could have been cast in a John Cougar Mellencamp song.
It might all have been so clean-cut and whitebread except for the fact that—at one of the turns in the river—they got involved in the most public brawl in the whole of the Internet's nascent history.
They don't talk about it much anymore, but they know that it still defines them, not so much in their own minds but in the minds of others. The story seems simple on one level, but nothing is ever simple, not even simplification. Theirs was the original idea for the first social network, Harvard Connection. They hired Mark Zuckerberg to build it. Instead he went off and created Facebook. They sued him. They settled for $65 million. It was a world of public spats and private anguish. Rumors and recriminations. A few years later, dusty old pre-Facebook text messages were leaked online by Silicon Alley Insider: "Yeah, I'm going to fuck them," wrote Zuckerberg to a friend. "Probably in the ear." The twins got their money, but then they believed they were duped again by an unfairly low evaluation of their stock. They began a second round of lawsuits for $180 million. There was even talk about the Supreme Court. It reeked of opportunism. But they wouldn't let it go. In interviews, they came across as insolent and splenetic, tossing their rattles out of the pram. It wasn't about the money, they said at the time, it was about fairness, reality, justice. Most people thought it was about some further agile fuckery, this time in Zuckerberg's ear.
There are many ways to tell the story, but perhaps the most penetrating version is that they weren't screwed so much by Zuckerberg as they were by their eventual portrayal in the film version of their lives. They appeared querulous and sulky, exactly the type of characters that America, peeling off the third-degree burns of the great recession, needed to hate. While the rest of the country worried about mounting debt and vanishing jobs, they were out there drinking champagne from, at the very least, Manolo stilettos. The truth would never get in the way of a good story. In Aaron Sorkin's world, and on just about every Web site, the blueblood trust-fund boys got what was coming to them. And the best thing now was for them to take their Facebook money and turn the corner, quickly, away, down toward whatever river would whisk them away.
Armie Hammer brilliantly portrayed them as the bluest of bloods in The Social Network. When the twins are questioned about those times now, they lean back a little in their seats, as if they've just lost a long race, a little perplexed that they came off as the victims of Hollywood's ability to throw an image, while the whole rip-roaring regatta still goes on behind them. "They put us in a box," says Cameron, "caricatured to a point where we didn't really exist." He glances around the bar, drums his finger against the glass. "That's fair enough. I understand that impulse." They smart a little when they hear Zuckerberg's name. "I don't think Mark liked being called an asshole," says Tyler, with a flick of bluster in his eyes, but then he catches himself. "You know, maybe Mark doesn't care. He's a bit of a statesman now, out there connecting the world. I have nothing against him. He's a smart guy."
These are men who've been taught, or have finally taught themselves, to tell their story rather than be told by it. But underneath the calm—just like underneath the boat—one can sense the churn.
They say the word—ath-letes—as if it were a country where pain is the passport. One of the things the brothers mention over and over again is that you can spontaneously crack a rib while rowing, just from the sheer exertion of the muscles hauling on the rib cage.
Along came bitcoin.
At its most elemental, bitcoin is a virtual currency. It's the sort of thing a five-year-old can understand—It's just e-cash, Mom—until he reaches eighteen and he begins to question the deep future of what money really means. It is a currency without government. It doesn't need a banker. It doesn't need a bank. It doesn't even need a brick to be built upon. Its supporters say that it bypasses the Man. It is less than a decade old and it has already come through its own Wild West, a story rooted in uncharted digital territory, up from the dust, an evening redness in the arithmetical West.
These are men who've been taught, or have finally taught themselves, to tell their story rather than be told by it. Bitcoin appeared in 2008—westward ho!—a little dot on the horizon of the Internet. It was the brainchild of a computer scientist named Satoshi Nakamoto. The first sting in the tale is that—to this very day—nobody knows who Nakamoto is, where he lives, or how much of his own invention he actually owns. He could be Californian, he could be Australian, he could even be a European conglomerate, but it doesn't really matter, since what he created was a cryptographic system that is borderless and supposedly unbreakable.
In the beginning the currency was ridiculed and scorned. It was money created from ones and zeros. You either bought it or you had to "mine" for it. If you were mining, your computer was your shovel. Any nerd could do it. You keyed your way in. By using your computer to help check and confirm the bitcoin transactions of others, you made coin. Everyone in this together. The computer heated up and mined, down down down, into the mathematical ground, lifting up numbers, making and breaking camp every hour or so until you had your saddlebags full of virtual coin. It all seemed a bit of a lark at first. No sheriff, no deputy, no central bank. The only saloon was a geeky chat room where a few dozen bitcoiners gathered to chew data.
Lest we forget, money was filthy in 2008.
The collapse was coming. The banks were shorting out. The real estate market was a confederacy of dunces. Bernie Madoff's shadow loomed. Occupy was on the horizon. And all those Wall Street yahoos were beginning to squirm.
Along came bitcoin like some Jesse James of the financial imagination. It was the biggest disruption of money since coins. Here was an idea that could revolutionize the financial world. A communal articulation of a new era. Fuck American Express. Fuck Western Union. Fuck Visa. Fuck the Fed. Fuck the Treasury. Fuck the deregulated thievery of the twenty-first century.
To the earliest settlers, bitcoin suggested a moral way out. It was a money created from the ground up, a currency of the people, by the people, for the people, with all government control extinguished. It was built on a solid base of blockchain technology where everyone participated in the protection of the code. It attracted anarchists, libertarians, whistle-blowers, cypherpunks, economists, extropians, geeks, upstairs, downstairs, left-wing, right-wing. Sure, it could be used by businesses and corporations, but it could also be used by poor people and immigrants to send money home, instantly, honestly, anonymously, without charge, with a click of the keyboard. Everyone in the world had access to your transaction, but nobody had to know your name. It bypassed the suits. All you needed to move money was a phone or a computer. It was freedom of economic action, a sort of anarchy at its democratic best, no rulers, just rules.
Bitcoin, to the original explorers, was a safe pass through the government-occupied valleys: Those assholes were up there in the hills, but they didn't have any scopes on their rifles, and besides, bitcoin went through in communal wagons at night.
Ordinary punters took a shot. Businesses, too. You could buy silk ties in Paris without any extra bank charges. You could protect your money in Buenos Aires without fear of a government grab.
The Winklevoss twins leave the U.S. Court of Appeals in 2011, after appearing in court to ask that the previous settlement case against Facebook be voided. GETTY But freedom can corrupt as surely as power. It was soon the currency that paid for everything illegal under the sun, the go-to money of the darknet. The westward ho! became the outlaw territory of Silk Road and beyond. Heroin through the mail. Cocaine at your doorstep. Child porn at a click. What better way for terrorists to ship money across the world than through a network of anonymous computers? Hezbollah, the Taliban, the Mexican cartels. In Central America, kidnappers began demanding ransom in bitcoin—there was no need for the cash to be stashed under a park bench anymore. Now everything could travel down the wire. Grab, gag, and collect. Uranium could be paid for in bitcoin. People, too. The sex trade was turned on: It was a perfect currency for Madame X. For the online gambling sites, bitcoin was pure jackpot.
For a while, things got very shady indeed. Over a couple years, the rate pinballed between $10 and $1,200 per bitcoin, causing massive waves and troughs of online panic and greed. (In recent times, it has begun to stabilize between $350 and $450.) In 2014, it was revealed that hackers had gotten into the hot wallet of Mt. Gox, a bitcoin exchange based in Tokyo. A total of 850,000 coins were "lost," at an estimated value of almost half a billion dollars. The founder of Silk Road, Ross William Ulbricht (known as "Dread Pirate Roberts"), got himself a four-by-six room in a federal penitentiary for life, not to mention pending charges for murder-for-hire in Maryland.
Everyone thought that bitcoin was the problem. The fact of the matter was, as it so often is, human nature was the problem. Money means desire. Desire means temptation. Temptation means that people get hurt.
During the first Gold Rush in the late 1840s, the belief was that all you needed was a pan and a decent pair of boots and a good dose of nerve and you could go out and make yourself a riverbed millionaire. Even Jack London later fell for the lure of it alongside thousands of others: the western test of manhood and the promise of wealth. What they soon found out was that a single egg could cost twenty-five of today's dollars, a pound of coffee went for a hundred, and a night in a whorehouse could set you back $6,000.
A few miners hit pay dirt, but what most ended up with for their troubles was a busted body and a nasty dose of syphilis.
The gold was discovered on the property of John Sutter in Sacramento, but the one who made the real cash was a neighboring merchant, Samuel Brannan. When Brannan heard the news of the gold nuggets, he bought up all the pickaxes and shovels he could find, filled a quinine bottle with gold dust, and went to San Francisco. Word went around like a prayer in a flash flood: gold gold gold. Brannan didn't wildcat for gold himself, but at the peak of the rush he was flogging $5,000 worth of shovels a day—that's $155,000 today—and went on to become the wealthiest man in California, alongside the Wells Fargo crew, Levi Strauss, and the Studebaker family, who sold wheelbarrows.
If you comb back through the Winklevoss family, you will find a great-grandfather and a great-great-grandfather who knew a thing or two about digging: They worked side by side in the coal mines of Pennsylvania. They didn't go west and they didn't get rich, but maybe the lesson became part of their DNA: Sometimes it's the man who sells the shovels who ends up hitting gold.
Like it or not—and many people don't like it—the Winklevoss brothers are shaping up to be the Samuel Brannans of the bitcoin world.
Nine months after being portrayed in The Social Network, the Winklevoss twins were back out on the water at the World Rowing Cup. CHRISTOPHER LEE/GETTY They heard about it first poolside in Ibiza, Spain. Later it would play into the idea of ease and privilege: umbrella drinks and girls in bikinis. But if the creation myth was going to be flippant, the talk was serious. "I'd say we were cautious, but we were definitely intrigued," says Cameron. They went back home to New York and began to read. There was something about it that got under their skin. "We knew that money had been so broken and inefficient for years," says Tyler, "so bitcoin appealed to us right away."
They speak in braided sentences, catching each other, reassuring themselves, tightening each other's ideas. They don't quite want to say that bitcoin looked like something that might be redemptive—after all, they, like everyone else, were looking to make money, lots of it, Olympic-sized amounts—but they say that it did strike an idealistic chord inside them. They certainly wouldn't be cozying up to the anarchists anytime soon, but this was a global currency that, despite its uncertainties, seemed to present a solution to some of the world's more pressing problems. "It was borderless, instantaneous, irreversible, decentralized, with virtually no transaction costs," says Tyler. It could possibly cut the banks out, and it might even take the knees out from under the credit-card companies. Not only that, but the price, at just under ten dollars per coin, was in their estimation low, very low. They began to snap it up.
They were aware, even at the beginning, that they might, once again, be called Johnny-come-latelys, just hopping blithely on the bandwagon—it was 2012, already four years into the birth of the currency—but they went ahead anyway, power ten. Within a short time they'd spent $11 million buying up a whopping 1 percent of the world's bitcoin, a position they kept up as more bitcoins were mined, making their 1 percent holding today worth about $66 million.
But bitcoin was flammable. The brothers felt the burn quickly. Their next significant investment came later that year, when they gave $1.5 million in venture funding to a nascent exchange called BitInstant. Within a year the CEO was arrested for laundering drug money through the exchange.
So what were a pair of smart, clean-cut Olympic rowers doing hanging around the edges of something so apparently shady, and what, if anything, were they going to do about it?
They mightn't have thought of it this way, but there was something of the sheriff striding into town, the one with the swagger and the scar, glancing up at the balconies as he comes down Main Street, all tumbleweeds and broken pianos. This place was a dump in most people's eyes, but the sheriff glimpsed his last best shot at finally getting the respect he thinks he deserves.
The money shot: A good stroke will catch the water almost without breaking its seal. You stir without rippling. Your silence is sinewy. There's muscle in that calm. The violence catches underneath, thrusts the boat along. Stroke after stroke. Just keep going. Today's truth dies tomorrow. What you have to do is elemental enough. You row without looking behind you. You keep the others in front of you. As long as you can see what they're doing, it's all in your hands. You are there to out-pain them. Doesn't matter who they are, where they come from, how they got here. Know your enemy through yourself. Push through toward pull. Find the still point of this pain. Cut a melody in the disk of your flesh. The only terror comes when they pass you—if they ever pass you.
There are no suits or ties, but there is a white hum in the offices of Gemini in the Flatiron District. The air feels as if it has been brushed clean. There is something so everywhereabout the place. Ergonomic chairs. iPhone portals. Rows of flickering computers. Not so much a hush around the room as a quiet expectation. Eight, nine people. Programmers, analysts, assistants. Other employees—teammates, they call them—dialing in from Portland, Oregon, and beyond.
The brothers fire up the room when they walk inside. A fist-pump here, a shoulder touch there. At the same time, there is something almost shy about them. Apart, they seem like casual visitors to the space they inhabit. It is when they're together that they feel fully shaped. One can't imagine them being apart from each other for very long.
The Winklevoss twins speak onstage at Bitcoin! Let's Cut Through the Noise Already at SXSW in 2016. GETTY They move from desk to desk. The price goes up, the price goes down. The phones ring. The e-mails beep. Customer-service calls. Questions about fees. Inquiries about tax structures.
Gemini was started in late 2015 as a next-generation bitcoin exchange. It is not the first such exchange in the world by any means, but it is one of the most watched. The company is designed with ordinary investors in mind, maybe a hedge fund, maybe a bank: all those people who used to be confused or even terrified by the word bitcoin. It is insured. It is clean. What's so fascinating about this venture is that the brothers are risking themselves by trying to eliminate risk: keeping the boat steady and exploding through it at the same time.
It is when they're together that they feel fully shaped. One can't imagine them being apart from each other for very long. For the past couple years, the Winklevosses have worked closely with just about every compliance agency imaginable. They ticked off all the regulatory boxes. Essentially they wanted to ease all the Debting Thomases. They put regulatory frameworks in place. Security and bankability and insurance were their highest objectives. Nobody was going to be able to blow open the safe. They wanted to soothe all the appetites for risk. They told Bitcoin Magazine they were asking for "permission, not forgiveness."
This is where bitcoin can become normal—that is, if you want bitcoin to be normal.
Just a mile or two down the road, in Soho, a half dozen bitcoiners gather at a meetup. The room is scruffy, small, boxy. A half mannequin is propped on a table, a scarf draped around it. It's the sort of place that twenty years ago would have been full of cigarette smoke. There's a bit of Allen Ginsberg here, a touch of Emma Goldman, a lot of Zuccotti Park. The wine is free and the talk is loose. These are the true believers. They see bitcoin in its clearest possible philosophical terms—the frictionless currency of the people, changing the way people move money around the world, bypassing the banks, disrupting the status quo.
A comedy show is being run out in the backyard. A scruffy young man wanders in and out, announcing over and over again that he is half-baked. A well-dressed Asian girl sidles up to the bar. She looks like she's just stepped out of an NYU business class. She's interested in discovering what bitcoin is. She is regaled by a series of convivial answers. The bartender tells her that bitcoin is a remaking of the prevailing power structures. The girl asks for another glass of wine. The bartender adds that bitcoin is democracy, pure and straight. She nods and tells him that the wine tastes like cooking oil. He laughs and says it wasn't bought with bitcoin. "I don't get it," she says. And so the evening goes, presided over by Margaux Avedisian, who describes herself as the queen of bitcoin. Avedisian, a digital-currency consultant of Armenian descent, is involved in several high-level bitcoin projects. She has appeared in documentaries and on numerous panels. She is smart, sassy, articulate.
When the talk turns to the Winklevoss brothers, the bar turns dark. Someone, somewhere, reaches up to take all the oxygen out of the air. Avedisian leans forward on the counter, her eyes shining, delightful, raged.
"The Winklevii are not the face of bitcoin," she says. "They're jokes. They don't know what they're saying. Nobody in our community respects them. They're so one-note. If you look at their exchange, they have no real volume, they never will. They keep throwing money at different things. Nobody cares. They're not part of us. They're just hangers-on."
"Ah, they're just assholes," the bartender chimes in.
"What they want to do," says Avedisian, "is lobotomize bitcoin, make it into something entirely vapid. They have no clue."
The Asian girl leaves without drinking her third glass of free wine. She's got a totter in her step. She doesn't quite get the future of money, but then again maybe very few in the world do.
Giving testimony on bitcoin licensing before the New York State Department of Financial Services in 2014. LUCAS JACKSON/REUTERS The future of money might look like this: You're standing on Oxford Street in London in winter. You think about how you want to get to Charing Cross Road. The thought triggers itself through electrical signals into the chip embedded in your wrist. Within a moment, a driverless car pulls up on the sensor-equipped road. The door opens. You hop in. The car says hello. You tell it to shut up. It does. It already knows where you want to go. It turns onto Regent Street. You think,A little more air-conditioning, please. The vents blow. You think, Go a little faster, please. The pace picks up. You think, This traffic is too heavy, use Quick(TM). The car swings down Glasshouse Street. You think, Pay the car in front to get out of my way. It does. You think, Unlock access to a shortcut. The car turns down Sherwood Street to Shaftsbury Avenue. You pull in to Charing Cross. You hop out. The car says goodbye. You tell it to shut up again. You run for the train and the computer chip in your wrist pays for the quiet-car ticket for the way home.
All of these transactions—the air-conditioning, the pace, the shortcut, the bribe to get out of the way, the quick lanes, the ride itself, the train, maybe even the "shut up"—will cost money. As far as crypto-currency enthusiasts think, it will be paid for without coins, without phones, without glass screens, just the money coming in and going out of your preprogrammed wallet embedded beneath your skin.
The Winklevosses are betting that the money will be bitcoin. And that those coins will flow through high-end, corporate-run exchanges like Gemini rather than smoky SoHo dives.
Cameron leans across a table in a New York diner, the sort of place where you might want to polish your fork just in case, and says: "The future is here, it's just not evenly distributed yet." He can't remember whom the quote belongs to, but he freely acknowledges that it's not his own. Theirs is a truculent but generous intelligence, capable of surprise and turn at the oddest of moments. They talk meditation, they talk economics, they talk Van Halen, they talk, yes, William Gibson, but everything comes around again to bitcoin.
"The key to all this is that people aren't even going to know that they're using bitcoin," says Tyler. "It's going to be there, but it's not going to be exposed to the end user. Bitcoin is going to be the rails that underpin our payment systems. It's just like an IP address. We don't log on to a series of numbers, 115.425.5 or whatever. No, we log on to Google.com. In the same way, bitcoin is going to be disguised. There will be a body kit that makes it user-friendly. That's what makes bitcoin a kick-ass currency."
Any fool can send a billion dollars across the world—as long as they have it, of course—but it's virtually impossible to send a quarter unless you stick it in an envelope and pay forty-nine cents for a stamp. It's one of the great ironies of our antiquated money system. And yet the quark of the financial world is essentially the small denomination. What bitcoin promises is that it will enable people and businesses to send money in just about any denomination to one another, anywhere in the world, for next to nothing. A public address, a private key, a click of the mouse, and the money is gone.
A Bitcoin conference in New York City in 2014. GETTY This matters. This matters a lot. Credit-card companies can't do this. Neither can the big banks under their current systems. But Marie-Louise on the corner of Libertador Avenue can. And so can Pat Murphy in his Limerick housing estate. So can Mark Andreessen and Bill Gates and Laurene Powell Jobs. Anyone can do it, anywhere in the world, at virtually no charge.
You can do it, in fact, from your phone in a diner in New York. But the whole time they are there—over identical California omelettes that they order with an ironic shrug—they never once open their phones. They come across more like the talkative guys who might buy you a drink at the sports bar than the petulants ordering bottle service in the VIP corner. The older they get, the more comfortable they seem in their contradictions: the competition, the ease; the fame, the quiet; the gamble, the sure thing.
Bitcoin is what might eventually make them among the richest men in America. And yet. There is always a yet. What seems indisputable about the future of money, to the Winklevosses and other bitcoin adherents, is that the technology that underpins bitcoin—the blockchain—will become one of the fundamental tenets of how we deal with the world of finance. Blockchain is the core computer code. It's open source and peer to peer—in other words, it's free and open to you and me. Every single bitcoin transaction ever made goes to an open public ledger. It would take an unprecedented 51 percent attack—where one entity would come to control more than half of the computing power used to mine bitcoin—for hackers to undo it. The blockchain is maintained by computers all around the world, and its future sidechains will create systems that deal with contracts and stock and other payments. These sidechains could very well be the foundation of the new global economy for the big banks, the credit-card companies, and even government itself.
"It's boundless," says Cameron.
This is what the brothers are counting on—and what might eventually make them among the richest men in America.
And yet. There is always a yet.
When you delve into the world of bitcoin, it gets deeper, darker, more mysterious all the time. Why has its creator remained anonymous? Why did he drop off the face of the earth? How much of it does he own himself? Will banks and corporations try to bring the currency down? Why are there really only five developers with full "commit access" to the code (not the Winklevosses, by the way)? Who is really in charge of the currency's governance?
Perhaps the most pressing issue at hand is that of scaling, which has caused what amounts to a civil war among followers. A maximum block size of one megabyte has been imposed on the chain, sort of like a built-in artificial dampener to keep bitcoin punk rock. That's not nearly enough capacity for the number of transactions that would take place in future visions. In years to come, there could be massive backlogs and outages that could create instant financial panic. Bitcoin's most influential leaders are haggling over what will happen. Will bitcoin maintain its decentralized status, or will it go legit and open up to infinite transactions? And if it goes legit, where's the punk?
The issues are ongoing—and they might very well take bitcoin down, but the Winklevosses don't think so. They have seen internal disputes before. They've refrained from taking a public stance mostly because they know that there are a lot of other very smart people in bitcoin who are aware that crisis often builds consensus. "We're in this for the long haul," says Tyler. "We're the first batter in the first inning."
GILLIAN LAUB The waiter comes across and asks them, bizarrely, if they're twins. They nod politely. Who was born first? They've heard it a million times and their answer is always the same: Neither of them—they were born cesarean. Cameron looks older, says the waiter. Tyler grins. Normally it's the other way around, says Cameron, grinning back. Do you ever fight? asks the waiter. Every now and then, they say. But not over this, not over the future.
Heraclitus was wrong. You can, in fact, step in the same river twice. In the beginning you went to the shed. No electricity there, no heat, just a giant tub where you simulated the river. You could only do eleven strokes. But there was something about the repetition, the difference, even the monotony, that hooked you. After a while it wasn't an abandoned shed anymore. College gyms, national training centers. Bigger buildings. High ceilings. AC. Doctors and trainers. Monitors hooked up to your heart, your head, your blood. Six foot five, but even then you were not as tall as the other guys. You liked the notion of underdog. Everyone called you the opposite. The rich kids. The privileged ones. To hell with that. They don't know us, who we are, where we came from. Some of the biggest chips rest on the shoulders of those with the least to lose. Six foot five times two makes just about thirteen feet. You sit in the erg and you stare ahead. Day in, day out. One thousand strokes, two thousand. You work with the very best. You even train with the Navy SEALs. It touches that American part of you. The sentiment, the false optimism. When the oil fields are burning, you even think, I'll go there with them. But you stay in the boat. You want that other flag rising. That's what you aim for. You don't win but you get close. Afterward there are planes, galas, regattas, magazine spreads, but you always come back to that early river. The cold. The fierceness. The heron. Like it or not, you're never going to get off the water—that's just the fact of the matter, it's always going to be there. Hard to admit it, but once you were wrong. You got out of the boat and you haggled over who made it. You lost that one, hard. You might lose this one, too, but then again it just might be the original arc that you're stepping toward. So you return, then. You rise before dark. You drag your carcass along Broadway before dawn.
All the rich men in the world want to get shot into outer space. Richard Branson. Jeff Bezos. Elon Musk. The new explorers. To get the hell out of here and see if they—and maybe we—can exist somewhere else for a while. It's the story of the century. We want to know if the pocket of the universe can be turned inside out. We're either going to bring all the detritus of the world upward with us or we're going to find a brand-new way to exist. The cynical say that it's just another form of colonization—they're probably right, but then again maybe it's our only way out.
The Winklevosses have booked their tickets—numbers 700 and 701—on Branson's Virgin Galactic. Although they go virtually everywhere together, the twins want to go on different flights because of the risk involved: Now that they're in their mid-thirties, they can finally see death, or at least its rumor. It's a boy's adventure, but it's also the outer edge of possibility. It cost a quarter of a million dollars per seat, and they paid for it, yes, in bitcoin.
Of course, up until recently, the original space flights all splashed down into the sea. One of the ships that hauled the Gemini space capsule out of the water in 1965 was the Intrepid aircraft carrier.
The Winklevosses no longer pull their boat up the river. Instead they often run five miles along the Hudson to the Intrepid and back. The destroyer has been parked along Manhattan's West Side for almost as long as they have been alive. It's now a museum. The brothers like the boat, its presence, its symbolism: Intrepid, Gemini, the space shot.
They ease into the run.
submitted by thegrandknight to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

r/bitcoin recap - June 2017

Hi Bitcoiners!
I’m back with the sixth monthly Bitcoin news recap. I'm also wondering where exactly June went, but that's a personal matter I'll have to look into.
For those unfamiliar with the monthly recap, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month.
You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com
If you're on mobile and can't see the links below, check the web version.
A recap of Bitcoin in June 2017
Thanks to all the people who are working hard at making Bitcoin a success. To everyone else, hang in there, we'll have SegWit soon with hopefully as little drama as possible.
submitted by SamWouters to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The intelligent investors guide to cryptocurrency: Part 2 - FOMO My friend, My enemy. Make fear of missing out, work for you.

Introductions: I'm joskye. A cryptocurrency investor and holder.
 
...
 
FOMO. Fear of missing out.
 
So I told you about my biggest early success which turned into a mistake. Now I'll tell you of my biggest early mistake which I turned into lots of little successes.
 
Bitcoin.
 
At the time I re-entered cryptocurrency scene I put $6.4k into ETH. The story of what happened there was told in part 1.
 
Well the other thing is I believed a bitcoin breakout was occurring. I watched it unfold right in front of my eyes.
 
Around mid May 2016 when I decided now is the time to get into cryptocurrency I thought; "lets not put all my eggs in one basket. ETH may not go up for whatever reason".
 
 
I said to myself. "Nah, it's too expensive now. It's not going to go up further".
 
 
FUCK. It's $685 now... I have to buy. It'll keep going up! But it's so expensive now I wont put too much in. 1 bitcoin bought.
 
 
It's going to break the $1200 high. I don't know why it's going up. Something about China and Brexit in the cryptopress. I don't fully understand it but I see a trend... It'll keep going.
 
 
I read some vague bitcoin 2016 price predictions going as high as $5000 - No reasons given but it gives me hope and makes me complacent.
 
 
SHIT. No hold. This is just a stall, it'll keep going up!
 
 
Oh shit.
 
 
...
 
FOMO. I hope this story demonstrates it nicely. This is the psychology of the uneducated trader. The guy who doesn't live by the minute staring at the charts. The lazy guy who doesn't learn about trader psychology, ignores the mainstream news cycle, has bad press sources and listens to endless noise without filtering it out to find out the real factors that drive price rises and falls.
 
The market is mostly irrational until you realise how rationale it is (i.e. you learn what factors make it tick).
 
Every subsequent lesson is used to address FOMO.
 
 
Greed is good - it got you here. Greed is bad; it can ruin you.
 
You need enough greed to make the jump, and to make it early and fearlessly. That's how you make the most out of other people's FOMO.
 
...
 
FOMO can be good... It can be bad
 
I have made 5 significant trades based off FOMO in my early days of trading. 3 of them went bad. 2 of them went good. Lets analyse them:
 
-NAVcoin-
 
-My friend told me about the NAV. I didn't really understand it. I read the website and whitepaper and felt unimpressed. The price was up though so I bought some anyway. I bought close to the peak price at 0.000097btc/NAV, held it a few days before it corrected to 0.000089btc/NAV. I should have sold it immediately.
 
-Synereo AMP-
 
 
Can you see the mistakes I made there? All noob errors, assumptions and emotional hopium ignoring my wilful ignorance and lack of underlying belief. Thank god I hadn't bought more and placed FOMO money only in proportion to my belief in the project it was representing i.e. here I spent very little of my total capital pool in cryptocurrency.
 
-XAURUM-
 
 
-MONERO/XMR-
 
 
-Shadowcash-
-Once again, I got really lucky. I was in the right place at the right time.
 
...
 
Lessons: