@gpuhot: RT @bitcoin_v: Over the last 10 hours, https://t.co/HTjXVj9BGj pool was able to mine 2.5 MILLION BTCV! Other pools only managed to mine between 50 and 400 BTCV. This was due to a large hashrate combined with a multiplier of x512.
10-02 17:53 - 'Good news for all Bitcoin traders and experts. / Do you have Bitcoin? Are you interested in multiplying your BTC? earn 10% to 180% of your investment on a daily basis without stress. [link] is new and safest mining comp...' by /u/fangjonaschen removed from /r/Bitcoin within 354-364min
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The "Bitcoin Essentials" book says that CPU/GPU mining wasn't profitable (enough) at the time of writing in Jan16. Since the price has multiplied since then, and since BTC is supposed to have long term growth... doesn't this imply that it is still profitable in the long term to mine vi /r/Bitcoin
So bitcoin can pretty much do what gold does, except it uses energy to transport or keep track of it. Let’s assume we replaced Gold with bitcoin, since its ability to be used as a currency is pretty much as useful as Gold, if not more. Let’s also assume that the market cap of Gold is $10.5 trillion. If bitcoin replaced Gold and took its market cap, then bitcoin could be priced at $500,000 per Bitcoin in which there are 21,000,000 bitcoins mined. Even higher if there are less. Now of course market cap is calculated usually in reverse where you take the unit price and multiply it by the amount of unit. But this is just a thought experiment for what the bitcoin price would be at a reasonable market cap in the future. In my eyes, i can see this being as valuable as the Gold market.
The current situation in crypto mining and crypto market
The March drop in the cost of bitcoin to a minimum of $ 3800 and the upcoming halving forced the manufacturers of mining devices to reduce the price of their products. In some cases, the equipment for mining has become cheaper by more than 20%. Most ASIC miners have already decreased in price since the end of last year, as they are valued based on the fact that the buyer will need an average of 15 months to return on their investment. Manufacturers adjust the cost of their devices based on this payback period in accordance with the bitcoin market rate and network complexity. The situation was complicated by the halving in Bitcoin price, which will take place in May. The reward for the mined block in the bitcoin network was reduced by half, as a result, most devices became less profitable. Earlier, Coin Metrics analysts said that many miners “capitulate” after the bitcoin halving. Experts said that current cryptocurrency price levels are “almost certainly” below the breakeven point for the least efficient miners. However, when this cycle ends, the industry should return to a healthier state, which, in turn, will positively affect the future growth of the value of the cryptocurrency. Thus, mining became less profitable. However, if you realize that decentralized cryptocurrency is the future and you want to earn, you know what you need to do. Trade. Not only trading is a viable option, but also it is much more profitable than mining. SwapZilla brings together all exchanges, all tokens, all news streams, and all tools. SwapZilla gives everybody a opportunity to effectively interact and exchange information and data. Through our platform, users will be able to:
get convenient access to the widest possible range of crypto assets;
crypto exchanges will be able to multiply their client base and get additional sources of income.
Here's just an overly-simplified BTC comparison (not by any means an accurate prediction)
Would like to preface this with: I did this for absolutely no reason other than personal enjoyment out of the numbers & comparisons to things such as the DotCom period & FB. This is by no means a price prediction of mine. Just pure fun with numbers and time. With that said, enjoy. World Population (W.P henceforth) = 7.8B people59% of W.P is online (using internet) = 4.6B people1% of W.P = 78M people.33% of W.P Use BTC (semi-actively) = 25M people Price currently @ $9,000 for .33% BTC Price @ $27,000 for 1% W.P users of BTC ($9K price at .33% * 3 - NOTE:this is 75-78M people using BTC) If 1/4th of the people who use the internet, used BTC, price estimate becomes:$405,000per coin(based on the W.P percentage & price, multiplied by the above factors again). BTC Price @ $405,000 for 25% of internet users using BTC (which totals 1.15B people). Facebook currently has 2.6B active monthly users (as of first quarter 2020). 25%of internet users using BTC is less than half of Facebook's active monthly user count. Recap: the $405k price point is based on 14.75% of the W.P semi-actively using bitcoin. That is 1/4th of the amount of current people using the internet, which sits at 59% of world population. From current price to projected price would be a +4,500% increase BTC historically has seen the following: Last 5 years - +3,757% increase Last 9 Years - +141,911% increase It took 10 Years from0.4% of W.P to 15% to adopt internet. Tech now moves at a much faster pace, the following is also true: It then took only 6 Years from 15% of W.P to 30%to adopt internet. Infrastructure is now already in place for BTC to operate in - unlike when the internet was established. Now just for fun: What if 100% of W.P online used BTC? (Considering zero growth in this number over whatever time period this occupies) = $1,620,000 per BTC(based on the same metrics outlined above)
Grayscale GBTC BTC Holdings Still Increasing in April
So I have been following GBTC as a way to gauge institutional interest in BTC. In Q1 2020, Grayscale attracted $500 million while in all of 2019 it attracted $600 million. https://sports.yahoo.com/grayscale-says-raised-record-500m-130346543.html I also follow the Grayscale twitter which updates each day it's Assets under management (AUM). From there, I believe you can calculate how much BTC it holds by dividing the AUM by the holdings per share and then multiplying it to account for each share equaling .0001 BTC. https://twitter.com/GrayscaleInvest From that I put together this spreadsheet: https://preview.redd.it/1tiap7k9wlv41.png?width=697&format=png&auto=webp&s=9089c248c69db2177ab76348ec5374a007a5a68e What is interesting to me is that from Nov-Dec 31, 2019, the holdings of BTC only went up by 56. However each month in 2020 GBTC has increased it's BTC holdings by at least 9k a month, including April (from 315k to 324k). I expected April BTC holdings to go down as funds liquidated but that doesn't seem to have happened. This next picture shows the % of newly mined BTC Grayscale bought in 2020. Assuming demand stays the same, Grayscale will be buying at least 40% of newly minted BTC. Just one entity that doesn't include exchanges, rich people, etc. https://preview.redd.it/thoxz7yiwlv41.png?width=561&format=png&auto=webp&s=536aed4fe53dea1aed04c886a33a9e08a4b530f7 So from this information, it seems like an easy supply/demand problem. If demand stays the same, supply gets cut in half, price should go up. And I feel like Covid-19 has accelerated the interest in bitcoin as central banks around the world have started printing to infinity and beyond. Not sure if I made a mistake analyzing this information so any other opinions would be helpful. Just something I put together real quick that I thought was interesting and makes me think bitcoin is attracting strong interest still.
Typical Bitcoin forks have a couple of issues Frail security: Double spends On the off chance that the fork utilizes a similar evidence of work, or mining equipment, it's inconsequential for diggers from the bigger unique venture to assault it. Medium BitcoinHEX utilizes the very much tried ERC20 standard to keep away from any of these issues. Powerless advancement: Fewer engineers In principle, a bigger network of engineers will attempt more cool things and complete in excess of a littler network. BitcoinHEX by being an ERC20 token gets full favorable position of the biggest pool of designers in crypto (Ethereum engineers), and the entirety of the cool new innovations they make, for example, appropriated trades, nuclear swaps, and so forth Poor motivator arrangement: Free riders You and your cooperation difficult to make something new and cool, to have a whale wake up one day and glimmer crash the market on you. Why? Free loaders suck. BitcoinHEX "We're all Satoshi" include which gives every unclaimed coin to individuals that claimed at 2% per week more than 50 weeks implies that in under a year, just genuinely invested individuals will hold the token. Out of line dissemination Should the person that lives in china with free power and about free work accessible get most of all the recently stamped coins (expansion)? While expanding centralization, and not wanting to haggle with the journalists of the product they run (center designers.) BitcoinHEX is genuinely circulated to those that advance it through: the 5% referral hold it, through staking, or on the other hand help get the undertaking to minimum amount and appropriation (rewards for cases and guarantee size.) The rich getting more extravagant unreasonably Trades and assets reward themselves while offering nothing to the little folks whose Bitcoin they should be in guardianship of. Trades are something contrary to what Bitcoin was made for. Distributed money. Not companion to trade to peer money. They're large security openings that have l ost a large number of dollars of client reserves. Whales asserting BitcoinHEX are punished 50-75% on the grounds that who actually needs some mammoth trade or store guaranteeing an enormous part of your token to dump on you at their recreation? Punishment triggers from 1k-10k+ coins. Expansion for security Though Bitcoin has expanded its stockpile by 17 million coins over its reality by paying diggers to mine (square rewards.) BitcoinHEX needn't bother with expansion for security. Enough individuals are digging Ethereum for a wide range of reasons that we don't need to pay them BitcoinHEX to do as such. Disparagement of the first A few forks like to imagine they're the genuine article, and not only a duplicate. They do this by having a fundamentally the same as name, logo, and even purchase twitter handles and sites that used to advance the genuine article, to advance the duplicate. In reality a duplicate does best when it separates itself with better highlights, evaluating, or promoting. In the event that your plan of action incorporates claiming to be something you're not, it's a terrible plan of action. BitcoinHEX isn't Satoshi's vision, it's likewise not Bitcoin. It's Bitcoin forked into Ethereum. That has focal points ordinary Bitcoin forks don't. It is amusing to prod different forks when satoshisvision.com focuses to BitcoinHEX.com however Smiley They earned that prodding. Why BitcoinHEX is incredible Low expansion All the cool game hypothesis that quickens appropriation of the undertaking ends in under 1 year. At that point the main expansion in the undertaking originates from individuals that've removed coins from flow by staking. At the point when the main swelling you have is from remunerations to individuals that have trustlessly and safely bolted up their tokens for an extensive stretch of time, that is incredible for esteem. No paying excavators for security with square rewards Conveyance to those well on the way to have been in crypto the longest Simple for trades to coordinate because of recognition and trust of ERC20 standard. Works with appropriated trades no problem at all Works with nuclear swaps no problem at all Most devs in the crypto (Ethereum) Simple case apparatus, asserts all UTXOs in a location without a moment's delay Incredible advertising. Howdy Smiley Low charges. A bitcoinHEX exchange would just cost around 27 pennies or less on 5/24/2018 Scaling arrangements not too far off. Vitalik Buterin has been distributing take a shot at evidence of stake and sharding which could lessen waste and increment exchange limit incredibly. Incredible practice, particularly in the event that you've never encountered the biggest crypto environment and second biggest by marketcap. Advances free discourse. You can transmit your business and financial vitality that used to just exist in the Bitcoin language, in the Ethereum language. Broadens your scope of individuals you can exchange with, talk tokens to. Tokenomics Moment Referral Bonus Individuals you allude get came up with all required funds, and you get a 5% referral reward. Appropriation rewards to stakers (end on 50th week, since all cases will be finished) We're all Satoshi (week after week) Like clockwork a reward equivalent to 2% of unclaimed assets is dispersed to individuals that claimed. Reward topped at 100% of unclaimed tokens. For example, if Satoshi doesn't guarantee, individuals who willed get a reward equivalent to his coins after some time, however not more. Speed Bonus (paid to petitioner on guarantee) Claimable: Balance in addition to [math below] first week 10%< second week (10% x (.95 to the intensity of [week number]) SpeedBonuss Viral Bonus (week by week) The more individuals that guarantee, the bigger the rewards Complete reward upmod (Guarantee % of 1/3 all out conceivable case occasions)/10 Minimum amount Bonus (week by week) The bigger the cases the bigger the rewards. All out reward upmod (Guarantee % of all out potential coins)/10 A debt of gratitude is in order for the rewards Inception contract gets a similar reward you do. Selection rewards to stakers (end on 50th week, since all cases will be finished) Senseless whales Singular cases 1k to 10k+ btc punished 50 to 75% directly scaled before rewards. Goxmenot Gox trustee addresses can't guarantee Typical Staking (Not thought about a reward and doesn't end at 50 weeks) 1% per 10 days. Longer lockup= impetus multiplier Example Time reward: multi day lockup = 129.6% (on the grounds that 3.6 occasions 36%= 129.6%) Time divider As % of profit tokens is bolted up, decreases reward multiplier. In the event that half bolted up at start, at that point multiplier decreased half Early winged creatures get the worms. Guaranteeing A depiction of the Bitcoin UTXO will be taken at square tallness (to be reported after agreement is reviewed). The UTXO set will be smoothed for gas effectiveness, and the Merkle tree foundation of that set will be implanted in an ERC20 token agreement to permit Bitcoin holders to reclaim their tokens. HEX links: Website: https://hex.win/ Twitter page: https://twitter.com/HEXCrypto Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/HEXcrypto Telegram page: https://t.me/HEXcrypto Github: https://github.com/bitcoinHEX Reddit page: https://hexcrypto.reddit.com/ Medium page: https://medium.com/hex-crypto/ Ann: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4523610.0 Author information; Bitcointalk username: Corneafx Bitcointalk profile: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2649614
Some very important points that most people do not understand about Bitcoin
Point 1) Most people do not understand that you can't send money over internet, but only information. Bitcoin is the first digital settlement layer. When I send a picture to someone on Facebook messenger, I don't actually send a picture. I send information about the pictures structure, and the picture gets restructured on the client side (the cellphone) of the user I send it to. Copy of the information is being sent, not the picture itself. So you can't send money over internet, it is not possible, only information. If I have a bank account at some bank, and I send $50 dollars to another person in the same bank by using the banks website, then a transaction happens between two people within the same infrastructure, which is the banks back-end system and database. So the banks system just subtracts $50 dollars from one person and adds $50 dollars to another person. But no money has moved, only information has been edited. But if I send money to someone that uses another Bank, then this bank has its own infrastructure which is independent of the first. So Bank1 tells Bank2 that they have a user that wants to send money to a user of the other bank. So Bank1 subtracts $50 from User1, and Bank2 adds $50 to User2, but now Bank1 owes Bank2 $50, why? Because you can't send money over internet. So they have to settle the difference between them with some kind of a settlement system, (cash, gold or a third party like a central bank). This difference can be the result of many transactions between many users and can be millions of dollars of worth, the settlement can be done periodically for example every 6 months. With Bitcoin, because of how the system works, it is almost as if you can send value over internet for the first time, even though you don't really send value, you still send information, but since the infrastructure is global, it is like the first example, it is as if the world has (one large bank infrastructure), that is fully automated and which no one controls. This alone makes Bitcoin extremely valuable, because it is a trust less digital settlement layer which is extremely secure and not dependent on one particular nation or organisation. Point 2) There can never be more than 21 million Bitcoin. This is very hard for people to grasp. Because what do you mean there can never be more than 21 million bitcoin? It sounds like a game, such a scam... People do not understand that Bitcoin is not normal software. In normal software the developers can change the code as they want and publish the code when they want. They do not understand that Bitcoin is a software that is not like a normal software. You can't actually change the number even if the number is programmed in. Which of-course most people will deny, because it makes no sense for most people. They do not understand that even though it is theoretically possible to change it, it is practically almost impossible. It is theoretically possible for me to convince half of Sweden to burn half of their money, but practically impossible. Just because something is theoretically possible, doesn't mean that it will happen within a time frame, or even in your lifetime. In order for the 21 million supply to change, most people in the Bitcoin community needs to agree on it, which is practically impossible. Miners have to change to the new protocol and so on. Not going to happen. When gold treasures were lost in the past, someone else could find them. Gold practically never completely disappears, it is a chemical element. With Bitcoin, once it is lost it is practically lost forever (put aside quantum computing for now and other theoretical unforeseeable events). 21 million is only the upper theoretical limit. Bitcoin will be more and more scarce as time goes by. Gold is not like this. Gold has an inflation rate of 1,5% every year. The reason it is constant is because even if the stock gets bigger, the flow into the stock also gets bigger because of better mining capabilities, so you can look at it as constant inflation of 1.5% every year. With Bitcoin, not only do the stock to flow ratio go up every halvening, and the flow into bitcoin not only decreases with time, but almost goes into negative because of lost coins every year. This is completely insane and people do not understand this. If you combine this almost deflationary nature of Bitcoin with extreme bullish market sentiment then you will realize that no one knows what is going to happen in the future because wrapping your head around all this and to come to a conclusion about the Bitcoin price will make you sound absolutely delusional to most people. Point 3) People think that $100,000 bitcoin is wishful thinking and that there is not enough money in the world for Bitcoin to be worth millions of dollars. Which I can assure you is false. Bitcoin can even be worth $50 million dollars per coin, which would make 2 satoshi 1 dollar. Even if one Bitcoin transaction would cost 10 000 Satoshi. You might say, that's not possible, whats the point if one transaction is so expensive. Again, you don't need to actually do a transfer of money, as in the first example of point 1, virtual transactions on bank level can happen, or on Coinbase. You can send 100 satoshi to someone and pay 1 satoshi in fee "on the bank level", not on chain, banks or exchanges then will settle the difference as they want. At least with Bitcoin you have the option to be you own bank, even if that will cost you more, you still have the option. This is already happening in front of your eyes. Banks like Dutch ING, Deutsche bank, are already working on custody services for cryptocurrencies. And even exchanges want to operate as banks and exchanges like Coinbase are working to get license for this. This is already happening and it is the correct move forwards, a mix between the legacy banking system and cryptocurrencies. You can already spend your Bitcoin with Coinbase Visa Card or similar services. Most people are too lazy and stupid to operate like us with their own wallets, it is a fact well known. In terms of the price, money inflow is not the same as market cap. Take for instance the following simple scenario. I own 100% of the shares of my own company and I decide to sell 10% of the company for 1 million USD, which will value my whole company at 10 million USD, so 1 million flow into my company leads to 10x market cap of 10 million USD. For Bitcoin to have 21 trillion market cap, Bitcoin does not need 21 trillion of money inflow. Bitcoin price is dependent on market sentiment, if the market sentiment is such that very few people want to sell their coins because the price keeps going up then you might have 100x market cap of the money inflow. So 1 billion USD in money inflow translates to 100 billion USD in market cap. The multiplier can be 10x, 2x or 50x, all depends on market sentiment and time period. So an inflow of 10 trillion USD in 10 years might lead to 100 trillion USD market cap of BTC and 5 million USD per Bitcoin. Bitcoin value have no roof, the price might actually just keep going up and up and up and up and up. We have never had something that is absolutely scarce, and global, and seen as an alternative form of money, when the rest of the world keeps bubbling up. There is no limit on the BTC price because the whole world works with a bubbly system, and the way Bitcoin is price discovered, is a guaranteed insane BTC price in the future. Even $100 million USD per Bitcoin in 50 years before I am dead is possible. Point 4) Fiat does not need to die, and Bitcoin does not need to take over in order for Bitcoin to have "ridiculous price". No financial crisis is needed. Actually what you want is things to just continue as they have done in the last 10 years. No too extreme events. Just "small events" here and there. You can't change human nature, it is inevitable. Bitcoin is so ingrained into our world that there is no way back. There will be people with whole Bitcoin, and people without. Just like people with gold and stock investments and real estate, and people without those things. No insane events, this is all normal. Point 5) Bitcoin has won as the financial cryptocurrency. No flippening will happen. The only flippening will be with gold and fiat currencies. If I wanted to, I could have developed a system like PayPal in 1 month time, and it would be able to do 5000 transactions per second because I would use MySQL and SSD, but no one would use my service because they would not trust me because they have no idea who I am and what my service is, and there is no one to send money too, so the network is not there. Bitcoin has won because security and network effect is way more important than transactions per second. Transactions per second will be dealt with on bank level, exchange level, or layer 2 solutions. This is already clear to me. Bitcoin has won. Point 6) In order to understand Bitcoin and what will happen in the future, you have to be able to see things that are not in front of you. You can't compare Bitcoin to Tulip mania, or even Gold. Because something like Bitcoin has never existed before and you have to think about it's properties and try to understand it with human nature and with how the world works and how everything keeps increasing, and Bitcoin is the thing that does not increase in supply. You will eventually accept the unnatural thought of Bitcoin never stopping going up in value, which is something that is hard to come to terms with, because it feels unnatural, "and it could not possibly be so". Point 7) The Gini coefficient of Bitcoin is not a big deal. I used to think that it was unfair that some people had 1,000 BTC, 10,000 BTC, or even 50,000 BTC. And I was afraid that they might dump their coins into the market and crash it. I have now realised that these people are smart people and they think like me, and they won't just dump their whole BTC holding on the market as that might be a very bad move for them. It is like when a majority holder of a company, like Jeff Bezos and Amazon, understands that he can't sell all of his shares in one go as that would effect Amazon stock value too much and would not be smart. It is best to sell when the price goes up, but then when they sell the BTC will just be eaten up by other people, and they will be at a loss in the longer term. And the other thing is that perhaps there is no other smart place to put that fiat money, Bitcoin might just be the best place to keep those amounts of money. Someone with a very large holding has two options. He can either sell his BTC, in which case the price would go down but the Bitcoin would be spread out between potentially thousands of new users, or he might decide to never sell. If he decides to never sell, it is as if those Bitcoins are lost forever and that is good for the Bitcoin price and Bitcoin in general. If he decides to sell then Bitcoin will be divided more equally among many users which is also a good thing for Bitcoin because that increases the network effect, and after he sells he no longer has the power to drive the price down, but now he sits on a very large fiat holding, he might even buy back at a higher price and drive the price higher. I know that if I had 10,000 BTC, I would sell 1,000 BTC and buy a house and a car and whatever I wanted, and sell another 1,000 BTC to diversify into some other assets. And keep 8,000 BTC because I don't know of anywhere else to put that kind of money into good work. I believe in Bitcoin so as an investor it makes sense to keep it here. I probably would never sell because I would never need anything else after the initial 1,000 BTC sell. Bitcoin is like a black hole that sucks in the Earths monetary resources over time. Most people that bought really early and were smart enough to hold all the way to these prices will only sell what they need to sell and keep the rest in BTC. Some of them might want to speculate and try to time the ATH, only to buy back in with most of the fiat they sold. Which means that even if money goes out of the market, it only goes out of the market temporarily, only to get back in at hopefully lower prices. And so the market grows, and grows and grows over time. Point 8) Bitcoin has intrinsic value. When people like Peter Schiff say that gold has intrinsic value because gold can be used in electronics and aviation and therefore gold has value but Bitcoin has no value because it has no intrinsic value, you have to take a pause and do some critical thinking. Can you imagine 16th century pirates looking to find a gold treasure worth an insane amount because they knew gold had value because of electronics and aviation? This is clearly absurd. Gold has been used as money for thousands of years and electronics and aviation was not even a thing 150 years ago. Gold has value because it is globally scarce. Bitcoin is absolutely verifiable scarce. Bitcoin has intrinsic value because of it's monetary policy and because you can carry millions of dollars of value by remembering only 24 words in your head, and carry that value wherever you want and no one can stop you, that is intrinsic value. People had a hard time understanding that a website like Facebook could be worth billions of dollars, because it was not physical, it was "just a website". Even a website like Google search is not physical and still it has immense value. It is valuable information and it provides a good service, and that has value, it does not have to be physical and tangible.
HEX is the principal endorsement of store on the blockchain! HEX pays Trustless Interest with no counterparty chance. Given programmable cash the principal program ought to be premium. Pays holders rather than diggers. Staking HEX resembles getting free mining equipment and power. Bitcoin and HEX correlation No Satoshi (on the off chance that he doesn't guarantee in 50 weeks) or Mt.Gox dumping on you. No swelling bug conceivable like bitcoin has had. Unit predisposition fixed. Progressively disseminated mining environment. Whale punishment which gives whales coins to stakers, and so forth. Around 12 million or more of the 18 million all out BTC worth of HEX cases will be given to the stakers on day 353 by shares. What's more, It gets duplicated by the Viral and CriticalMass selection extra multipliers which can build it up to 3x. The offer cost just goes up. Stakers that end stake early or late compensation faithful stakers. Longer stake submit pays 20% more every year, up to 3x shares, (halfway years are fine). Lower charges, lower swelling. Referral program. Organizer is a showcasing master with a crowd of people. Early adopters get paid amazingly well. 20% Speed reward tumbling to 0% during the fifty weeks. Unclaimed coins paid to stakers 2% every week for 50 weeks. Consistently you don't guarantee, another person gets your coins. Minimum amount and Virality rewards increment payouts to stakers so they make progressively HEX the more individuals that guarantee, than if less individuals asserted, despite the fact that they get unclaimed coins on day 353. Each pumpamental to bolt up supply, increment reception and cost. Hex has a lower expansion rate than Bitcoin, much after the rate was sliced down the middle twice in its 10 years. The swelling is additionally deferred, in light of the fact that it's just paid on finished stakes, and stakes can most recent 10 years. Failure to exchange staked coins builds the estimation of unstaked coins, and chance that some will early endstake and take care of punishments to faithful stakers. Trustless Interest. Suppose you need to make more bitcoin on your bitcoin. What are your alternatives? You could loan your coins out and face the challenge they're not returned, or you could have a go at selling your coins for mining equipment and want to get more coins back later. Bunches of individuals have lost cash attempting either. Counterparty hazard in Bitcoin ventures. To acquire enthusiasm on their Bitcoin, most clients send them to a brought together outsider, for example, a trade. There, coins can be acquired to "short" the market. Merchants acquire the coins to sell, in the expectations that they can rebuy them less expensive before they need to return them, along these lines benefitting from value diminishes. These brought together gatherings are security openings that are frequently hacked, annihilate protection, or acquaint expenses on the off chance that you need with get your assets out. Billions of dollars in coins sent to trades or loan specialists have been taken. Not your keys, not your coins. These concentrated outsiders and brokers are so essential to clients looking for yield (making interest) that the organizations themselves have made more benefit on Bitcoin than its originator. A huge number of dollars of significant worth has moved into the pockets of brokers. HEX fixes this. This replaces these outsiders with a trustless distributed to framework. Rather than sending your HEX to a trade so they can loan it out for your sake to procure enthusiasm for you, you simply lock it in same brilliant agreement that stamped all the HEX in any case, and it credits you intrigue. In case you're given programmable cash, the principal thing you should program is premium. HEX pays enthusiasm to stakers rather than excavators. A few clients take a stab at mining to make more digital money. Rather than sending your cash to a remote super corp to purchase mining gear which appears late, utilized, or never by any stretch of the imagination, you can avoid the deteriorating resource and power bills and simply stake your coins. HEX is the primary digital currency with a graph of future sellable stockpile (lapsing stakes after some time.) This makes sure about purchasers trust in future estimation of their speculation. HEX has Speculative Stickiness. Typical cryptographic forms of money have: Price, hash rate. HEX has: HEX value, Share cost, Directly influences staker benefit per share: % of supply staking, Average stake length, Average stake size, stake termination diagram after some time, early and late end stake punishments. HEX links: Website: https://hex.win/ Twitter page: https://twitter.com/HEXCrypto Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/HEXcrypto Telegram page: https://t.me/HEXcrypto Github: https://github.com/bitcoinHEX Reddit page: https://hexcrypto.reddit.com/ Medium page: https://medium.com/hex-crypto/ Ann: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4523610.0 Author information; Bitcointalk username: TridentHorn Bitcointalk profile: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4523610.0
Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)
https://preview.redd.it/a51zsja94db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=99e8080c9e9b1fb5e11cbd70f915f9cb37188f81 Foreword The consensus mechanism is one of the important elements of the blockchain and the core rule of the normal operation of the distributed ledger. It is mainly used to solve the trust problem between people and determine who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining the effective unification of the system in the blockchain system. Thus, it has become an everlasting research hot topic in blockchain. This article starts with the concept and role of the consensus mechanism. First, it enables the reader to have a preliminary understanding of the consensus mechanism as a whole; then starting with the two armies and the Byzantine general problem, the evolution of the consensus mechanism is introduced in the order of the time when the consensus mechanism is proposed; Then, it briefly introduces the current mainstream consensus mechanism from three aspects of concept, working principle and representative project, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the mainstream consensus mechanism; finally, it gives suggestions on how to choose a consensus mechanism for blockchain projects and pointed out the possibility of the future development of the consensus mechanism. Contents First, concept and function of the consensus mechanism 1.1 Concept: The core rules for the normal operation of distributed ledgers 1.2 Role: Solve the trust problem and decide the generation and maintenance of new blocks 1.2.1 Used to solve the trust problem between people 1.2.2 Used to decide who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining effective unity in the blockchain system 1.3 Mainstream model of consensus algorithm Second, the origin of the consensus mechanism 2.1 The two armies and the Byzantine generals 2.1.1 The two armies problem 2.1.2 The Byzantine generals problem 2.2 Development history of consensus mechanism 2.2.1 Classification of consensus mechanism 2.2.2 Development frontier of consensus mechanism Third, Common Consensus System Fourth, Selection of consensus mechanism and summary of current situation 4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you 4.1.1 Determine whether the final result is important 4.1.2 Determine how fast the application process needs to be 4.1.2 Determining the degree to which the application requires for decentralization 4.1.3 Determine whether the system can be terminated 4.1.4 Select a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages 4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism Last lecture review: Chapter 1 Concept and Function of Consensus Mechanism plus Chapter 2 Origin of Consensus Mechanism Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 1) Figure 6 Summary of relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms 📷 https://preview.redd.it/9r7q3xra4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=bae5554a596feaac948fae22dffafee98c4318a7 Source: Hasib Anwar, "Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology" The picture above shows 14 relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms summarized by a geek Hasib Anwar, including PoW (Proof of Work), PoS (Proof of Stake), DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), LPoS (Lease Proof of Stake), PoET ( Proof of Elapsed Time), PBFT (Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance), SBFT (Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DBFT (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), Proof-of-Activity (Proof of Activity), Proof-of- Importance (Proof of Importance), Proof-of-Capacity (Proof of Capacity), Proof-of-Burn ( Proof of Burn), Proof-of-Weight (Proof of Weight). Next, we will mainly introduce and analyze the top ten consensus mechanisms of the current blockchain. 》POW -Concept: Work proof mechanism. That is, the proof of work means that it takes a certain amount of computer time to confirm the work. -Principle: Figure 7 PoW work proof principle 📷 https://preview.redd.it/xupacdfc4db51.png?width=554&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b6994641f5890804d93dfed9ecfd29308c8e0cc The PoW represented by Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 algorithm function, which is a 256-bit hash algorithm in the password hash function family: Proof of work output = SHA256 (SHA256 (block header)); if (output of proof of work if (output of proof of work >= target value), change the random number, recursive i logic, continue to compare with the target value. New difficulty value = old difficulty value* (time spent by last 2016 blocks /20160 minutes) Target value = maximum target value / difficulty value The maximum target value is a fixed number. If the last 2016 blocks took less than 20160 minutes, then this coefficient will be small, and the target value will be adjusted bigger, if not, the target value will be adjusted smaller. Bitcoin mining difficulty and block generation speed will be inversely proportional to the appropriate adjustment of block generation speed. -Representative applications: BTC, etc. 》POS -Concept: Proof of stake. That is, a mechanism for reaching consensus based on the holding currency. The longer the currency is held, the greater the probability of getting a reward. -Principle: PoS implementation algorithm formula: hash(block_header) = Coin age calculation formula: coinage = number of coins * remaining usage time of coins Among them, coinage means coin age, which means that the older the coin age, the easier it is to get answers. The calculation of the coin age is obtained by multiplying the coins owned by the miner by the remaining usage time of each coin, which also means that the more coins you have, the easier it is to get answers. In this way, pos solves the problem of wasting resources in pow, and miners cannot own 51% coins from the entire network, so it also solves the problem of 51% attacks. -Representative applications: ETH, etc. 》DPoS -Concept: Delegated proof of stake. That is, currency holding investors select super nodes by voting to operate the entire network , similar to the people's congress system. -Principle: The DPOS algorithm is divided into two parts. Elect a group of block producers and schedule production. Election: Only permanent nodes with the right to be elected can be elected, and ultimately only the top N witnesses can be elected. These N individuals must obtain more than 50% of the votes to be successfully elected. In addition, this list will be re-elected at regular intervals. Scheduled production: Under normal circumstances, block producers take turns to generate a block every 3 seconds. Assuming that no producer misses his order, then the chain they produce is bound to be the longest chain. When a witness produces a block, a block needs to be generated every 2s. If the specified time is exceeded, the current witness will lose the right to produce and the right will be transferred to the next witness. Then the witness is not only unpaid, but also may lose his identity. -Representative applications: EOS, etc. 》DPoW -Concept: Delayed proof of work. A new-generation consensus mechanism based on PoB and DPoS. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. This can achieve a balance between computing power and mining rights. -Principle: In the DPoW-based blockchain, miners are no longer rewarded tokens, but "wood" that can be burned, burning wood. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. Through a set of algorithms, people who burn more wood or BP or a group of BP can obtain the right to generate blocks in the next event segment, and get rewards (tokens) after successful block generation. Since more than one person may burn wood in a time period, the probability of producing blocks in the next time period is determined by the amount of wood burned by oneself. The more it is burned, the higher the probability of obtaining block rights in the next period. Two node types: notary node and normal node. The 64 notary nodes are elected by the stakeholders of the dPoW blockchain, and the notarized confirmed blocks can be added from the dPoW blockchain to the attached PoW blockchain. Once a block is added, the hash value of the block will be added to the Bitcoin transaction signed by 33 notary nodes, and a hash will be created to the dPow block record of the Bitcoin blockchain. This record has been notarized by most notary nodes in the network. In order to avoid wars on mining between notary nodes, and thereby reduce the efficiency of the network, Komodo designed a mining method that uses a polling mechanism. This method has two operating modes. In the "No Notary" (No Notary) mode, all network nodes can participate in mining, which is similar to the traditional PoW consensus mechanism. In the "Notaries Active" mode, network notaries use a significantly reduced network difficulty rate to mine. In the "Notary Public Activation" mode, each notary public is allowed to mine a block with its current difficulty, while other notary public nodes must use 10 times the difficulty of mining, and all normal nodes use 100 times the difficulty of the notary public node. Figure 8 DPoW operation process without a notary node 📷 https://preview.redd.it/3yuzpemd4db51.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=f3bc2a1c97b13cb861414d3eb23a312b42ea6547 -Representative applications: CelesOS, Komodo, etc. CelesOS Research Institute丨DPoW consensus mechanism-combustible mining and voting 》PBFT -Concept: Practical Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm. That is, the complexity of the algorithm is reduced from exponential to polynomial level, making the Byzantine fault-tolerant algorithm feasible in practical system applications. -Principle: Figure 9 PBFT algorithm principle 📷 https://preview.redd.it/8as7rgre4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=372be730af428f991375146efedd5315926af1ca First, the client sends a request to the master node to call the service operation, and then the master node broadcasts other copies of the request. All copies execute the request and send the result back to the client. The client needs to wait for f+1 different replica nodes to return the same result as the final result of the entire operation. Two qualifications: 1. All nodes must be deterministic. That is to say, the results of the operation must be the same under the same conditions and parameters. 2. All nodes must start from the same status. Under these two limited qualifications, even if there are failed replica nodes, the PBFT algorithm agrees on the total order of execution of all non-failed replica nodes, thereby ensuring security. -Representative applications: Tendermint Consensus, etc. Next Lecture: Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 2) + Chapter 4 Consensus Mechanism Selection and Status Summary CelesOS As the first DPOW financial blockchain operating system, CelesOS adopts consensus mechanism 3.0 to break through the "impossible triangle", which can provide high TPS while also allowing for decentralization. Committed to creating a financial blockchain operating system that embraces supervision, providing services for financial institutions and the development of applications on the supervision chain, and formulating a role and consensus ecological supervision layer agreement for supervision. The CelesOS team is dedicated to building a bridge between blockchain and regulatory agencies/financial industry. We believe that only blockchain technology that cooperates with regulators will have a real future. We believe in and contribute to achieving this goal. 📷Website https://www.celesos.com/ 📷Telegram https://t.me/celeschain 📷Twitter https://twitter.com/CelesChain 📷Reddit https://www.reddit.com/useCelesOS 📷Medium https://medium.com/@celesos 📷Facebook https://www.facebook.com/CelesOS1 📷Youtube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1Xsd8wU957D-R8RQVZPfGA
Enjoy the launch of Stairs in-house game on BetFury! Stairs — is an exciting game, where our raccoon Fury participates. The main purpose is to climb up the stairs to the top. Your winning depends on the stair, which you’ve managed to reach. But you have to be very attentive, because while you climb, stones fall and may squash the raccoon. Oops! How to play? Follow 3 simple steps:
Step 1. To start, make a bet and choose the amount of stones per one game move, then press “Play” to continue;Step 2. Climbing up the stairs, beware of falling stones! The higher you go up, the more you get;Step 3. Your winning’s amount is your choice: you can pick up a win at any time or go through all 13 moves and get the maximum reward.
The promotion runs from February 12, 2020, until February 26, 2020.
Total prize pool is 250 000 TRX.
Total winning places — 50. Distribution may be checked in the competitors’ list.
Bets can be placed in TRX, USDT, BTT or BTC (the total winning volume will be considered in TRX).
To become the winner you have to win most of all pure profit!
Example 1: your bet is 100 TRX — winning — 150 TRX = 50 TRX added to your rating. Example 2: your bet is 10 USDT — winning — 13 USDT = approx. 160 TRX (TRX/USDT rate) added to your rating. etc.
The more profit you get, the higher you are in the competition!
You can track your current position in the right section of the promo page (where the auction is).
To open the page, find the “Stairs Profit Competition” button in the left part of a games’ window.
Press the “?” button. You’ll be passed to the competition’s page.
Track there information about the current leaders and read the rules.
Distribution of winnings is carried out automatically to your game balance with no conditions, no wager requirement in 24h.
BetFury will notify players of any significant changes to existing terms and conditions of Stairs Profit Competition before entering into force. However, BetFury may, at its sole discretion, make minor changes to these terms, the promotion itself or the players’ right to participate in this promotion for any reason, without prior notice to the players.
BTT (BitTorrent) coin is one of the first tokens that work on TRC-10 protocol based on the Tron blockchain to foster faster speed on the world’s largest decentralized application. BTT integration allows several changes and opportunities.
deposit/withdrawal can be made from any TRON wallet that supports TRC10
bets are available for all games (including in-house, slots, table games)
minimal bet = 5 BTT
you will receive 0,3% in (In-House games)& 0,05% (Slots)in BTT of all referral pure winnings
Main changes in basic User Experience:
After signing up you can see your game balance. You are able to change it into BTT balance in the drop-down list by clicking on it;
Deposit/Withdraw pop-up is changed. Now you’re able to choose the currency directly in this window. Make deposit and withdrawal in BTT
Dividend pool. BTT dividend pool is created, which means, that mining price is also represented in BTT.
The mining price is dynamic for BTT and based on TRX/USDT/BTT trading pair rates in real-time mode;
In the Cashback section the available amount is shown in the currency, you’ve chosen in the drop-down list in the header. Cashback history shows all currencies.
Games and Jackpots
BTT is not available in the Auction.
Jackpots are shown in TRX. To win Jackpot, bets are available in BTT.
To place bets in all in-house games you should select BTT in the header drop-down menu.
Account. The total bet is represented in TRX. (BTT is converted into TRX at the Binance rate at the time of betting and added to your total wager).
All Game balances are represented on the page. Transaction history and Game history are common for all currencies.
Daily tasks are individual for all currencies. You may do the same tasks for TRX, USDT, BTT, BTC separately every day.
The rank system remains the same regardless of the currency the user has chosen. If you are going to place bets in BTT your rank will go up according to the TRX/BTT rate in the time of betting.
BTC breaks into BetFury
Our users have been asking us about it since the first day of BetFury existence. Dreams come true — BTC breaks into BetFury. BTC (Bitcoin) is a cryptocurrency that isn’t managed by a bank or agency but in which transactions are recorded in the blockchain that is public and contains records of each and every transaction that takes place. BTC integration allows several changes and opportunities.
deposit/withdrawal can be made
bets will be available for all games (from start only in-house games)
minimal bet = 0,000002 BTC
referral payments — 0,3% in (In-House) & 0,05% (Slots) in BTC of all referral pure winnings
Main changes in basic User Experience:
After signing up you can see your game balance. You are able to change it into BTC balance in the drop-down list by clicking on it;
Deposit/Withdraw pop-up is changed. Now you’re able to choose the currency directly in this window. Make deposit and withdrawal in BTC
Press the “Deposit” button in the Header.
Choose BTC in the list of currencies.
To make the deposit you need to copy your BTC deposit address.
Paste your wallet address (copied from Deposit section)
Enter the amount, which you want to withdraw
Your withdrawal will have 0.00005000 subtracted to cover the transaction fee.
Dividend pool. BTC dividend pool is still not created. This opportunity will be available soon.
In the Cashback section the available amount is shown in the currency, you’ve chosen in the drop-down list in the header. Cashback history shows all currencies.
Games and Jackpots
BTC is not available in the Auction.
Jackpots are shown in TRX. To win Jackpot, bets are available in BTC.
To place bets in all in-house games you should select BTC in the header drop-down menu.
Account. The total bet is represented in TRX. (BTC is converted into TRX at the Binance rate at the time of betting and added to your total wager).
All Game balances are represented on the page. Transaction history and Game history are common for all currencies.
Daily tasks are individual for all currencies. You may do the same tasks for TRX, USDT, BTT, BTC separately every day.
The rank system remains the same regardless of the currency the user has chosen. If you are going to place bets in BTC your rank will go up according to the TRX/BTC rate in the time of betting.
https://preview.redd.it/a7n504j279m41.png?width=2400&format=png&auto=webp&s=362e5951ef046798adf7fd9b420fc46439eef704 For the BetFury team, as well as for the platform users, stability is an important point. Therefore, along with the big update (which includes the release of the game Stairs, Stairs Profit Competition, adding of BTC and BTT) we are updating the distribution system of the dividend pool. What will change? For the stable operation of dividend payments, the BetFury team decided to replenish the dividend pool in the amount of 3,500,000 TRX. Dividend payments will be 3%. Thus, payouts per 100K BFG will become larger and more stable. Distribution example:
The previous pool size was2,300,000 TRX. With7%payout, the distribution will be161,000 TRX (16.9 TRX per 100,000 BFG daily).We add3 500 000 TRXto the pool (= 5 800 000 TRX) with the payout of3%, the distribution will be equal to174 000 TRX (16.9 TRX per 100 000 BFG daily)
Also, the BetFury team recharged USDT & BTT pool in the amount of 4000 USDT/3 000 000 BTT respectively. The advantage of such a dividend policy BetFury will stable payments and increase investment interest to the platform.
“Instagram”, “Facebook” and “Reddit” buttons in the footer. Communication on BetFury becomes even more accessible. Follow all our social networks to be aware of all events, giveaways, competitions, updates!
UI & UX updates have been made for your pleasurable playing and using the website.
We have taken away the “Daily bonus” section in the left part of a games’ window. It’s connected with the poor Dividend pool and it’s more important to put there information about the current competition.
Weekly Slots Race. It becomes even more convenient to track the information about the winners on the new landing page.
To open the page, find the “Weekly Slots Race” button in the left part of a games’ window.
Press the “?” button. You’ll be passed to the competition’s page.
Track there information about the current leaders and winners of the previous races. Also read the rules.
A must do for future success in crypto currency 2020!
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