www.bitcoin.name

Why Should We Fear A Cashless World?

The following article comes from The Guardian, 21 March, 2016. I felt it was worth pasting here, as it does not express the usual fears about mind control, etc. which so many conspiracy theorists become obsessed with, but it does deal more with the mechanics through which a corrupt world government (such as that predicted in the Bible) will be able to use the cashless society to oppress the world. --Dave
Why we should fear a cashless world
(The Guardian, 21 March, 2016)
http://www.theguardian.com/money/commentisfree/2016/ma21/fear-cashless-world-contactless?CMP=fb\_gu
The health food chain Tossed has just opened the UK's first cashless cafe. It's another step towards the death of cash.
This is nothing new. Money is tech. The casting of coins made shells, whales' teeth and other such primitive forms of money redundant. The printing press did the same for precious metals: we started using paper notes instead. Electronic banking put paid to the cheque. Contactless payment is now doing the same to cash, which is becoming less and less convenient. In the marketplace convenience usually wins.
That's fine as long as people are making this choice freely. What concerns me is the unofficial war on cash that is going on, from the suspicion with which you are treated if you ever use large sums of cash to the campaign in Europe to decommission the 500-Euro note. I'm not sure the consequences have been properly considered.
We already live in a world that is, as far as the distribution of wealth is concerned, about as unequal as it gets. It may even be as unequal as it's ever been. My worry is that a cashless society may exacerbate inequality even further.
It will hand yet more power to the financial sector in that banks and related fintech companies will oversee all transactions. The crash of 2008 showed that, when push comes to shove, banks have already been exempted from the very effective regulation that is bankruptcy -- one by which the rest of us must all operate. Do we want this sector to have yet more power and influence?
In a world without cash, every payment you make will be traceable. Do you want governments (which are not always benevolent), banks or payment processors to have potential access to that information? The power this would hand them is enormous and the potential scope for Orwellian levels of surveillance is terrifying.
Cash, on the other hand, empowers its users. It enables them to buy and sell, and store their wealth, without being dependent on anyone else. They can stay outside the financial system, if so desired.
There are many reasons, both moral and practical, to want this. In 2008 many rushed to take their money out of the banks. If the financial system really was as close to breaking point as we are told it was, then such actions are quite justified. When Cyprus's banks teetered on the cliff of financial disaster in 2011, we saw bail-ins. Ordinary people's money in deposit accounts was sequestered to bail out the system. If your life savings were threatened with confiscation to bail out a corporation you considered profligate, I imagine you too would rush to withdraw them.
We have seen similar panics in Greece and, to a lesser extent, across southern Europe. Mervyn King, the former governor of the Bank of England, recently declared that banking was not fixed and that we would see financial panic again. In Japan, the central bank has imposed negative rates and you are charged by banks to store money. This is to try and goad people into spending, rather than saving. So much cash has been withdrawn from banks that there are now reports that the country has sold out of safes.
These are all quite legitimate reasons to want to exit the system. I'm not saying we should all take our money out of the bank, but that we should all have the option to. Cash gives you that option. Why remove it? It's our money. Not the banks'.
The telephone teaches us a useful lesson. At its peak in 2008, there were 1.3bn landlines for a global population close to 7 billion. Today more than 6 billion people have a mobile phone -- more than have access to a toilet, according to a UN study. Many assume that the mobile succeeded where the landline failed, because the superior technology made widespread coverage more possible. There is something to that.
But the main reason, simply, is that, to get a landline, you need a bank account and credit. About half of the world's population is 'unbanked', without access to the basic financial services you need. Telecom companies saw no potential custom, the infrastructure was never built and many were left with fewer possibilities to communicate. But a mobile phone and its airtime you can buy with cash. You donít need to be banked. Almost anyone can get a mobile -- and they have. The financial system was actually a barrier to progress for the world's poor, while cash was a facilitator for them.
Six billion people around the world will have a smartphone by 2020. They will have pretty much everything they need to participate in e-commerce -- internet access, basically -- except the financial inclusion. Which is why there will be a huge role to play in the future for new forms of digital cash -- from Kenya's M-Pesa to bitcoin -- money you can use even if you are not financially included.
Cash has its uses for small transactions -- a chocolate bar, a newspaper, a pint of milk -- which, in the UK, are still uneconomic to process by other means. It will always be the fastest and most direct form of payment there is. I like to tip waiters, for example, in cash, knowing they will receive that money, without it being siphoned off by some unscrupulous employer. I also like to shop in markets, where I can buy directly from the producer knowing they will receive the money, without middle men shaving off their percentages.
It also has its uses for private transactions, for which there are many possible reasons, and by no means all of them illegal. Small businesses starting out need the cash economy. Poor people need the cash economy. The war on cash is a war on them.
If you listen to the scaremongering, you'd start to think that all cash users are either criminals, tax evaders or terrorists. Sure, some use cash to evade tax, but it's paltry compared to the tax avoidance schemes Google and Facebook have employed. Google doesn't use cash to avoid tax. It's all done via legislative means.
Cash means total financial inclusion, a luxury the better-off take for granted. Without financial inclusion -- and there will always be some who, for whatever reason, wonít have it -- you are trapped in poverty. So beware the war on cash.
submitted by GodOrMoney to conspiracy_commons [link] [comments]

A Doozy!

For Trading March 12th
BA CRASHES MARKET
TRAVEL BUSINESSES COLLAPSE
Yields Improve
Today’s market was pounded from the start with the futures overnight falling on the lack of the president showing up after he said he would be appearing and the fact that there were no specifics of his “plan” to address the issues. After trading down all morning to -1067 around 11:45 rates started to firm and we had a rally back to -787, but then rates slipped and we headed to 1665 before a close -1464.94 (5.86%), NASDAQ -382.20 (4.7%), S&P 500 -140.86 (4.89%), the Russell -86.60 (6.41%) and the DJ Transports -394.75 (4.63%). Clearly, the biggest drag on the market was BA -284 DP’s, one of the reasons that the DJIA was a bigger percentage leader on the downside. Market internals were weak with the NYSE 18:1 and the NASDAQ 7.1:1 negative. All of the DJIA stocks were lower with only 2 NOT down in double digits. Between the declaration that the WHO put out calling the COVID-19 a “World-wide Pandemic,” and the banning of spectators at sports events in Washington State and bans on events in San Francisco of over 1000 people, things only got worse when BA declared that it was taking down a $13.8 billion line of credit and a hiring freeze. Since the close, the NCAA has said that March Madness games will also be played without spectators. Even the late- night TV shows are stopping live audiences by this weekend. The one thing that I feel I have to stress here is that this IS NOT A FINANCIAL CRISIS, IT IS A HEALTH CRISIS. While that does little to take the sting out of a 20% decline, it is not a bank (or banks) failure. I know it doesn’t help, but it is the fact. And frankly, the panic is overdone.
Our “open forum” on Discord, which allows me to interact with subscribers and others to allow direct questions and chart opinions on just about any stock, continues to grow with more participants every day. It is informative and allows me to share insights as the market is open and moving. The link is: https://discord.gg/ATvC7YZ and I will be there and active from before the open and all day. It’s a great place to share ideas and gain some insights.
SECTORS: Other names in the news: It was a debacle of a day for the same names as for the last 2 weeks with airlines, cruises, booking companies, and finally BA, the biggest aircraft manufacturer in the world falling. In the airlines we had JBLU -1.01 (6.93%), UAL – 3.22 (6.13%), LUV -307 (6.74%) and DAL -2.80 (6.16%). The cruise lines continued with all down dramatically, but none as bad as NCLH today -5.47 (26.7%), CCL -2.27 (9.45%), and RCL -7.30 (14.13%). The bookers followed with BKNG -116.50 (7.47%) and EXPE –9.26 (10.7%).
As mentioned, BA gets a double (or maybe triple) shot with their 737MAX troubles, yesterday’s issue with wiring bundles, the airlines canceling orders and the fact that they drew on a massive $13.8billion line of credit today. The stock, the leader on the upside moving from $102 in 2016 to a peak of $446 last March has fallen back to 2017 levels, closing $189.08 -73.25 this week and -41.93 (18.15%) today.
BIOPHARMA: was LOWER with none down less than 2.7% and BIIB -11.38, ABBV -2.53, REGN -10.32, ISRG -27.85, MYL -.58, TEVA -.35, VRTX -8.06, BHC -.61, INCY -2.41, ICPT -8.42 (9.29%), LABU -7.07 (18.72%) and IBB $107.70 -4.61 (4.10%).
CANNABIS: stocks were LOWER again with TLRY -.69, CGC -.71, CRON -.03, GWPH -6.49, ACB -.09, PYX -.32, NBEV- .18, CURLF -.22 and the only winner KERN, maker of compliance software, 5.76 +.86 (17.55%) and MJ $11.34 -.80 (6.59%).
DEFENSE: was SHARLY LOWER with -10.24, RTN -14.12, GD -6.85, TXT -3.85 (11.29%), UTX -11.71 (9.81%), NOC -17.04, BWXT -.34, TDY -15.98, and ITA $116.77 -16.54 (9.02%).
RETAIL was LOWER with the brands only slightly better on the day. M-.79, JWN -3.08 (11.36%), KSS -2.96, DDS -4.04, JCP -.068 (12.11%), WMT -4.81, TGT -2.75, TJX -2.36, RL -8.24, UAA -.37, LULU -10.38, TPR -1.59, CPRI -2.04 (9.97%), NKE -4.30 (4.87%) on Adidas earnings and guidance, and XRT $34.97 -2.70 (7.17%).
FAANG and Big Cap: were LOWER with GOOGL -54.17, AMZN -57.62, AAPL -7.65, FB -6.64, NFLX -11.64, NVDA -12.39, IBM -5.51, TSLA –2.33, BABA -6.88, BIDU 2.51, BA (see above), CAT -5.80, DIS -5.27, and XLK $84.10 -3.54 (4.04%)
FINANCIALS were LOWER with the market and a visit with the president didn’t seem to help. GS -10.10, JMP -3.93, BAC -.81, MS -2.30, MS -2.30, C -4.26, PNC -6.10, AIG -2.64, TRV -5.77, AXP -6.85 and XLF $23.00 -1.15 (4.76%).
OIL, $3432.98 -1.38 The stocks were LOWER with the price of Oil trying to rally and making it to $36.35 before turning back down and closing near the lows. I’m still stand aside this market since it has a lot of work to do to rebuild a base to define the risk. XLE finished $34.25 -1.30 (3.66%).
METALS, GOLD: $1,642 -13.80. After the rebound, and the overnight move to $1,704.30 we sold off as liquidation hit even the yellow metal. We finished nearer the low, and we continued lower today.
BITCOIN: closed $7,855 -140. We broke to the downside overnight and fell to a low of $7,640, which closed a gap left on the breakout back in January. While I want to add the 350 sold just over a week ago, I want to wait and see some stabilization. We still own 400 GBTC with an average of $8.06. GBTC closed $8.64 -62 today.
Tomorrow is another day.
CAM
submitted by Dashover to OptionsOnly [link] [comments]

Bad Action!

For Trading March 12th
BA CRASHES MARKET
TRAVEL BUSINESSES COLLAPSE
Yields Improve
Today’s market was pounded from the start with the futures overnight falling on the lack of the president showing up after he said he would be appearing and the fact that there were no specifics of his “plan” to address the issues. After trading down all morning to -1067 around 11:45 rates started to firm and we had a rally back to -787, but then rates slipped and we headed to 1665 before a close -1464.94 (5.86%), NASDAQ -382.20 (4.7%), S&P 500 -140.86 (4.89%), the Russell -86.60 (6.41%) and the DJ Transports -394.75 (4.63%). Clearly, the biggest drag on the market was BA -284 DP’s, one of the reasons that the DJIA was a bigger percentage leader on the downside. Market internals were weak with the NYSE 18:1 and the NASDAQ 7.1:1 negative. All of the DJIA stocks were lower with only 2 NOT down in double digits. Between the declaration that the WHO put out calling the COVID-19 a “World-wide Pandemic,” and the banning of spectators at sports events in Washington State and bans on events in San Francisco of over 1000 people, things only got worse when BA declared that it was taking down a $13.8 billion line of credit and a hiring freeze. Since the close, the NCAA has said that March Madness games will also be played without spectators. Even the late- night TV shows are stopping live audiences by this weekend. The one thing that I feel I have to stress here is that this IS NOT A FINANCIAL CRISIS, IT IS A HEALTH CRISIS. While that does little to take the sting out of a 20% decline, it is not a bank (or banks) failure. I know it doesn’t help, but it is the fact. And frankly, the panic is overdone.
Our “open forum” on Discord, which allows me to interact with subscribers and others to allow direct questions and chart opinions on just about any stock, continues to grow with more participants every day. It is informative and allows me to share insights as the market is open and moving. The link is: https://discord.gg/ATvC7YZ and I will be there and active from before the open and all day. It’s a great place to share ideas and gain some insights.
SECTORS: Other names in the news: It was a debacle of a day for the same names as for the last 2 weeks with airlines, cruises, booking companies, and finally BA, the biggest aircraft manufacturer in the world falling. In the airlines we had JBLU -1.01 (6.93%), UAL – 3.22 (6.13%), LUV -307 (6.74%) and DAL -2.80 (6.16%). The cruise lines continued with all down dramatically, but none as bad as NCLH today -5.47 (26.7%), CCL -2.27 (9.45%), and RCL -7.30 (14.13%). The bookers followed with BKNG -116.50 (7.47%) and EXPE –9.26 (10.7%).
As mentioned, BA gets a double (or maybe triple) shot with their 737MAX troubles, yesterday’s issue with wiring bundles, the airlines canceling orders and the fact that they drew on a massive $13.8billion line of credit today. The stock, the leader on the upside moving from $102 in 2016 to a peak of $446 last March has fallen back to 2017 levels, closing $189.08 -73.25 this week and -41.93 (18.15%) today.
BIOPHARMA: was LOWER with none down less than 2.7% and BIIB -11.38, ABBV -2.53, REGN -10.32, ISRG -27.85, MYL -.58, TEVA -.35, VRTX -8.06, BHC -.61, INCY -2.41, ICPT -8.42 (9.29%), LABU -7.07 (18.72%) and IBB $107.70 -4.61 (4.10%).
CANNABIS: stocks were LOWER again with TLRY -.69, CGC -.71, CRON -.03, GWPH -6.49, ACB -.09, PYX -.32, NBEV- .18, CURLF -.22 and the only winner KERN, maker of compliance software, 5.76 +.86 (17.55%) and MJ $11.34 -.80 (6.59%).
DEFENSE: was SHARLY LOWER with -10.24, RTN -14.12, GD -6.85, TXT -3.85 (11.29%), UTX -11.71 (9.81%), NOC -17.04, BWXT -.34, TDY -15.98, and ITA $116.77 -16.54 (9.02%).
RETAIL was LOWER with the brands only slightly better on the day. M-.79, JWN -3.08 (11.36%), KSS -2.96, DDS -4.04, JCP -.068 (12.11%), WMT -4.81, TGT -2.75, TJX -2.36, RL -8.24, UAA -.37, LULU -10.38, TPR -1.59, CPRI -2.04 (9.97%), NKE -4.30 (4.87%) on Adidas earnings and guidance, and XRT $34.97 -2.70 (7.17%).
FAANG and Big Cap: were LOWER with GOOGL -54.17, AMZN -57.62, AAPL -7.65, FB -6.64, NFLX -11.64, NVDA -12.39, IBM -5.51, TSLA –2.33, BABA -6.88, BIDU 2.51, BA (see above), CAT -5.80, DIS -5.27, and XLK $84.10 -3.54 (4.04%)
FINANCIALS were LOWER with the market and a visit with the president didn’t seem to help. GS -10.10, JMP -3.93, BAC -.81, MS -2.30, MS -2.30, C -4.26, PNC -6.10, AIG -2.64, TRV -5.77, AXP -6.85 and XLF $23.00 -1.15 (4.76%).
OIL, $3432.98 -1.38 The stocks were LOWER with the price of Oil trying to rally and making it to $36.35 before turning back down and closing near the lows. I’m still stand aside this market since it has a lot of work to do to rebuild a base to define the risk. XLE finished $34.25 -1.30 (3.66%).
METALS, GOLD: $1,642 -13.80. After the rebound, and the overnight move to $1,704.30 we sold off as liquidation hit even the yellow metal. We finished nearer the low, and we continued lower today.
BITCOIN: closed $7,855 -140. We broke to the downside overnight and fell to a low of $7,640, which closed a gap left on the breakout back in January. While I want to add the 350 sold just over a week ago, I want to wait and see some stabilization. We still own 400 GBTC with an average of $8.06. GBTC closed $8.64 -62 today.
Tomorrow is another day.
CAM
submitted by Dashover to options [link] [comments]

Aaaaargh

For Trading March 12th
BA CRASHES MARKET
TRAVEL BUSINESSES COLLAPSE
Yields Improve
Today’s market was pounded from the start with the futures overnight falling on the lack of the president showing up after he said he would be appearing and the fact that there were no specifics of his “plan” to address the issues. After trading down all morning to -1067 around 11:45 rates started to firm and we had a rally back to -787, but then rates slipped and we headed to 1665 before a close -1464.94 (5.86%), NASDAQ -382.20 (4.7%), S&P 500 -140.86 (4.89%), the Russell -86.60 (6.41%) and the DJ Transports -394.75 (4.63%). Clearly, the biggest drag on the market was BA -284 DP’s, one of the reasons that the DJIA was a bigger percentage leader on the downside. Market internals were weak with the NYSE 18:1 and the NASDAQ 7.1:1 negative. All of the DJIA stocks were lower with only 2 NOT down in double digits. Between the declaration that the WHO put out calling the COVID-19 a “World-wide Pandemic,” and the banning of spectators at sports events in Washington State and bans on events in San Francisco of over 1000 people, things only got worse when BA declared that it was taking down a $13.8 billion line of credit and a hiring freeze. Since the close, the NCAA has said that March Madness games will also be played without spectators. Even the late- night TV shows are stopping live audiences by this weekend. The one thing that I feel I have to stress here is that this IS NOT A FINANCIAL CRISIS, IT IS A HEALTH CRISIS. While that does little to take the sting out of a 20% decline, it is not a bank (or banks) failure. I know it doesn’t help, but it is the fact. And frankly, the panic is overdone.
Our “open forum” on Discord, which allows me to interact with subscribers and others to allow direct questions and chart opinions on just about any stock, continues to grow with more participants every day. It is informative and allows me to share insights as the market is open and moving. The link is: https://discord.gg/ATvC7YZ and I will be there and active from before the open and all day. It’s a great place to share ideas and gain some insights.
SECTORS: Other names in the news: It was a debacle of a day for the same names as for the last 2 weeks with airlines, cruises, booking companies, and finally BA, the biggest aircraft manufacturer in the world falling. In the airlines we had JBLU -1.01 (6.93%), UAL – 3.22 (6.13%), LUV -307 (6.74%) and DAL -2.80 (6.16%). The cruise lines continued with all down dramatically, but none as bad as NCLH today -5.47 (26.7%), CCL -2.27 (9.45%), and RCL -7.30 (14.13%). The bookers followed with BKNG -116.50 (7.47%) and EXPE –9.26 (10.7%).
As mentioned, BA gets a double (or maybe triple) shot with their 737MAX troubles, yesterday’s issue with wiring bundles, the airlines canceling orders and the fact that they drew on a massive $13.8billion line of credit today. The stock, the leader on the upside moving from $102 in 2016 to a peak of $446 last March has fallen back to 2017 levels, closing $189.08 -73.25 this week and -41.93 (18.15%) today.
BIOPHARMA: was LOWER with none down less than 2.7% and BIIB -11.38, ABBV -2.53, REGN -10.32, ISRG -27.85, MYL -.58, TEVA -.35, VRTX -8.06, BHC -.61, INCY -2.41, ICPT -8.42 (9.29%), LABU -7.07 (18.72%) and IBB $107.70 -4.61 (4.10%).
CANNABIS: stocks were LOWER again with TLRY -.69, CGC -.71, CRON -.03, GWPH -6.49, ACB -.09, PYX -.32, NBEV- .18, CURLF -.22 and the only winner KERN, maker of compliance software, 5.76 +.86 (17.55%) and MJ $11.34 -.80 (6.59%).
DEFENSE: was SHARLY LOWER with -10.24, RTN -14.12, GD -6.85, TXT -3.85 (11.29%), UTX -11.71 (9.81%), NOC -17.04, BWXT -.34, TDY -15.98, and ITA $116.77 -16.54 (9.02%).
RETAIL was LOWER with the brands only slightly better on the day. M-.79, JWN -3.08 (11.36%), KSS -2.96, DDS -4.04, JCP -.068 (12.11%), WMT -4.81, TGT -2.75, TJX -2.36, RL -8.24, UAA -.37, LULU -10.38, TPR -1.59, CPRI -2.04 (9.97%), NKE -4.30 (4.87%) on Adidas earnings and guidance, and XRT $34.97 -2.70 (7.17%).
FAANG and Big Cap: were LOWER with GOOGL -54.17, AMZN -57.62, AAPL -7.65, FB -6.64, NFLX -11.64, NVDA -12.39, IBM -5.51, TSLA –2.33, BABA -6.88, BIDU 2.51, BA (see above), CAT -5.80, DIS -5.27, and XLK $84.10 -3.54 (4.04%)
FINANCIALS were LOWER with the market and a visit with the president didn’t seem to help. GS -10.10, JMP -3.93, BAC -.81, MS -2.30, MS -2.30, C -4.26, PNC -6.10, AIG -2.64, TRV -5.77, AXP -6.85 and XLF $23.00 -1.15 (4.76%).
OIL, $3432.98 -1.38 The stocks were LOWER with the price of Oil trying to rally and making it to $36.35 before turning back down and closing near the lows. I’m still stand aside this market since it has a lot of work to do to rebuild a base to define the risk. XLE finished $34.25 -1.30 (3.66%).
METALS, GOLD: $1,642 -13.80. After the rebound, and the overnight move to $1,704.30 we sold off as liquidation hit even the yellow metal. We finished nearer the low, and we continued lower today.
BITCOIN: closed $7,855 -140. We broke to the downside overnight and fell to a low of $7,640, which closed a gap left on the breakout back in January. While I want to add the 350 sold just over a week ago, I want to wait and see some stabilization. We still own 400 GBTC with an average of $8.06. GBTC closed $8.64 -62 today.
Tomorrow is another day.
CAM
submitted by Dashover to swingtrading [link] [comments]

The Decade in Blockchain — 2010 to 2020 in Review

2010

February — The first ever cryptocurrency exchange, Bitcoin Market, is established. The first trade takes place a month later.
April — The first public bitcoin trade takes place: 1000BTC traded for $30 at an exchange rate of 0.03USD/1BTC
May — The first real-world bitcoin transaction is undertaken by Laszlo Hanyecz, who paid 10000BTC for two Papa John’s pizzas (Approximately $25 USD)
June — Bitcoin developer Gavin Andreson creates a faucet offering 5 free BTC to the public
July — First notable usage of the word “blockchain” appears on BitcoinTalk forum. Prior to this, it was referred to as ‘Proof-of-Work chain’
July — Bitcoin exchange named Magic The Gathering Online eXchange—also known as Mt. Gox—established
August —Bitcoin protocol bug leads to emergency hard fork
December — Satoshi Nakamoto ceases communication with the world

2011

January — One-quarter of the eventual total of 21M bitcoins have been generated
February — Bitcoin reaches parity for the first time with USD
April — Bitcoin reaches parity with EUR and GBP
June — WikiLeaks begins accepting Bitcoin donations
June — Mt. Gox hacked, resulting in suspension of trading and a precipitous price drop for Bitcoin
August — First Bitcoin Improvement Proposal: BIP Purpose and Guidelines
October — Litecoin released
December — Bitcoin featured as a major plot element in an episode of ‘The Good Wife’ as 9.45 million viewers watch.

2012

May — Bitcoin Magazine, founded by Mihai Alisie and Vitalik Buterin, publishes first issue
July — Government of Estonia begins incorporating blockchain into digital ID efforts
September — Bitcoin Foundation created
October — BitPay reports having over 1,000 merchants accepting bitcoin under its payment processing service
November — First Bitcoin halving to 25 BTC per block

2013

February — Reddit begins accepting bitcoins for Gold memberships
March — Cyprus government bailout levies bank accounts with over $100k. Flight to Bitcoin results in major price spike.
May —Total Bitcoin value surpasses 1 billion USD with 11M Bitcoin in circulation
May — The first cryptocurrency market rally and crash takes place. Prices rise from $13 to $220, and then drop to $70
June — First major cryptocurrency theft. 25,000 BTC is stolen from Bitcoin forum founder
July — Mastercoin becomes the first project to conduct an ICO
August — U.S. Federal Court issues opinion that Bitcoin is a currency or form of money
October — The FBI shuts down dark web marketplace Silk Road, confiscating approximately 26,000 bitcoins
November — Vitalik Buterin releases the Ethereum White Paper: “A Next-Generation Smart Contract and Decentralized Application Platform
December — The first commit to the Ethereum codebase takes place

2014

January — Vitalik Buterin announces Ethereum at the North American Bitcoin Conference in Miami
February — HMRC in the UK classifies Bitcoin as private money
March — Newsweek claims Dorian Nakamoto is Bitcoin creator. He is not
April — Gavin Wood releases the Ethereum Yellow Paper: “Ethereum: A Secure Decentralised Generalised Transaction Ledger
June — Ethereum Foundation established in Zug, Switzerland
June — US Marshals Service auctions off 30,000 Bitcoin confiscated from Silk Road. All are purchased by venture capitalist Tim Draper
July — Ethereum token launch raises 31,591 BTC ($18,439,086) over 42 days
September — TeraExchange launches first U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission approved Bitcoin over-the-counter swap
October — ConsenSys is founded by Joe Lubin
December — By year’s end, Paypal, Zynga, u/, Expedia, Newegg, Dell, Dish Network, and Microsoft are all accepting Bitcoin for payments

2015

January — Coinbase opens up the first U.S-based cryptocurrency exchange
February — Stripe initiates bitcoin payment integration for merchants
April — NASDAQ initiates blockchain trial
June — NYDFS releases final version of its BitLicense virtual currency regulations
July — Ethereum’s first live mainnet release—Frontier—launched.
August — Augur, the first token launch on the Ethereum network takes place
September — R3 consortium formed with nine financial institutions, increases to over 40 members within six months
October — Gemini exchange launches, founded by Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss
November — Announcement of first zero knowledge proof, ZK-Snarks
December — Linux Foundation establishes Hyperledger project

2016

January — Zcash announced
February — HyperLedger project announced by Linux Foundation with thirty founding members
March — Second Ethereum mainnet release, Homestead, is rolled out.
April — The DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) launches a 28-day crowdsale. After one month, it raises an Ether value of more than US$150M
May — Chinese Financial Blockchain Shenzhen Consortium launches with 31 members
June — The DAO is attacked with 3.6M of the 11.5M Ether in The DAO redirected to the attacker’s Ethereum account
July — The DAO attack results in a hard fork of the Ethereum Blockchain to recover funds. A minority group rejecting the hard fork continues to use the original blockchain renamed Ethereum Classic
July — Second Bitcoin halving to 12.5BTC per block mined
November — CME Launches Bitcoin Price Index

2017

January — Bitcoin price breaks US$1,000 for the first time in three years
February — Enterprise Ethereum Alliance formed with 30 founding members, over 150 members six months later
March — Multiple applications for Bitcoin ETFs rejected by the SEC
April — Bitcoin is officially recognized as currency by Japan
June — EOS begins its year-long ICO, eventually raising $4 billion
July — Parity hack exposes weaknesses in multisig wallets
August — Bitcoin Cash forks from the Bitcoin Network
October — Ethereum releases Byzantium soft fork network upgrade, part one of Metropolis
September — China bans ICOs
October — Bitcoin price surpasses $5,000 USD for the first time
November — Bitcoin price surpasses $10,000 USD for the first time
December — Ethereum Dapp Cryptokitties goes viral, pushing the Ethereum network to its limits

2018


January — Ethereum price peaks near $1400 USD
March — Google bans all ads pertaining to cryptocurrency
March — Twitter bans all ads pertaining to cryptocurrency
April — 2018 outpaces 2017 with $6.3 billion raised in token launches in the first four months of the year
April — EU government commits $300 million to developing blockchain projects
June — The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission states that Ether is not a security.
July — Over 100,000 ERC20 tokens created
August — New York Stock Exchange owner announces Bakkt, a federally regulated digital asset exchange
October — Bitcoin’s 10th birthday
November — VC investment in blockchain tech surpasses $1 billion
December — 90% of banks in the US and Europe report exploration of blockchain tech

2019

January — Coinstar machines begin selling cryptocurrency at grocery stores across the US
February — Ethereum’s Constantinople hard fork is released, part two of Metropolis
April — Bitcoin surpasses 400 million total transactions
June — Facebook announces Libra
July — United States senate holds hearings titled ‘Examining Regulatory Frameworks for Digital Currencies and Blockchain”
August — Ethereum developer dominance reaches 4x that of any other blockchain
October — Over 80 million distinct Ethereum addresses have been created
September — Santander bank settles both sides of a $20 million bond on Ethereum
November — Over 3000 Dapps created. Of them, 2700 are built on Ethereum
submitted by blockstasy to CryptoTechnology [link] [comments]

The /r/XboxOne Game Of The Year 2018 awards - RESULTS!

Season's greetings /XboxOne & Welcome to the Red Dead Redemption 2 of the year awar..... uhhhh..... I mean Game of the Year awards!
Thank you, everyone, for such an amazing turnout of voters yet again this year! Voter turnout was a little lower this year, as is to be expected with the google account requirement, but I think we can consider these results far more accurate. The final tally was a grand total of 2,454 respondents!

A big thanks to all of you who took the time to fill out the survey.

On with the show!! As always - The votes have been counted correctly, altered based on my own personal bias and edited to reflect the juicy bribes I received in untraceable bitcoin and anime hug pillows.
Each winner has been given a prestigious and totally not imaginary /XboxOne exclusive "award", and are celebrated below.
As a heads up - By their very nature, these awards will contain mild spoilers. You have been warned
BEST SHOOTER

Call of Duty: Black Ops 4

Wow! CoD is back with a redemption arc that would make a shonen protagonist blush! This was actually the closest the awards for best shooter have ever been, with the total votes for the top three coming in at; 643 for COD, 580 for Battlefield V and 570 for Far Cry 5! DANGER CLOSE!
BEST RPG

Assassins Creed: Odyssey

I only had to change 6 letters between this year & last years winners. Despite seriously solid competition from Monster Hunter World & Divinity Original Sin 2 - The huge open world, refined RPG mechanics and awesome gameplay on display here made it only fitting that this Greek epic was democratically elected as this year's winner.
BEST ACTION/ADVENTURE

Red Dead Redemption 2

"Hello sir, do you have a moment to talk about our lord and saviour Red Dead Redemption 2?" - Average /xboxone voter.
Rockstar's latest narrative-driven, open world western rolled up on the rest of the nominees like a highway bandit and robbed em for all they were worth. I get the sneakin suspicion this won't be the last we hear of Rockstar's magnum opus this year...
BEST SOUNDTRACK

Red Dead Redemption 2

Did I speak too soon? There was actually some healthy competition this time, from Forza Horizon 4 and Nier Automata, but it wasn't enough to even put a dent in the juggernaut that is RDR2. It's epic wild west tunes & haunting lyrical numbers were not the sounds of your typical spaghetti western. Rockstar took some serious risks here and it paid off in spades.
BEST NARRATIVE

Red Dead Redemption 2

I would love to be snarky about people voting for RDR2 in every single category just because (The only game I will tolerate for that is Pool Nation FX), but even jaded ole cheese is forced to concede that Rockstar are the unequivocal gaming masters of the character-driven narrative. RDR2 tells a gripping tale with awesome characters, all while being a perfect prequel. An almost impossible narrative task - So hats off to Rockstar. I hope you brought extra luggage for all these awards....
BEST STEALTH GAME

Hitman 2

Congratulations to Red Dead Redemption 2 for taking yet anoth.... Oh.... Sorry I wasn't paying attention. This year saw something of a resurgence of the stealth genre to the point where I could actually include it in the votes! Yay!
Agent 47 returns in the rebooted series for more stealth killing, cosplaying, rake laying, briefcase throwing action. Well done IO Interactive - Nobody saw you coming.
BEST SINGLE PLAYER GAME

Red Dead Redemption 2

Did you know that an Octopus has 3 hearts & that the females actually starve themselves to death for the 3 months it takes their eggs to gestate, either dying before or soon after they hatch?.... Fascinating! Oh, and Red Dead Redemption 2 won best single player game by a ridiculous margin or something.
BEST MULTIPLAYER GAME

Call of Duty: Black Ops 4

There was actually some really fierce competition for this prize with a nail-bitingly close finale - There were only ELEVEN votes between COD & Second place: Forza Horizon 4! Holy cow! Sea of Thieves, Monster Hunter World and Battlefield V were all very close behind as well!
COD's strong return to form and an incredible adaptation of the popular Battle Royale genre into the COD format was more than enough to deserve your votes this year.
BEST SPORTS GAME

FIFA 19

FIFA Series: "What are we going to do this year EA?"
EA: "The same thing we do every year, FIFA. Try to win best sports game in the world"!
BEST DRIVING/RACING GAME

Forza Horizon 4

Ahahahaha! Why do I even hold this category every year? I feel like I should just mail Playground & Turn 10 their award ahead of time to save the fuss. Of all the people who voted in this survey, only 134 did not vote for Forza Horizon 4. You know who you are.... Ya weirdos....
Anyhow, yet again, the best racing game in the world is somehow improved upon with the newest iteration of the Forza series. Stunning graphics, perfect gameplay, boatloads of content and Scottish accents. What more can you ask for, honestly? See you this time next year Forza!
BEST PLATFORMER

Spyro Reignited Trilogy

WHAT IN THE NAME OF TROLLEYS!!! This is the closest vote we have ever had - Dead Cells unfortunately lost the win by only five votes. FIVE! Talk about the razor's edge! Crash Bandicoot and Celeste did well too, but it was not enough to save them from the power of 90s kids. The dragon with attitude was reborn in stunning HD graphics, with new sound, voice and well..... Everything. If there is such thing as a perfect remaster, this may well be as close as we have yet come. A great year for platformers in general - Congrats on your first ever win Toys for Bob!
BEST FIGHTING GAME

Dragonball FighterZ

The votes are rising!... OVERFLOWING!!! Out of nowhere comes one of the most action-packed, well designed and all around awesome 2D fighters of the generation, with a power-level well over 9000, Dragonball FighterZ managed to surpass its limits and take the top spot.
BEST HORROR GAME

Hellblade: Senua's Sacrifice

While this game was originally released in 2017, it finally graced our beloved box in 2018. A truly horrifying trip through Norse mythology, featuring a depiction of psychosis so real they actually had funding from the Wellcome Trust for mental health and had actual psychologists & people who suffer from mental illness consulting on the product to ensure authenticity. Truly a unique story-driven experience that all gamers should experience at least once.... If they dare...
BEST CONSOLE EXCLUSIVE

Forza Horizon 4

Vroom vroom! Sea of Thieves managed to pirate a decent chunk of booty in this category, but it was merely a dent in the glittering horde of votes that Forza sits upon. It is also the highest rated Xbox One exclusive on metacritic with a princely score of 92. Well done once again Playground!
THE "SHOULD HAVE BEEN DELAYED" AWARD

Fallout 76

Sea of Thieves & Battlefield V managed to poke their heads out of the shelter briefly before quickly ducking inside as the atom bomb that was Fallout 76 nuked the vote count into oblivion. "Buggy", "Broken", "Empty" - These are some of the most common words you will hear when talking about Fallout 76, along with perhaps "Oh god why?" and "Where is my bag?". People normally give Bethesda quite a bit of slack on the buggy releases front, but it seems they are starting to run out of rope. Let's hope they get it patched up and looking a little less apocalyptic soon!
BEST GRAPHICS

Red Dead Redemption 2

Sweeping vistas that verge on photorealistic. An obsessive attention to detail. Realistic physics and movement. Variable horse genitalia. RDR2 has all of these and more and is considered by many to be a new benchmark in gaming graphical fidelity that all who follow must be measured against. A true achievement here by Rockstar. One for the history books (pun mostly unintended...)
BEST FREE GAME WITH GOLD

Battlefield 1

Considering Battlefield 1 was able to sweep up "Best Shooter", "Best Sound Design" & "Best Graphics", while also coming in second place for game of the year and even having a cameo in "Most bangable character" for 2016's awards, it is no shock at all that when it was offered to everyone for free - The answer was "Yes please!"
BEST SOUND DESIGN

Red Dead Redemption 2

Lemme just throw this into the pile, shall I? Designing sounds for open world games is no easy task - Particularly when paired with a setting over 100 years old. Never the less, Rockstar did a bang-up job on getting the clippty clop of your horse hooves just right. Hellblade tried its darndest but the RDR2 train has no brakes...
MOST BANG-ABLE CHARACTER

1967 Shelby Cobra - Forza Horizon 4

SHE FINALLY DID IT, FOLKS! - Nominated every year for the last 5 years running, our old girl Shelby was finally able to take her well-deserved title of "Best Girl". Those curves.... Hoo mama...
Jeff Goldblum's voice and the Kracken both seemed likely to take the lead, but it was the tsundere perseverance of our chosen waifu, Shelby-Chan that gave her the edge. "It's not like I wanted you to vote for me or anything... B-BAKA!"
Some entrants this year in the "Other" Category included:
Phill Spencer, Major Nelson, My mother, Todd "Sweet-Little-Lies" Howard, The Cue Ball / Pool Sticks / Pockets from Pool Nation FX, God of War, Deadpool, Lego Batman, Buying a PS4 & The Briefcases in Hitman 2.... And many many more :D
(NOTE: I can't believe that after 5 years the Shelby finally won... Now I need to actually write new in-jokes. Why you gotta do me like this?)
MOST HATED CHARACTER

Absolutely everyone else in multiplayer - Red Dead Redemption 2

Yet another close one. It seemed for the longest time that the winner was decided. To the point where I spent longer than I am comfortable admitting writing jokes about canvas bags - However RDR2 slipped past the guards at the 11th hour and stole the win by a handful of votes, like a truly hateable character should.
It seems that the only flaw Red Dead Redemption 2 has is that other people actually play it...
BEST ONGOING GAME

Fortnite

Flosses rapidly before dabbing on the haters & yeeting the award into a bush
BUYERS REMORSE AWARD

Fallout 76

Regret. Regret never changes.
Sea of Thieves, Metal Gear Survive & State of Decay 2 all threw their hats into the ring, but Fallout 76's ring glitched out and everyone's hats fell through the geometry before the servers crashed, deleting everyone's progress.
OVERALL BEST GAME OF THE YEAR 2018

Red Dead Redemption 2

And this concludes the 2018 Red Dead Redemption 2 of the year awards - With as close to a clean sweep as we have ever seen. Every category it was nominated for, it won (except best multiplayer). None could stand before the might of this western epic, which some have called the "Game of the Generation". At the very least it stands toe to toe with other giants released this generation, such as underappreciated hidden gems like Witcher 3.
Here is what the results looked like: https://i.imgur.com/8ELhOrg.png
A truly epic game by Rockstar that was nearly a decade in the making and is something all gamers owe it to themselves to at least try once to see what gaming truly can be.
A big thanks to everyone who voted once again! See you all in 2019 for the Cyberpunk of the Year awards!!! Love - Uncle Cheese.
submitted by delicious_cheese to xboxone [link] [comments]

Australians, you need to start buying as much crypto as you can.

I’m Australian, this isn’t meant to be an alarmist or sensationalist post, but the economic situation in our country is a lot more serious than most of us think.
First off, the current economic situation.
Simply put, our economy is fucked. Our housing market is dangerously overleveraged and because of policies by our government at the time, we never experienced the correction the US and most of the rest of the world did during the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. And now the chickens are coming home to roost. Australians are up to their eyeballs in debt, almost half of the housing loans are interest only, it’s the reason the Reserve Bank of Australia hasn’t raised the interest rates since 2016. Because as soon as they do, even by 0.01%, tens of thousands of Australians are going to default on their mortgages. It’s no secret that our housing market is one of the most expensive in the world, and anyone living in our country already knows this. The market value of Australian homes is 4 times the GDP of the country. Our housing market is beyond the point of saving and the bubble is about to pop. And while our mainstream media is trying to convince us that it will deflate slowly, history paints a different picture.
And that’s just the start of our problems. It’s no secret that China is our biggest trading partner. We rely on China more than any other developed country in the world. And what is currently happening on the greater global stage? Our most important military ally has engaged in a trade war with China, and the effects of that trade war are starting to be felt. Chinese stocks are in freefall, and that’s only going to be the beginning of the negative effects from Trump’s hardline approach to dealing with China. It doesn’t take a genius to see that this is going to have a devastating effect on our economy.
Our biggest trading partner is having a financial gunfight with the USA, which is going to result in them buying less of our stuff. And still that isn’t the end of it. Mining is down. Commodities prices are down. Our manufacturing sector is almost dead. The only thing we have going for us at the moment is agriculture and that can’t prop up the entire economy. You wanna turn white? Read this article from last year. Our economy is teetering on the precipice.
You think I’m being dramatic? Well even the Australian MSM can no longer ignore it. With articles like this appearing almost on the daily. Our dollar is in serious trouble, anyone who knows the slightest bit about TA go look at the graphs in that article. Our country is in serious economic trouble. And we don’t know shit about it because our media is a duopoly that makes most of its money from their real estate arms. All signs are pointing to our dollar about to be worth a hell of a lot less than it currently is.
What can we do?
Since this is the crypto subreddit the solution to this impending economic shitstorm should be painfully obvious. Buy fucking Bitcoin. Not the solution for the country, for you. The country isn’t going to do shit for anyone of us except saddle us with debt and a cooked economy that is going to take generations to get out of, if ever. So we should be diversifying. Sure buying gold probably isn’t a stupid idea either, but if you think that is proof against state intervention, read a history book. Even then, gold still needs to be converted into cash to be useful, and anyone paying attention can see that Australia is gearing up for a war on cash that borders on tyrannical. The only way for us as individuals to protect our wealth at the moment is to convert it into cryptocurrency.
But Bitcoin is low at the moment!
No shit. But if you think it’s going to stay that way you are 1. In the wrong subreddit, and 2. No paying attention to the macro factors of crypto. Wall St is gearing up to enter. The bank that runs the world is getting involved. And not just American banks. Bitcoin may be low now but if you know anything about market cycles, you know that it’ll be back. Here is a good comparison of BTC a few years ago as opposed to now. It’s almost at the point where it’s irresponsible not to be buying bitcoin, and I’m not the only one that holds this opinion. Worst case scenario, bitcoin falls to USD 3k. What do you think is going to happen after that? Bitcoin and crypto aren’t going anywhere and you’re kidding yourself if you think that the value of bitcoin isn’t going to be much higher in the years to come.
Of course the RBA is telling people that Bitcoin is dead, probably because they don’t want Australians to dump their soon to be worthless fiat currency. In fact one any given day you’ll see a bunch of anti-crypto propaganda on our MSM. The same MSM that has been telling us all to buy as many houses as we can for the last 20 years. The same MSM that up until now hasn’t said shit about the direction our economy is heading in.
The writing’s on the wall people. If we keep our wealth in AUD it’s going to be worth considerably less sooner rather than later. Our property sector is going to crash, our dollar is going to crash, our personal wealth is going to be stripped away from us. If you want to avoid this, if you want to protect your wealth, ensure a future that isn’t financial hardship, then we really only have one choice. Buy bitcoin. Personally I am converting half my pay each week into BTC and just holding it. Not putting it into alts. Just btc. I’d advise you do the same as well. I understand that this sounds super risky. But if you read the articles I’ve linked to in this post I’m sure you’ll see that the only risky move is doing nothing. This isn’t a joke or a false alarm. The notion that our economy has always been fine up until now isn’t valid anymore. If you want to protect your personal wealth and purchasing power in the next few years, you really should be buying as much btc as you can while it is this low. This is what crypto is for, avoiding the negative financial downturns of specific countries. It’s a globally traded commodity that is accessible by anyone with a computer. Our economy tanking isn’t going to affect the price one bit.
I hope some of this has been useful. Listen to me, don’t listen to me, it’s your choice. But this is the digital age, there’s no excuse for ignorance anymore.
submitted by Sendmyabar to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Here's a list of 520+ free online programming/CS courses (MOOCs) with feedback(i.e. exams/homeworks/assignments) that you can start this month (October 2016)

Unfortunately I couldn't fit all the courses here because of Reddit's 40,000 character limit. So I removed older self-paced courses from the list. These courses are always open for registration.
They can be found here:
~300 Self Paced Programming and Computer Science courses
I have also started categorizing the courses listed here by the programming language they are taught in. You can find the list here:
~250 MOOCs categorized by Programming Language
This is not the complete list of MOOCs starting in October 2016, just the ones relevant to this community. The complete list of courses starting in October 2016 can be found over at Class Central (1800+ courses). I maintain a much bigger list of these courses over at Class Central
Get this list every month via email : Subscribe
NOTE: Unfortunately Coursera has converted many of its courses to 'Premium Grading'. Which basically means that you need to pay if you want to access graded assignments :(. You can also apply for Financial Aid - https://learner.coursera.help/hc/en-us/articles/209819033-Apply-for-Financial-Aid
BEGINNER(28)
Course Name Start Date Length (in weeks) Rating
AP® Computer Science Principles via edX Self paced NA NA
Introduction to CSS3 via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 4.6★ (7)
[NEW] Introduction to Web Development via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Internet History, Technology, and Security via Coursera 3rd Oct 10 4.6★ (28)
Data to Insight: an Introduction to Data Analysis via FutureLearn 3rd Oct 8 4★ (2)
Programming Foundations with JavaScript, HTML and CSS via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.8★ (9)
Introduction to Cyber Security via FutureLearn 3rd Oct 8 4.2★ (18)
Introduction to Programming with Java, Part 1: Starting to Code with Java via edX 4th Oct NA 3★ (2)
How To Create a Website in a Weekend! (Project-Centered Course) via Coursera 10th Oct 3 5★ (1)
Ruby on Rails: An Introduction via Coursera 10th Oct 3 3.1★ (48)
Learn to Code for Data Analysis via FutureLearn 10th Oct 4 3★ (1)
Build a Modern Computer from First Principles: From Nand to Tetris (Project-Centered Course) via Coursera 10th Oct 6 4.8★ (12)
Code Yourself! An Introduction to Programming via Coursera 10th Oct 5 4.3★ (6)
CODAPPS: Coding mobile apps for entrepreneurs via Coursera 10th Oct 8 5★ (1)
[NEW] Python Programming: A Concise Introduction via Coursera 10th Oct NA NA
HTML, CSS, and Javascript for Web Developers via Coursera 10th Oct 5 5★ (4)
HTML, CSS and JavaScript via Coursera 10th Oct 3 4.1★ (13)
Introduction to HTML5 via Coursera 10th Oct 3 4.1★ (30)
Introduction to the Internet of Things and Embedded Systems via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3.7★ (6)
An Introduction to Interactive Programming in Python (Part 2) via Coursera 17th Oct 4 4.8★ (40)
Usable Security via Coursera 17th Oct 7 2.9★ (8)
Introduction to Programming with MATLAB via Coursera 17th Oct 9 4.9★ (141)
An Introduction to Interactive Programming in Python (Part 1) via Coursera 17th Oct 5 4.9★ (2816)
Creative Programming for Digital Media & Mobile Apps via Coursera 24th Oct NA 4★ (10)
[NEW] AP Computer Science A: Java Programming Data Structures and Loops via edX 24th Oct NA NA
Learn to Program: The Fundamentals via Coursera 24th Oct 10 4.8★ (81)
Introduction à la programmation orientée objet (en Java) via Coursera 24th Oct 7 5★ (1)
Begin Programming: Build Your First Mobile Game via FutureLearn 31st Oct 7 3.9★ (7)
INTERMEDIATE(154)
Course Name Start Date Length (in weeks) Rating
M233: Getting Started with Spark and MongoDB via MongoDB University Self paced NA NA
Android Basics: Data Storage via Udacity Self paced NA NA
[NEW] Essential Design Principles for Tableau via Coursera 1st Oct NA NA
Software Defined Networking via Coursera 1st Oct NA 4★ (5)
Client Needs and Software Requirements via Coursera 1st Oct 4 4.3★ (6)
Client Needs and Software Requirements via Coursera 1st Oct 4 4.3★ (6)
Agile Planning for Software Products via Coursera 1st Oct 4 3★ (2)
VLSI CAD Part I: Logic via Coursera 1st Oct 10 5★ (3)
Software Processes and Agile Practices via Coursera 1st Oct 4 4.3★ (9)
Introduction to Software Product Management via Coursera 1st Oct 2 4.2★ (10)
Reviews & Metrics for Software Improvements via Coursera 1st Oct 4 NA
Discrete Optimization via Coursera 2nd Oct 9 4.3★ (11)
Internet Emerging Technologies via Coursera 3rd Oct 3 3★ (2)
Java Programming: Arrays, Lists, and Structured Data via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 4.3★ (3)
Multiplatform Mobile App Development with Web Technologies via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 5★ (1)
Responsive Web Design via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.3★ (10)
Big Data Integration and Processing via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Robotic Vision via EdCast 3rd Oct 9 4.8★ (4)
Algorithms on Strings via Coursera 3rd Oct NA 3★ (1)
Introduction To Swift Programming via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 1.2★ (5)
Fundamentals of Visualization with Tableau via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Mastering the Software Engineering Interview via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 5★ (1)
Cloud Computing Applications, Part 1: Cloud Systems and Infrastructure via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 3.4★ (7)
Data Management and Visualization via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 2.4★ (5)
Cryptography via Coursera 3rd Oct 7 4.2★ (6)
Managing Data Analysis via Coursera 3rd Oct 1 1.8★ (6)
iOS App Development Basics via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 4★ (2)
Data Analysis Tools via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3★ (3)
Principles of Machine Learning via edX 3rd Oct NA NA
Testing with Agile via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Internet of Things: How did we get here? via Coursera 3rd Oct 2 2★ (5)
Cloud Computing Concepts: Part 2 via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 4.8★ (4)
Cybersecurity and Mobility via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Data Science in Real Life via Coursera 3rd Oct 1 3★ (8)
Introduction to Meteor.js Development via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 5★ (3)
[NEW] The R Programming Environment via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Big Data: Mathematical Modelling via FutureLearn 3rd Oct 2 NA
Process Mining: Data science in Action via Coursera 3rd Oct 6 4.3★ (12)
[NEW] Programming Languages, Part C via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Big Data, Cloud Computing, & CDN Emerging Technologies via Coursera 3rd Oct 3 3.3★ (4)
Wireless Communication Emerging Technologies via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 3.7★ (3)
Algorithms, Part I via Coursera 3rd Oct 6 4.4★ (37)
Running Product Design Sprints via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 NA
Internet of Things & Augmented Reality Emerging Technologies via Coursera 3rd Oct 2 2.5★ (2)
R Programming via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 2.7★ (210)
The Data Scientist’s Toolbox via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.2★ (141)
Getting and Cleaning Data via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.4★ (47)
Practical Machine Learning via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.4★ (20)
Exploratory Data Analysis via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.8★ (32)
Cybersecurity and the X-Factor via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Regression Models via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 2.6★ (27)
Statistical Inference via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 2.7★ (26)
Dealing With Missing Data via Coursera 3rd Oct NA NA
Reproducible Research via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.7★ (22)
Machine Learning via Coursera 3rd Oct 11 4.8★ (204)
Internet of Things: Setting Up Your DragonBoard™ Development Platform via Coursera 3rd Oct 10 3★ (3)
Introduction to Big Data via Coursera 3rd Oct 3 2.6★ (27)
Algorithms: Design and Analysis, Part 1 via Coursera 3rd Oct 6 4.7★ (52)
Algorithmic Toolbox via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 4.7★ (6)
Cryptography I via Coursera 3rd Oct 7 4.7★ (38)
A Crash Course in Data Science via Coursera 3rd Oct 1 3.3★ (14)
Data Visualization and Communication with Tableau via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 4★ (7)
Java Programming: Solving Problems with Software via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 3.3★ (8)
Database Management Essentials via Coursera 3rd Oct 7 3.8★ (4)
Hadoop Platform and Application Framework via Coursera 3rd Oct 5 1.9★ (19)
Front-End Web UI Frameworks and Tools via Coursera 3rd Oct 4 4.3★ (6)
Algorithms: Design and Analysis, Part 2 via Coursera 3rd Oct 6 4.8★ (16)
A developer's guide to the Internet of Things (IoT) via Coursera 3rd Oct NA 4★ (1)
Java for Android via Coursera 4th Oct 4 NA
Data Visualization via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3.2★ (15)
Framework for Data Collection and Analysis via Coursera 10th Oct NA 3.5★ (2)
Interactivity with JavaScript via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.3★ (6)
Responsive Website Basics: Code with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3.9★ (20)
Introduction to Spreadsheets and Models via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.7★ (3)
Functional Program Design in Scala via Coursera 10th Oct NA NA
The Raspberry Pi Platform and Python Programming for the Raspberry Pi via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3.5★ (2)
Biology Meets Programming: Bioinformatics for Beginners via Coursera 10th Oct 4 5★ (5)
Best Practices for iOS User Interface Design via Coursera 10th Oct 4 5★ (1)
Algorithms on Graphs via Coursera 10th Oct NA 4★ (1)
Big Data Modeling and Management Systems via Coursera 10th Oct NA NA
Advanced Algorithms and Complexity via Coursera 10th Oct NA NA
Java Programming: Principles of Software Design via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.7★ (3)
Programming Mobile Applications for Android Handheld Systems: Part 2 via Coursera 10th Oct 5 4.5★ (12)
Interfacing with the Arduino via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4★ (4)
Toward the Future of iOS Development with Swift via Coursera 10th Oct 4 NA
Advanced Data Structures in Java via Coursera 10th Oct 5 NA
Interfacing with the Raspberry Pi via Coursera 10th Oct 4 1★ (1)
Web Application Development with JavaScript and MongoDB via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.2★ (5)
Data Manipulation at Scale: Systems and Algorithms via Coursera 10th Oct 4 2.5★ (4)
Data Structures and Performance via Coursera 10th Oct 5 5★ (3)
Approximation Algorithms Part I via Coursera 10th Oct 5 5★ (2)
Getting Started: Agile Meets Design Thinking via Coursera 10th Oct 5 5★ (1)
Text Retrieval and Search Engines via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3.2★ (5)
Games, Sensors and Media via Coursera 10th Oct 4 NA
Advanced Styling with Responsive Design via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.7★ (3)
Beginning Game Programming with C# via Coursera 10th Oct 12 3.4★ (14)
Programming Mobile Applications for Android Handheld Systems: Part 1 via Coursera 10th Oct 5 4.1★ (35)
Managing an Agile Team via Coursera 10th Oct NA 2★ (1)
Cybersecurity and the Internet of Things via Coursera 10th Oct NA NA
Data Warehouse Concepts, Design, and Data Integration via Coursera 10th Oct 5 5★ (1)
Responsive Website Tutorial and Examples via Coursera 10th Oct 4 5★ (1)
App Design and Development for iOS via Coursera 10th Oct 5 3★ (2)
Foundations of Objective-C App Development via Coursera 10th Oct 4 3★ (2)
Functional Programming Principles in Scala via Coursera 10th Oct 7 4.8★ (45)
Ruby on Rails Web Services and Integration with MongoDB via Coursera 10th Oct 4 4.8★ (4)
Object Oriented Programming in Java via Coursera 10th Oct 6 4.8★ (10)
Build Your First Android App (Project-Centered Course) via Coursera 10th Oct 5 3★ (1)
Managing Big Data with MySQL via Coursera 10th Oct 5 3.8★ (5)
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My journey to a quick FIRE path after unproductive 20s

Anyone else planning on FIRE thanks to Bitcoin?
Don't worry this post is more than about Bitcoin, it includes all the greats - frugal living, wasted college degree, low paying jobs in my 20s, minimalism, vanlife, not even thinking about saving for retirement until my 30s, lots of debt, lots of ups and downs, and now working on a happy ending and FIRE!
Note for the haters:
The post is mostly about my story but does involve talking about how I am achieving a very fast FIRE thanks to Bitcoin. I’m sure my post will get a lot of hate since Bitcoin is an emerging asset which means 99% of people don’t yet understand it, and people tend to dislike what they don’t understand. Bottle that hatred up inside you or just move on. This is for people interested in FIRE journeys and doing FIRE fast, not for judging how people get to FIRE based on their own personal bias.

My Story:
Middle class upbringing, parents paid for college. Got a history degree, didn’t use it for anything, had no idea what I actually wanted to do for a career. Spent most of my 20s working low paying jobs. In my mid-20’s I left my home state and started moving around a bunch, living in 8 states in about 8 years. I was always frugal because I never had good jobs so never had much excess money, a very valuable lesson in money management. I think things would be totally different for me if I came out of college with a career and a good job - I probably would be the typical high spending average American.
Because I started moving around once every year or so by my mid-20s, that meant I didn’t have a job a good amount of the time as I would just pick up and move somewhere, take some time to relax at the new place, then slowly start looking for a job, not the smartest thing to do haha! So the most I ever made in a year (pre-tax) before 2016, the year I turned 33, was just $17k! That was when I was like 24/25 and had an $11/hour paying job to start the year and then moved to a $12/hour paying job for more than half the year. Both my highest paying jobs in my 20’s, That was 2008, I then left that job and started my nomad ways as previously mentioned.
In 2008 when I moved across country on a whim, that meant I had to get rid of most of my stuff, including my car cuz it sucked. And as I continued moving I desired having to ship less boxes each time. And so I went from being frugal out of necessity from low income, to being a minimalist out of necessity of nomadic choices. It would be another three years until a girlfriend at the time introduced me to the idea of minimalism (and tiny houses, which are cool!) so by the time I discovered that minimalism was a thing I had already been practicing it for a few years. Reading about minimalism would eventually lead me to discover FIRE another few years later.
In my late 20’s I decided to go back to school to get into tech, this involved me eventually getting up to $100k in debt, and I had some bumps along the way (mostly thanks to choosing what ended up being a crappy school) but finally about a year and a half after leaving school, and 3 moves later, I got a job at a startup in mid-2015, where I worked for 3 months and promptly left (don’t worry they went out of business two months after I left). I then moved again, spent a few months not working, again was about to grow broke for the Nth time when I got a job at a startup and I’ve been working full time the past almost 3 and a half years ever sense - longest by far I've ever worked in my life. This year the company got acquired so now I work at a big tech company and got a decent payout ($74k after taxes) and my salary was doubled.
To show you how little I was thinking about retirement, and I knew nothing about FIRE, at the time I was going back to school to study computer science I remember telling my best friend that since I am so frugal once I start working in tech I figure I will be able to give away/donate around half my money every year to help others. So altruistic right!? Of course I had never thought about saving or investing for retirement and I was planning on just giving all my money away instead of preparing for retirement (at any age)! At some point before I got out of school probably I discovered FIRE and started for the first time thinking about saving for retirement. Just before I got out of school I also learned about Bitcoin in late 2013 from a coworker at an internship I was doing that Fall.
After many ups and downs with crypto investing, the biggest mistakes of which was trying to day trade for a long time and in 2015 at the bottom of the market deciding to stop believing in Bitcoin and sell everything that I still had that I didn’t lose to day trading. In the spring of 2017 I saw Bitcoin had returned to its old peak price and promptly started investing it in again, just putting all my spare money into Bitcoin and to a lesser extent Ethereum instead of paying off loans - obviously I was still paying the monthly minimum on my loans. My main problem that year became that I got back into day trading as well and ended up losing a few bitcoin. Nevertheless my portfolio soared to around $270k in December 2017, just before the latest crypto crash happened. So with my roughly $100k in debt I very briefly reached a net worth of around $170k.
The final couple mistakes in crypto I made was not realizing a full on crash was coming so I didn’t sell any, but then continued to day trade in 2018 losing a bunch more bitcoin as the price went down. By mid-2018 I had just under $100k in debt, still a good amount of Bitcoin but far far less than the $270k worth that I had a half year earlier.
At this point, 11 months ago, I decided to try out van life! Not as some hardcore way to FIRE by sacrificing everything and living a dismal life in order to FIRE quickly, but because I loved the idea of vanlife!
I had started watching van life youtube channels around the Fall/Winter of 2017/2018 and it appealed to my nomadic ways. I don’t even know how I came upon the first one, probably by complete accident and I was like woah this seems cool. In June of 2018 I made the decision to do it. The plan was to leave my job with a few thousand dollars saved and be working on some side hustles and scrape by living and traveling in the van full time and hopefully get up to the point where I’m making a living on my own, away from the daily grind of a normal job. Over the next couple of months I sold some of my Bitcoin to pay off my largest loan which had a monthly payment that was just too much of a burden to hold if I was going to quit my job and risk everything by working on my own with minimal savings. I was now down to less than half the Bitcoin I had bought in 2017 with the bear market still in full swing, and I was planning on leaving my job with only $6000 in the bank at some point in the Fall.
I bought my van in July, and two weeks later the boss of the startup I worked at said we might get acquired in the Fall. Since that would be financially beneficial to me I decided to stay long enough to see if the acquisition happened. I built out my van and moved into it Sept 30th last year, and been living in it ever since. We got acquired in January this year. Thanks to the money I made for the acquisition I paid off the rest of my debt and invested the rest in Bitcoin, which was unbelievable timing because Bitcoin was at the bottom of the market at the time! Really this fact alone - acquisition while Bitcoin was at the market bottom - put me on a path to very quick FIRE.
Also I should mention my parents lent me $20k for schooling, which they took out of whatever trust they have for my inheritance (no idea how much is in there), but late last year they gave my older brother and his wife $16k to help them get a new car when one of theirs suddenly broke down, so they forgave $16k of mine and my other brother’s debt to them to even it out for everyone. They had taken it out of our inheritance anyway so now we all just have $16k less in our inheritance, which I assume is a significant portion of it.
Anyway, now I’m making over $100k at the company that bought us out, living in a van, debt free as of January, the past 5 months I’ve put all my spare money from the acquisition and my salary into cryptocurrency, vast majority into Bitcoin. I also for the first time in my life have some money invested in the stock market through my 401k at this new company, but its only a few thousand dollars, just enough to pick up what the company matches.
For the next few months I will save up a good amount of money in the bank and do what I had planned to do last Fall - quit my job and travel full time in the van. I’ll be working on side hustles and trying to make money on my own building software, could be freelance, or occasionally taking remote contract jobs, I dunno, gonna see where a life of no 9-5 job and lots of van life travel takes me! Super excited! Not FI yet but will leave my job and work on income streams on my own and travel full time, which is the life I’m looking for right now. I’m sure at some point I’ll settle down (maybe…) but very excited to soon be post-job thanks to the savings I’ll building up in the next few months.
Meanwhile now that the Bitcoin bear market ended and the bull market started a month and a half ago, my portfolio is getting is around $230k as of today (I put in about $76k this year I think, and still had probably like $15k left of the 2017 buys after selling stuff and bad trading). So I’m quickly coming up on a quarter million dollars net worth, and I have high confidence before the next bitcoin peak in the next couple of years I’ll have enough to sell, diversify into stocks, use some of the money to buy back into bitcoin on the next bottom in a few years, and have enough in stocks to live off just dividends, taking a 0% withdrawal rate and have completed FIRE. In the meantime starting in a few months I’ll already be living a FIRE-ish lifestyle, no job or boss, still working hard though to try to make my (low) cost of living through side hustles working for myself, and traveling full time.
I just turned 36, never invested in stocks before this year, less than $5k in stocks now, ~$240k NW and growing rapidly, went from $100k debt to $0 debt (with $16k of that forgiven, thanks parents!) in a single year last year, slowly working on making money on my own, will quit my job and travel full time in probably less than 4 months, and looking to FIRE in a couple years. That’s my story! Thanks for reading!
submitted by myDogHasDreams to financialindependence [link] [comments]

Bitcoin at $136,000: Can it become the new gold standard?

Over the past year, Bitcoin’s been on a wild ride from a low of $1,183 to a peak of $19,401.
With Bitcoin’s skyrocketing prices, detractors from J.P. Morgan chief Jamie Dimon (“[Bitcoin] is a fraud”) to Berkshire Hathaway CEO Warren Buffett (“I can say almost with certainty that [cryptocurrencies] will come to a bad ending”) have been quick to decry the digital currency as a bubble.
Predicting a crypto bubble has become the latest trend as Bitcoin and other currencies have risen meteorically. In spite of this, Bitcoin has shown that it is still a new asset with room to grow.
Bitcoin’s current market cap of $134 billion, is massive compared to most companies, and even some countries. But this pales in significance compared to traditional assets like gold. If Bitcoin becomes a widely accepted store of value, it may one day replace some of the functions of gold in the market.
Today, there is an estimated 190,040 tonnes of gold above ground in the world, with 54,000 known reserves below ground that can be mined. At today’s rate of $1,335 per ounce, that means there’s around $11.5 trillion worth of gold in the world that we know about.
Imagine that Bitcoin replaces 25% of today’s gold market. Bitcoin would leapfrog another 17x above today’s current prices.
Here’s some (very rough) back-of-the-paper-wallet math:
25% of $11.5 trillion gold reserves = $2.86 trillion $1.975 trillion market cap of bitcoin / 21 million bitcoin = 136,190 price per bitcoin While this scenario may seem extremely far-fetched, it’s not completely out of the realm of reality. In this article, we’ll look at some of the key characteristics that Bitcoin shares with gold that make it useful as a store of value and speculate around how Bitcoin might eat into the dominance of gold.
What is a Store of Value? Skeptics like to point out that Bitcoin isn’t that useful as a currency. It can have high fees, long transaction times, and comes with numerous security risks. It’s still much easier to pay for goods and services with a credit card than sending bitcoin to someone’s public address.
Yet all these things actually make Bitcoin similar to something people have valued for thousands of years: gold.
Gold has certain properties that make it useful. It conducts electricity well, and it looks pretty. But if you compare gold to more common metals such as copper or nickel, it’s actually a lot less useful for making things — it bends too easily.
The main utility of gold is that it functions as a store of value. Because gold is extremely scarce and expensive to produce it tends to retain value over time. If you buy gold today, you’ll likely be able to exchange it for a similar amount in the future.
To understand how gold functions as a store of value and how Bitcoin might replace it, we have to dig deeper into the history of gold.
A Brief Primer on Gold Gold has been valued and used as a store of value for millennia. The first known use of gold as currency began several thousand years ago in Asia.
Even with the widespread adoption of paper currency in the form of bank notes in the 19th century, the gold standard remained the most popular financial system in the world. Nations would set a fixed price that they would trade gold for paper money. For centuries, gold was an acceptable form of currency. That’s a big part of why gold is still valuable today — we believe that gold is valuable, and this belief has been culturally ingrained.
Gold has a number of properties that make it useful for this purpose. For starters, it lasts a really long time.The chemical half-life of gold is 168 days, compared to 130 days for silver, and a mere 61 hours for copper.
Gold is also easy to split up into smaller parts and transport. You can remelt a gold ingot into smaller gold coins, or even smaller pieces of jewelry. It’s also portable: an ounce of gold is worth $1,335 and weighs the same as a slice of bread. It’s estimated that the 190,040 tonnes of gold above ground would fit into a cube with 67 foot sides.
Today, we use gold for many different things. Jewelry is the most common use-case representing roughly 48% of all above-ground gold. 21% is used for private investment, whether in the physical form of gold bullion or in financial instruments like exchange-traded funds. Another 17% is used by the official sector by central banks as a reserve currency. The other 14% is used for other purposes, from industrial applications like electronics to dentistry.
source: World Gold Council
While the gold standard has largely been abandoned, gold remains a useful hedge against currency instability.
That’s because gold is inherently scarce, with a limited supply. On average, 1,500–3,000 tonnes of gold is mined each year, adding a mere 1–2% annual increase to the supply of gold. It’s also highly liquid and can be exchanged for money anywhere in the world.
Central banks buy gold to avoid currency risks and hedge against inflation. Gold is held in reserve and can be liquidated quickly in times of crises. In 2016, Russia’s central bank purchased 201 tonnes of gold in response to a weakening rouble and international sanctions, making it the largest acquirer of gold.
Today, gold continues to retain its significance because it operates as a store of value that’s removed from the financial system.
The Bull Case for Bitcoin: Why Bitcoin may replace Gold On the surface, Bitcoin and gold couldn’t be more different. Bitcoin is a digital, peer-to-peer currency created in 2008, and distributed across nodes around the world. Gold is a natural element that is mined from the ground, and which has been used as a store of value for millennia.
Despite these differences, Bitcoin and gold both share characteristics that make them useful as a store of value:
Just like the supply of gold is constrained to the amount that can be mined, the supply of Bitcoin is written into the code and maxes out at 21 million coins. While gold is relatively portable, can be verified, and divided into smaller units, Bitcoin is cryptographically secured, controlled via private key, and can be divided infinitely. That gives it distinct advantages over gold as a store of value.
While gold is useful as a store of value because it’s valuable relative to physical size, this still adds up when you’re operating at scale. For example, when the German central bank wanted to bring home 374 metric tons of gold back to Frankfurt, the gold had to be assessed for purity, be remolded from bullion into bars, then secured and transported. The whole operation cost $ 9 million. There’s a clear argument that a digital currency like Bitcoin would be much better suited to maintain reserves than gold bars.
Central banks are already beginning to look at the benefits of digital currencies. The Swedish central bank is investigating the possibility of launching a digital supplement to cash, called the e-krona. Singapore is experimenting with use-cases for cryptocurrency from cross-border payments to creating a digital Singapore dollar.
Similar to gold, Bitcoin sees high usage as a store of value in countries with currency controls or instability. In Argentina, for example, people use Bitcoin to circumvent government currency controls mean, saving nearly 40% on foreign currency exchanges. In Venezuela, Bitcoin usage has become widespread to buy everything from food to movie tickets in the face of 2,616% inflation. The Venezuelan government even launched its own contentious cryptocurrency, called the Petro, in an effort to circumvent international sanctions.
Like gold, Bitcoin provides a store of value that’s separated from the official financial system. Unlike gold, Bitcoin is far easier to hold onto and exchange. If 25% of the gold that’s used as a store of value in jewelry, private investment, and the official sector moves to Bitcoin, we may see Bitcoin at $136,190.
The New Gold Standard Bitcoin rose from the 2008 financial crash, promising a digital currency free from central bank intervention. This is something that we’ve always needed — just look at gold. Gold is useful because it provides a store of value outside of currency and stock markets. Bitcoin, if it’s able to address key technical and scalability challenges, has the potential to do the same.
What’s important to remember is that despite the boom-and-bust hype cycle, we’re still in the early innings.
https://blog.sfox.com/bitcoin-at-136-000-can-it-become-the-new-gold-standard-ee98b11aacfc
submitted by pmp301 to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

Long live decentralized bitcoin(!) A reading list

Newbs might not know this, but bitcoin recently came out of an intense internal drama. Between July 2015 and August 2017 bitcoin was attacked by external forces who were hoping to destroy the very properties that made bitcoin valuable in the first place. This culminated in the creation of segwit and the UASF (user activated soft fork) movement. The UASF was successful, segwit was added to bitcoin and with that the anti-decentralization side left bitcoin altogether and created their own altcoin called bcash. Bitcoin's price was $2500, soon after segwit was activated the price doubled to $5000 and continued rising until a top of $20000 before correcting to where we are today.
During this drama, I took time away from writing open source code to help educate and argue on reddit, twitter and other social media. I came up with a reading list for quickly copypasting things. It may be interesting today for newbs or anyone who wants a history lesson on what exactly happened during those two years when bitcoin's very existence as a decentralized low-trust currency was questioned. Now the fight has essentially been won, I try not to comment on reddit that much anymore. There's nothing left to do except wait for Lightning and similar tech to become mature (or better yet, help code it and test it)
In this thread you can learn about block sizes, latency, decentralization, segwit, ASICBOOST, lightning network and all the other issues that were debated endlessly for over two years. So when someone tries to get you to invest in bcash, remind them of the time they supported Bitcoin Unlimited.
For more threads like this see UASF

Summary / The fundamental tradeoff

A trip to the moon requires a rocket with multiple stages by gmaxwell (must read) https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/438hx0/a_trip_to_the_moon_requires_a_rocket_with/
Bram Cohen, creator of bittorrent, argues against a hard fork to a larger block size https://medium.com/@bramcohen/bitcoin-s-ironic-crisis-32226a85e39f#.558vetum4
gmaxwell's summary of the debate https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1343716.msg13701818#msg13701818
Core devs please explain your vision (see luke's post which also argues that blocks are already too big) https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/61yvvv/request_to_core_devs_please_explain_your_vision/
Mod of btc speaking against a hard fork https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/57hd14/core_reaction_to_viabtc_this_week/d8scokm/
It's becoming clear to me that a lot of people don't understand how fragile bitcoin is https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/59kflj/its_becoming_clear_to_me_that_a_lot_of_people/
Blockchain space must be costly, it can never be free https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4og24h/i_just_attended_the_distributed_trade_conference/
Charlie Lee with a nice analogy about the fundamental tradeoff https://medium.com/@SatoshiLite/eating-the-bitcoin-cake-fc2b4ebfb85e#.444vr8shw
gmaxwell on the tradeoffs https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1520693.msg15303746#msg15303746
jratcliff on the layering https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/59upyh/segwit_the_poison_pill_for_bitcoin/d9bstuw/

Scaling on-chain will destroy bitcoin's decentralization

Peter Todd: How a floating blocksize limit inevitably leads towards centralization [Feb 2013] https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=144895.0 mailing list https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2013-February/002176.html with discussion on reddit in Aug 2015 https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/3hnvi8/just_a_little_history_lesson_for_everyone_new_the/
Nick Szabo's blog post on what makes bitcoin so special http://unenumerated.blogspot.com/2017/02/money-blockchains-and-social-scalability.html
There is academic research showing that even small (2MB) increases to the blocksize results in drastic node dropoff counts due to the non-linear increase of RAM needed. http://bravenewcoin.com/assets/Whitepapers/block-size-1.1.1.pdf
Reddit summary of above link. In this table, you can see it estimates a 40% drop immediately in node count with a 2MB upgrade and a 50% over 6 months. At 4mb, it becomes 75% immediately and 80% over 6 months. At 8, it becomes 90% and 95%. https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5qw2wa_future_led_by_bitcoin_unlimited_is_a/dd442pw/
Larger block sizes make centralization pressures worse (mathematical) https://petertodd.org/2016/block-publication-incentives-for-miners
Talk at scalingbitcoin montreal, initial blockchain synchronization puts serious constraints on any increase in the block size https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TgjrS-BPWDQ&t=2h02m06s with transcript https://scalingbitcoin.org/transcript/montreal2015/block-synchronization-time
Bitcoin's P2P Network: The Soft Underbelly of Bitcoin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6kibPzbrIc someone's notes: https://gist.github.com/romyilano/5e22394857a39889a1e5 reddit discussion https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4py5df/so_f2pool_antpool_btcc_pool_are_actually_one_pool/
In adversarial environments blockchains dont scale https://scalingbitcoin.org/transcript/hongkong2015/in-adversarial-environments-blockchains-dont-scale
Why miners will not voluntarily individually produce smaller blocks https://scalingbitcoin.org/transcript/hongkong2015/why-miners-will-not-voluntarily-individually-produce-smaller-blocks
Hal Finney: bitcoin's blockchain can only be a settlement layer (mostly interesting because it's hal finney and its in 2010) https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/3sb5nj/most_bitcoin_transactions_will_occur_between/
petertodd's 2013 video explaining this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZp7UGgBR0I
luke-jr's summary https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/61yvvv/request_to_core_devs_please_explain_your_vision/dficjhj/
Another jratcliff thread https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6lmpll/explaining_why_big_blocks_are_bad/

Full blocks are not a disaster

Blocks must be always full, there must always be a backlog https://medium.com/@bergealex4/bitcoin-is-unstable-without-the-block-size-size-limit-70db07070a54#.kh2vi86lr
Same as above, the mining gap means there must always be a backlog talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2453&v=iKDC2DpzNbw transcript: https://scalingbitcoin.org/transcript/montreal2015/security-of-diminishing-block-subsidy
Backlogs arent that bad https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/49p011/was_the_fee_event_really_so_bad_my_mind_is/
Examples where scarce block space causes people to use precious resources more efficiently https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4kxxvj/i_just_singlehandedly_increased_bitcoin_network/
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/47d4m2/why_does_coinbase_make_2_transactions_pe
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/53wucs/why_arent_blocks_full_yet/d7x19iv
Full blocks are fine https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5uld1a/misconception_full_blocks_mean_bitcoin_is_failing/
High miner fees imply a sustainable future for bitcoin https://www.reddit.com/BitcoinMarkets/comments/680tvf/fundamentals_friday_week_of_friday_april_28_2017/dgwmhl7/
gmaxwell on why full blocks are good https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6b57ca/full_blocks_good_or_bad/dhjxwbz/
The whole idea of the mempool being "filled" is wrong headed. The mempool doesn't "clog" or get stuck, or anything like that. https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7cusnx/to_the_people_still_doubting_that_this_congestion/dpssokf/

Segwit

What is segwit

luke-jr's longer summary https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6033h7/today_is_exactly_4_months_since_the_segwit_voting/df3tgwg/?context=1
Charlie Shrem's on upgrading to segwit https://twitter.com/CharlieShrem/status/842711238853513220
Original segwit talk at scalingbitcoin hong kong + transcript https://youtu.be/zchzn7aPQjI?t=110
https://scalingbitcoin.org/transcript/hongkong2015/segregated-witness-and-its-impact-on-scalability
Segwit is not too complex https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/57vjin/segwit_is_not_great/d8vos33/
Segwit does not make it possible for miners to steal coins, contrary to what some people say https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/5e6bt0/concerns_with_segwit_and_anyone_can_spend/daa5jat/?context=1
https://keepingstock.net/segwit-eli5-misinformation-faq-19908ceacf23#.r8hlzaquz
Segwit is required for a useful lightning network It's now known that without a malleability fix useful indefinite channels are not really possible.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5tzqtc/gentle_reminder_the_ln_doesnt_require_segwit/ddqgda7/
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5tzqtc/gentle_reminder_the_ln_doesnt_require_segwit/ddqbukj/
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5x2oh0/olaoluwa_osuntokun_all_active_lightning_network/deeto14/?context=3
Clearing up SegWit Lies and Myths: https://achow101.com/2016/04/Segwit-FUD-Clearup
Segwit is bigger blocks https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5pb8vs/misinformation_is_working_54_incorrectly_believe/dcpz3en/
Typical usage results in segwit allowing capacity equivalent to 2mb blocks https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/69i2md/observe_for_yourself_segwit_allows_2_mb_blocks_in/

Why is segwit being blocked

Jihan Wu (head of largest bitcoin mining group) is blocking segwit because of perceived loss of income https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/60mb9e/complete_high_quality_translation_of_jihans/
Witness discount creates aligned incentives https://segwit.org/why-a-discount-factor-of-4-why-not-2-or-8-bbcebe91721e#.h36odthq0 https://medium.com/@SegWit.co/what-is-behind-the-segwit-discount-988f29dc1edf#.sr91dg406
or because he wants his mining enterprise to have control over bitcoin https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6jdyk8/direct_report_of_jihan_wus_real_reason_fo

Segwit is being blocked because it breaks ASICBOOST, a patented optimization used by bitmain ASIC manufacturer

Details and discovery by gmaxwell https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2017-April/013996.html
Reddit thread with discussion https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63otrp/gregory_maxwell_major_asic_manufacturer_is/
Simplified explaination by jonny1000 https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/64qq5g/attempted_explanation_of_the_alleged_asicboost/
http://www.mit.edu/~jlrubin/public/pdfs/Asicboost.pdf
https://medium.com/@jimmysong/examining-bitmains-claims-about-asicboost-1d61118c678d
Evidence https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63yo27/some_circumstantial_evidence_supporting_the_claim/
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63vn5g/please_dont_stop_us_from_using_asicboost_which/dfxmm75/
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63soe3/reverse_engineering_an_asic_is_a_significant_task/dfx9nc
Bitmain admits their chips have asicboost but they say they never used it on the network (haha a likely story) https://blog.bitmain.com/en/regarding-recent-allegations-smear-campaigns/
Worth $100m per year to them (also in gmaxwell's original email) https://twitter.com/petertoddbtc/status/849798529929424898
Other calculations show less https://medium.com/@vcorem/the-real-savings-from-asicboost-to-bitmaintech-ff265c2d305b
This also blocks all these other cool updates, not just segwit https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63otrp/gregory_maxwell_major_asic_manufacturer_is/dfw0ej3/
Summary of bad consequences of asicboost https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/64qq5g/attempted_explanation_of_the_alleged_asicboost/dg4hyqk/?context=1
Luke's summary of the entire situation https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6ego3s/why_is_killing_asicboost_not_a_priority/diagkkb/?context=1
Prices goes up because now segwit looks more likely https://twitter.com/TuurDemeestestatus/849846845425799168
Asicboost discovery made the price rise https://twitter.com/TuurDemeestestatus/851520094677200901
A pool was caught red handed doing asicboost, by this time it seemed fairly certain that segwit would get activated so it didnt produce as much interest as earlier https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6p7lr5/1hash_pool_has_mined_2_invalid_blocks/ and https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6p95dl/interesting_1hash_pool_mined_some_invalid_blocks/ and https://twitter.com/petertoddbtc/status/889475196322811904
This btc user is outraged at the entire forum because they support Bitmain and ASICBOOST https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/67t43y/dragons_den_planned_smear_campaign_of_bitmain/dgtg9l2/
Antbleed, turns out Bitmain can shut down all its ASICs by remote control: http://www.antbleed.com/

What if segwit never activates

What if segwit never activates? https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6ab8js/transaction_fees_are_now_making_btc_like_the_banks/dhdq3id/ with https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5ksu3o/blinded_bearer_certificates/ and https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4xy0fm/scaling_quickly/

Lightning

bitcoinmagazine's series on what lightning is and how it works https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/understanding-the-lightning-network-part-building-a-bidirectional-payment-channel-1464710791/ https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/understanding-the-lightning-network-part-creating-the-network-1465326903/ https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/understanding-the-lightning-network-part-completing-the-puzzle-and-closing-the-channel-1466178980/
The Lightning Network ELIDHDICACS (Explain Like I Don’t Have Degrees in Cryptography and Computer Science) https://letstalkbitcoin.com/blog/post/the-lightning-network-elidhdicacs
Ligtning will increases fees for miners, not lower them https://medium.com/lightning-resources/the-lightning-paradox-f15ce0e8e374#.erfgunumh
Cost-benefit analysis of lightning from the point of view of miners https://medium.com/@rusty_lightning/miners-and-bitcoin-lightning-a133cd550310#.x42rovlg8
Routing blog post by rusty https://medium.com/@rusty_lightning/routing-dijkstra-bellman-ford-and-bfg-7715840f004 and reddit comments https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4lzkz1/rusty_russell_on_lightning_routing_routing/
Lightning protocol rfc https://github.com/lightningnetwork/lightning-rfc
Blog post with screenshots of ln being used on testnet https://medium.com/@btc_coach/lightning-network-in-action-b18a035c955d video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxGiMu4V7ns
Video of sending and receiving ln on testnet https://twitter.com/alexbosworth/status/844030573131706368
Lightning tradeoffs http://www.coindesk.com/lightning-technical-challenges-bitcoin-scalability/
Beer sold for testnet lightning https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/62uw23/lightning_network_is_working_room77_is_accepting/ and https://twitter.com/MrHodl/status/848265171269283845
Lightning will result in far fewer coins being stored on third parties because it supports instant transactions https://medium.com/@thecryptoconomy/the-barely-discussed-incredible-benefit-of-the-lightning-network-4ce82c75eb58
jgarzik argues strongly against LN, he owns a coin tracking startup https://twitter.com/petertoddbtc/status/860826532650123264 https://twitter.com/Beautyon_/status/886128801926795264
luke's great debunking / answer of some misinformation questions https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6st4eq/questions_about_lightning_network/dlfap0u/
Lightning centralization doesnt happen https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6vzau5/reminder_bitcoins_key_strength_is_in_being/dm4ou3v/?context=1
roasbeef on hubs and charging fees https://twitter.com/roasbeef/status/930209165728825344 and https://twitter.com/roasbeef/status/930210145790976000

Immutability / Being a swiss bank in your pocket / Why doing a hard fork (especially without consensus) is damaging

A downside of hard forks is damaging bitcoin's immutability https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5em6vu/what_happens_if_segwit_doesnt_activate/dae1r6c/?context=3
Interesting analysis of miners incentives and how failure is possible, don't trust the miners for long term https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5gtew4/why_an_increased_block_size_increases_the_cost_of/daybazj/?context=2
waxwing on the meaning of cash and settlement https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5ei7m3/unconfirmed_transactions_60k_total_fees_14btc/dad001v/
maaku on the cash question https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5i5iq5/we_are_spoiled/db5luiv/?context=1
Digital gold funamentalists gain nothing from supporting a hard fork to larger block sizes https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5xzunq/core_please_compromise_before_we_end_up_with_bu/dem73xg/?context=1
Those asking for a compromise don't understand the underlying political forces https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6ef7wb/some_comments_on_the_bip148_uasf_from_the/dia236b/?context=3
Nobody wants a contentious hard fork actually, anti-core people got emotionally manipulated https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5sq5ocontentious_forks_vs_incremental_progress/ddip57o/
The hard work of the core developers has kept bitcoin scalable https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/3hfgpo/an_initiative_to_bring_advanced_privacy_features/cu7mhw8?context=9
Recent PRs to improve bitcoin scaleability ignored by the debate https://twitter.com/jfnewbery/status/883001356168167425
gmaxwell against hard forks since 2013 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=140233.20
maaku: hard forks are really bad https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zxjza/adam_greg_core_devs_and_big_blockers_now_is_the/df275yk/?context=2

Some metrics on what the market thinks of decentralization and hostile hard forks

The price history shows that the exchange rate drops every time a hard fork threatens: https://i.imgur.com/EVPYLR8.jpg
and this example from 2017 https://twitter.com/WhalePanda/status/845562763820912642
http://imgur.com/a/DuHAn btc users lose money
price supporting theymos' moderation https://i.imgur.com/0jZdF9h.png
old version https://i.imgur.com/BFTxTJl.png
older version https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CxqtUakUQAEmC0d.jpg
about 50% of nodes updated to the soft fork node quite quickly https://imgur.com/O0xboVI

Bitcoin Unlimited / Emergent Consensus is badly designed, changes the game theory of bitcoin

Bitcoin Unlimited was a proposed hard fork client, it was made with the intention to stop segwit from activating
A Future Led by Bitcoin Unlimited is a Centralized Future https://blog.sia.tech/a-future-led-by-bitcoin-unlimited-is-a-centralized-future-e48ab52c817a#.p1ly6hldk
Flexible transactions are bugged https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/57tf5g/bitcoindev_bluematt_on_flexible_transactions/
Bugged BU software mines an invalid block, wasting 13 bitcoins or $12k
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5qwtr2/bitcoincom_loses_132btc_trying_to_fork_the/
https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/5qx18i/bitcoincom_loses_132btc_trying_to_fork_the/
bitcoin.com employees are moderators of btc https://medium.com/@WhalePanda/the-curious-relation-between-bitcoin-com-anti-segwit-propaganda-26c877249976#.vl02566k4
miners don't control stuff like the block size http://hackingdistributed.com/2016/01/03/time-for-bitcoin-user-voice/
even gavin agreed that economic majority controls things https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5ywoi9/in_2010_gavin_predicted_that_exchanges_ie_the/
fork clients are trying to steal bitcoin's brand and network effect, theyre no different from altcoins https://medium.com/@Coinosphere/why-bitcoin-unlimited-should-be-correctly-classified-as-an-attempted-robbery-of-bitcoin-not-a-9355d075763c#.qeaynlx5m
BU being active makes it easier to reverse payments, increases wasted work making the network less secure and giving an advantage to bigger miners https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5g1x84/bitcoin_unlimited_bu_median_value_of_miner_eb/
bitcoin unlimited takes power away from users and gives it to miners https://medium.com/@alpalpalp/bitcoin-unlimiteds-placebo-controls-6320cbc137d4#.q0dv15gd5
bitcoin unlimited's accepted depth https://twitter.com/tdryja/status/804770009272696832
BU's lying propaganda poster https://imgur.com/osrViDE

BU is bugged, poorly-reviewed and crashes

bitcoin unlimited allegedly funded by kraken stolen coins
https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/55ajuh/taint_analysis_on_bitcoin_stolen_from_kraken_on/
https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/559miz/taint_analysis_on_btc_allegedly_stolen_from_kraken/
Other funding stuff
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zozmn/damning_evidence_on_how_bitcoin_unlimited_pays/
A serious bug in BU https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5h70s3/bitcoin_unlimited_bu_the_developers_have_realized/
A summary of what's wrong with BU: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5z3wg2/jihanwu_we_will_switch_the_entire_pool_to/devak98/

Bitcoin Unlimited Remote Exploit Crash 14/3/2017

https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zdkv3/bitcoin_unlimited_remote_exploit_crash/ https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zeb76/timbe https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/5zdrru/peter_todd_bu_remote_crash_dos_wtf_bug_assert0_in/
BU devs calling it as disaster https://twitter.com/SooMartindale/status/841758265188966401 also btc deleted a thread about the exploit https://i.imgur.com/lVvFRqN.png
Summary of incident https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zf97j/i_was_undecided_now_im_not/
More than 20 exchanges will list BTU as an altcoin
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zyg6g/bitcoin_exchanges_unveil_emergency_hard_fork/
Again a few days later https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/60qmkt/bu_is_taking_another_shit_timberrrrr

User Activated Soft Fork (UASF)

site for it, including list of businesses supporting it http://www.uasf.co/
luke's view
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5zsk45/i_am_shaolinfry_author_of_the_recent_usedf1dqen/?context=3
threat of UASF makes the miner fall into line in litecoin
https://www.reddit.com/litecoin/comments/66omhlitecoin_global_roundtable_resolution/dgk2thk/?context=3
UASF delivers the goods for vertcoin
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/692mi3/in_test_case_uasf_results_in_miner_consensus/dh3cm34/?context=1
UASF coin is more valuable https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6cgv44/a_uasf_chain_will_be_profoundly_more_valuable/
All the links together in one place https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6dzpew/hi_its_mkwia_again_maintainer_of_uasfbitcoin_on/
p2sh was a uasf https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/v0.6.0/src/main.cpp#L1281-L1283
jgarzik annoyed at the strict timeline that segwit2x has to follow because of bip148 https://twitter.com/jgarzik/status/886605836902162432
Committed intolerant minority https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6d7dyt/a_plea_for_rational_intolerance_extremism_and/
alp on the game theory of the intolerant minority https://medium.com/@alpalpalp/user-activated-soft-forks-and-the-intolerant-minority-a54e57869f57
The risk of UASF is less than the cost of doing nothing https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6bof7a/were_getting_to_the_point_where_a_the_cost_of_not/
uasf delivered the goods for bitcoin, it forced antpool and others to signal (May 2016) https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/antpool-will-not-run-segwit-without-block-size-increase-hard-fork-1464028753/ "When asked specifically whether Antpool would run SegWit code without a hard fork increase in the block size also included in a release of Bitcoin Core, Wu responded: “No. It is acceptable that the hard fork code is not activated, but it needs to be included in a ‘release’ of Bitcoin Core. I have made it clear about the definition of ‘release,’ which is not ‘public.’”"
Screenshot of peter rizun capitulating https://twitter.com/chris_belcher_/status/905231603991007232

Fighting off 2x HF

https://twitter.com/MrHodl/status/895089909723049984
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6h612o/can_someone_explain_to_me_why_core_wont_endorse/?st=j6ic5n17&sh=cc37ee23
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6smezz/segwit2x_hard_fork_is_completely_useless_its_a/?st=j6ic2aw3&sh=371418dd
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6sbspv/who_exactly_is_segwit2x_catering_for_now_segwit/?st=j6ic5nic&sh=1f86cadd
https://medium.com/@elliotolds/lesser-known-reasons-to-keep-blocks-small-in-the-words-of-bitcoin-core-developers-44861968185e
b2x is most of all about firing core https://twitter.com/WhalePanda/status/912664487135760384
https://medium.com/@StopAndDecrypt/thats-not-bitcoin-this-is-bitcoin-95f05a6fd6c2

Misinformation / sockpuppets

https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6uqz6k/markets_update_bitcoin_cash_rallies_for_three/dlurbpx/
three year old account, only started posting today https://archive.is/3STjH
Why we should not hard fork after the UASF worked: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6sl1qf/heres_why_we_should_not_hard_fork_in_a_few_months/

History

Good article that covers virtually all the important history https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/long-road-segwit-how-bitcoins-biggest-protocol-upgrade-became-reality/
Interesting post with some history pre-2015 https://btcmanager.com/the-long-history-of-the-fight-over-scaling-bitcoin/
The core scalabality roadmap + my summary from 3/2017 https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2015-Decembe011865.html my summary https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5xa5fa/the_core_development_scalability_roadmap/
History from summer 2015 https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5xg7f8/the_origins_of_the_blocksize_debate/
Brief reminders of the ETC situation https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6nvlgo/simple_breakdown_of_bip91_its_simply_the_miners/dkcycrz/
Longer writeup of ethereum's TheDAO bailout fraud https://www.reddit.com/ethereumfraud/comments/6bgvqv/faq_what_exactly_is_the_fraud_in_ethereum/
Point that the bigblocker side is only blocking segwit as a hostage https://www.reddit.com/BitcoinMarkets/comments/5sqhcq/daily_discussion_wednesday_february_08_2017/ddi3ctv/?context=3
jonny1000's recall of the history of bitcoin https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6s34gg/rbtc_spreading_misinformation_in_rbitcoinmarkets/dl9wkfx/

Misc (mostly memes)

libbitcoin's Understanding Bitcoin series (another must read, most of it) https://github.com/libbitcoin/libbitcoin/wiki/Understanding-Bitcoin
github commit where satoshi added the block size limit https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/63859l/github_commit_where_satoshi_added_the_block_size/
hard fork proposals from some core devs https://bitcoinhardforkresearch.github.io/
blockstream hasnt taken over the entire bitcoin core project https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/622bjp/bitcoin_core_blockstream/
blockstream is one of the good guys https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6cttkh/its_happening_blockstream_opens_liquid_sidechain/dhxu4e
Forkers, we're not raising a single byte! Song lyrics by belcher https://gist.github.com/chris-belche7264cd6750a86f8b4a9a
Some stuff here along with that cool photoshopped poster https://medium.com/@jimmysong/bitcoin-realism-or-how-i-learned-to-stop-worrying-and-love-1mb-blocks-c191c35e74cb
Nice graphic https://twitter.com/RNR_0/status/871070843698380800
gmaxwell saying how he is probably responsible for the most privacy tech in bitcoin, while mike hearn screwed up privacy https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/6azyme/hey_bu_wheres_your_testnet/dhiq3xo/?context=6
Fairly cool propaganda poster https://twitter.com/urbanarson/status/880476631583924225
btc tankman https://i.redd.it/gxjqenzpr27z.png https://twitter.com/DanDarkPill/status/853653168151986177
asicboost discovery meme https://twitter.com/allenscottoshi/status/849888189124947971
https://twitter.com/urbanarson/status/882020516521013250
gavin wanted to kill the bitcoin chain https://twitter.com/allenscottoshi/status/849888189124947971
stuff that btc believes https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6ld4a5/serious_is_the_rbtc_and_the_bu_crowd_a_joke_how/djszsqu/
after segwit2x NYA got agreed all the fee pressure disappeared, laurenmt found they were artificial spam https://twitter.com/i/moments/885827802775396352
theymos saying why victory isnt inevitable https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6lmpll/explaining_why_big_blocks_are_bad/djvxv2o/
with ignorant enemies like these its no wonder we won https://bitco.in/forum/threads/gold-collapsing-bitcoin-up.16/page-999 ""So, once segwit2x activates, from that moment on it will require a coordinated fork to avoid the up coming "baked in" HF. ""
a positive effect of bcash, it made blockchain utxo spammers move away from bitcoin https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/76lv0b/cryptograffitiinfo_now_accepts_bitcoin_cash/dof38gw/
summary of craig wright, jihan wu and roger ver's positions https://medium.com/@HjalmarPeters/the-big-blockers-bead6027deb2
Why is bitcoin so strong against attack?!?! (because we're motivated and awesome) https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/64wo1h/bitcoin_unlimited_is_being_blocked_by_antivirus/dg5n00x/
what happened to #oldjeffgarzik https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/6ufv5x/a_reminder_of_some_of_jeff_garziks_greatest/
big blockers fully deserve to lose every last bitcoin they ever had and more https://www.reddit.com/BitcoinMarkets/comments/756nxf/daily_discussion_monday_october_09_2017/do5ihqi/
gavinandresen brainstorming how to kill bitcoin with a 51% in a nasty way https://twitter.com/btcdrak/status/843914877542567937
Roger Ver as bitcoin Judas https://imgur.com/a/Rf1Pi
A bunch of tweets and memes celebrating UASF
https://twitter.com/shaolinfry/status/842457019286188032 | https://twitter.com/SatoshiLite/status/888335092560441345 | https://twitter.com/btcArtGallery/status/887485162925285377 | https://twitter.com/Beautyon_/status/888109901611802624 | https://twitter.com/Excellion/status/889211512966873088 | https://twitter.com/lopp/status/888200452197801984 | https://twitter.com/AlpacaSW/status/886988980524396544 | https://twitter.com/BashCo_/status/877253729531162624 | https://twitter.com/tdryja/status/865212300361379840 | https://twitter.com/Excellion/status/871179040157179904 | https://twitter.com/TraceMayestatus/849856343074902016 | https://twitter.com/TraceMayestatus/841855022640033792 | https://fs.bitcoinmagazine.com/img/images/Screen_Shot_2017-08-18_at_01.36.47.original.png
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Ethereum will pass bitcoins for #1 cryptocurrency NOOO WAY!!! LAST TIME BITCOIN DID THIS WE PUMPED 3'200%! [holding chainlink/algorand? [watch this!!] Here’s the Case for Bitcoin Rise to $180,000, According to Weiss Ratings  BTC News Today!! URGENT: Bitcoin Crashing! SHOULD I SELL? [Cryptocurrency Perspective] WOW!! BITCOIN 2016 REPEATING!! $28,000 Target, Bitcoin Core Update, ETH 2 vs ETH 1 Price

On May 11, 2020, Bitcoin successfully executed its third block reward halving. Bitcoin halving events usually occur every four years, and the first and the second events took place in 2012 and 2016, respectively. Since … Read Bitcoin (BTCUSD) now continues trading fully below EMA10 and EMA50... This is a disaster waiting to happen. Just as we consider strongly bullish to see prices move above EMA50 on the daily timeframe, the same is true for the inverse scenario. Bitcoin in 2013-2016 In mid-January 2013 , a new cycle of rapid growth in the cost of bitcoin begins, which reaches its peak on April 11; for $1 BTC is equal to $266. The new bull run starts at the same level in early November and by the end of the month. Directed by Christopher Cannucciari. With Wences Casares, Nathanial Popper, Gavin Andresen, Naomi Brockwell. Bitcoin is the most disruptive invention since the Internet, and now an ideological battle is underway between fringe utopists and mainstream capitalism. The film shows the players who are defining how this technology will shape our lives. Reviews & Ratings Best Online Brokers This was the first real rally and associated crash for the currency. Through 2016 Bitcoin steadily rose, breaking through $1,000 in early 2017.

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Ethereum will pass bitcoins for #1 cryptocurrency

Hey Altcoin Daily Team!! Yes! You are gonna like this video. Today I want to talk about Bitcoin. Twitter: https://twitter.com/AltcoinDailyio Coin Dance https... BITCOIN IS ABOUT TO DO SOMETHING FOR JUST THE 2nd TIME IN HISTORY ... 2016 · Documentary; 1:12:50. ... "Bitcoin Will Crash To $0.00 Soon" - Duration: 17:38. BITCOIN Price PUMPED 8000% in 2016 When THIS Happened!! It’s Happening Again NOW!? ... BITCOIN PRICE IN DANGER AFTER CRUDE OIL CRASH?! 📛 LIVE Crypto Analysis TA & BTC Cryptocurrency News ... #bitcoin #twitter #crypto #interest #stockmarket #recession #bearmarket #bullmarket #davincij15 #mmcrypto #btc #bitcoinprice #bitcointoday #crash #economy #inflation #ecb #fed #federalreserve # ... DISCLAIMER: Trading Bitcoin is VERY risky, and 80% of traders don't make money. Make sure that you understand these risks if you are a beginner. I only recommend crypto trading to already ...

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