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OBSI Releases New Binary Options Warning for Canadians
The Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments (OBSI) has just issued a new statement titled, “Bulletin: Binary options are highly risky and can leave investors with no protection.” If you are not familiar with OBSI, it is an independent organization which provides mediation between financial businesses and Canadian customers. In the new bulletin, OBSI discusses how measures taken to ban binary options trading in Canada have not been successful in fully eliminating offshore trading by Canadian citizens. Citizens have simply looked into alternative payment options, and have continued to lose money. OBSI explains how customers who have lost money unfairly through binary options trading have attempted to initiate credit card chargebacks where applicable. They have been turned down by both the card issuers and their banks. OBSI says that the banks are simply conforming to their regular protocols, and do not owe the consumers a refund. As to the card issuers, it seems that they do not provide purchase protection in situations like these. If Canadian consumers want protection for their purchases, they need to invest only through legitimate companies which are legally operating in Canada.
Once a year, this subreddit hosts a survey in order to get to know the community a little bit and in order to answer questions that are frequently asked here. Earlier this summer, a few thousand of you participated in a massive Subreddit Demographic Survey. Unfortunately during the process of collating results we lost contact with SailorMercure, who in previous years has completed all of the data analysis from the Google form responses. We were therefore required to collate and analyse the responses from the raw data via Excel. I attach the raw data below for those who would like to review it. For 2020 we will be rebuilding the survey from scratch. Raw Data Multiple areas of your life were probed: general a/s/l, education, finances, religious beliefs, marital status, etc. They are separated in 10 sections:
Career and Finances
Religion and Spirituality
Sexual and Romantic Life
Childhood and Family Life
Our sample is people from this subreddit who saw that we had a survey going on and were willing to complete the survey. A weekly stickied announcement was used to alert members of the community that a survey was being run.
5,976 participants over the course of two months at a subscriber count of 588,488 (total participant ratio of slightly >1%)
3.1 General Demographics
5,976 participants in total
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 to 59
60 to 64
65 to 69
70 to 74
75 or older
84.97% of the sub is under the age of 35.
Gender and Gender Identity
4,583 participants out of 5,976 (71.54%) were assigned the gender of female at birth, 1,393 (23.31%) were assigned the gender of male at birth. Today, 4,275 (70.4%) participants identify themselves as female, 1,420 (23.76%) as male, 239 (4.00%) as non binary and 42 (0.7%) as other (from lack of other options).
Because the list contains over 120 countries, we'll show the top 20 countries:
Country of birth
90.31% of the participants were born in these countries.
That one was difficult for many reasons and didn't encompass all possibilities simply from lack of knowledge.
Caucasian / White
Hispanic / Latinx
African Descent / Black
Indian / South Asian
Jewish (the ethnicity, not the religion)
Arab / Near Eastern / Middle Eastern
American Indian or Alaskan Native
Aboriginal / Australian
3.2 Education Level
5,976 participants in total
Current Level of Education
Highest Current Level of Education
Some college / university
Graduated high school / GED
Trade / Technical / Vocational training
Did not complete high school
Did not complete elementary school
Future Education Plans
I'm good where I am right now
Vocational / Trade / Technical training
Graduate high school / GED
Of our 5,976 participants, a total of 1,576 (26.37%) returned to higher education after a break of 3+ years, the other 4,400 (73.76%) did not.
I don't have a degree or a major
Information and Communication Technologies
Arts and Music
Literature and Languages
Fundamental and Applied Sciences
Teaching and Education Sciences
Economics and Politics
Social Sciences and Social Action
Environment and Sustainable Development
Administration and Management Sciences
Environmental Planning and Design
Theology and Religious Sciences
A number of you commented in the free-form field at the end of the survey, that your degree was not present and that it wasn't related to any of the listed ones. We will try to mitigate this in the next survey!
3.3 Career and Finances
Out of the 5,976 participants, 2,199 (36.80%) work in the field they majored in, 953 (15.95%) graduated but do not work in their original field. 1,645 (27.53%) are still studying. The remaining 1,179 (19.73%) are either retired, currently unemployed or out of the workforce for unspecified reasons. The top 10 industries our participants are working in are:
Health Care and Social Assistance
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
College, University, and Adult Education
Government and Public Administration
Finance and Insurance
Hotel and Food Services
Scientific or Technical Services
Information Services and Data Processing
*Note that "other", "I'm a student" and "currently unemployed" have been disgregarded for this part of the evaluation. Out of the 4,477 participants active in the workforce, the majority (1,632 or 36.45%) work between 40-50 hours per week, 34.73% (1,555) are working 30-40 hours weekly. Less than 6% work >50 h per week, and 23.87% (1,024 participants) less than 30 hours. 718 or 16.04% are taking over managerial responsibilities (ranging from Jr. to Sr. Management); 247 (5.52%) are self employed or partners. On a scale of 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest), the overwhelming majority (4,009 or 67.09%) indicated that career plays a very important role in their lives, attributing a score of 7 and higher. Only 663 (11.09%) gave it a score below 4, indicating a low importance. The importance of climbing the career ladder is very evenly distributed across all participants and ranges in a harmonized 7-12% range for each of the 10 steps of importance. 23.71% (1,417) of the participants are making extra income with a hobby or side job. From the 5,907 participants not already retired, the overwhelming majority of 3,608 (61.11%) does not actively seek early retirement. From those who are, most (1,024 / 17.34%) want to do so between 55-64; 7 and 11% respectively in the age brackets before or after. Less than 3.5% are looking for retirement below 45 years of age. 1,127 participants decided not to disclose their income brackets. The remaining 4,849 are distributed as follows:
$0 to $14,999
$15,000 to $29,999
$30,000 to $59,999
$60,000 to $89,999
$90,000 to $119,999
$120,000 to $149,999
$150,000 to $179,999
$180,000 to $209,999
$210,000 to $239,999
$240,000 to $269,999
$270,000 to $299,999
$300,000 or more
3.4 Child Status
5,976 participants in total 94.44% of the participants (5,644) would call themselves "childfree" (as opposed to 5.56% of the participants who would not call themselves childfree. However, only 68.51% of the participants (4,094) do not have children and do not want them in any capacity at any point of the future. The other 31.49% have a varying degree of indecision, child wanting or child having on their own or their (future) spouse's part. The 4,094 participants were made to participate in the following sections of the survey.
3.5 Current Location
4,094 childfree participants in total
There were more than 200 options of country, so we are showing the top 10 CF countries.
The Top 10 amounts to 87.98% of the childfree participants' current location.
Current Location Qualification
These participants would describe their current city, town or neighborhood as:
Tolerance to "Alternative Lifestyles" in Current Location
Single and dating around, but not looking for anything serious
Single and dating around, looking for something serious
Single and not looking
Non-monogamy (or nonmonogamy) is an umbrella term for every practice or philosophy of intimate relationship that does not strictly hew to the standards of monogamy, particularly that of having only one person with whom to exchange sex, love, and affection. 82.3% of the childfree participants do not practice ethical non-monogamy, as opposed to 17.7% who say they do.
Regarding to currently having a childfree or non childfree partner, excluding the 36.7% of childfree participants who said they do not have a partner at the moment. For this question only, only 2591 childfree participants are considered.
Non childfree partner
More than one partner; all childfree
More than one partner; some childfree
More than one partner; none childfree
Dating a Single Parent
Would the childfree participants be willing to date a single parent?
No, I'm not interested in single parents and their ties to parenting life
Yes, but only if it's a short term arrangement of some sort
Yes, whether for long term or short term, but with some conditions
Yes, whether for long term or short term, with no conditions
3.8 Childhood and Family Life
On a scale from 1 (very unhappy) to 10 (very happy), how would you rate your childhood?
4,094 childfree participants in total
No, I am not sterilized and, for medical, practical or other reasons, I do not need to be
No. However, I've been approved for the procedure and I'm waiting for the date to arrive
No. I am not sterilized and don't want to be
No. I want to be sterilized but I have started looking for a doctor (doctor shopping)
No. I want to be sterilized but I haven't started doctor shopping yet
Yes. I am sterilized
479 sterilized childfree participants in total
Age when starting doctor shopping or addressing issue with doctor
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 or older
Age at the time of sterilization
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 or older
Elapsed time between requesting procedure and undergoing procedure
Less than 3 months
Between 3 and 6 months
Between 6 and 9 months
Between 9 and 12 months
Between 12 and 18 months
Between 18 and 24 months
Between 24 and 30 months
Between 30 and 36 months
Between 3 and 5 years
Between 5 and 7 years
More than 7 years
How many doctors refused at first, before finding one who would accept?
None. The first doctor I asked said yes
One. The second doctor I asked said yes
Two. The third doctor I asked said yes
Three. The fourth doctor I asked said yes
Four. The fifth doctor I asked said yes
Five. The sixth doctor I asked said yes
Six. The seventh doctor I asked said yes
Seven. The eighth doctor I asked said yes
Eight. The ninth doctor I asked said yes
I asked more than 10 doctors before finding one who said yes
Approved, not Sterilized Yet
119 approved but not yet sterilised childfree participants in total. Owing to the zero participants who were approved but not yet sterilised in the 45+ age group in the 2018 survey, these categories were removed from the 2019 survey.
Age when starting doctor shopping or addressing issue with doctor
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 45
How many doctors refused at first, before finding one who would accept?
None. The first doctor I asked said yes
One. The second doctor I asked said yes
Two. The third doctor I asked said yes
Three. The fourth doctor I asked said yes
Four. The fifth doctor I asked said yes
Five. The sixth doctor I asked said yes
Six. The seventh doctor I asked said yes
Seven. The eighth doctor I asked said yes
Eight. The ninth doctor I asked said yes
I asked more than ten doctors before finding one who said yes
How long between starting doctor shopping and finding a doctor who said "Yes"?
Less than 3 months
3 to 6 months
6 to 9 months
9 to 12 months
12 to 18 months
18 to 24 months
24 to 30 months
30 to 36 months
3 to 5 years
5 to 7 years
More than 7 years
Age when receiving green light for sterilization procedure?
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
Not Sterilized Yet But Looking
328 searching childfree participants in total
How many doctors did you ask so far?
More than 10
How long have you been searching so far?
Less than 3 months
3 to 6 months
6 to 9 months
9 to 12 months
12 to 18 months
18 to 24 months
24 to 30 months
30 to 36 months
3 to 5 years
5 to 7 years
More than 7 years
At what age did you start searching?
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 54
4,094 childfree participants in total Only 1.1% of the childfree participants (46 out of 4094) literally owns a jetski, but 46.1% of the childfree participants (1889 out of 4094) figuratively owns a jetski. A figurative jetski is an expensive material possession that purchasing would have been almost impossible had you had children.
Primary Reason to Not Have Children
Aversion towards children ("I don't like children")
Current state of the world
Environmental (it includes overpopulation)
Eugenics ("I have "bad genes" ")
I already raised somebody else who isn't my child
Lack of interest towards parenthood ("I don't want to raise children")
Maybe interested for parenthood, but not suited for parenthood
Medical ("I have a condition that makes conceiving/bearing/birthing children difficult, dangerous or lethal")
Philosophical / Moral (e.g.: antinatalism)
Tokophobia (aversion/fear of pregnancy and/or chidlbirth)
Section 1 : General Demographics
The demographics remain largely consistent with the 2018 survey. 85% of the participants are under 35, compared with 87.5% of the subreddit in the 2018 survey. 71.54% of the subreddit identify as female, compared with 70.4% in the 2018 survey. This is in contrast to the overall membership of Reddit, estimated at 74% male according to Reddit's Wikipedia page [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reddit#Users_and_moderators]. There was a marked drop in the ratio of members who identify as heterosexual, from 67.7% in the 2018 survey to 54.89% in the 2019 survey. Ethnicity wise, 77% of members identified as primarily Caucasian, a slight drop from the 2018 survey, where 79.6% of members identified as primarily Caucasian. Further research may be useful to explore the unusually high female membership of /childfree and the potential reasons for this. It is possible that the results are skewed towards those more inclined to complete a survey. In the 2018 survey the userbase identified the following missing ethicities:
Nepali (or put "South Easian" instead of "Indian")
This has been rectified in the current 2019 survey.
Section 2 : Education level
As it did in the 2018 survey, this section highlights the stereotype of childfree people as being well educated. 4% of participants did not complete high school, which is a slight increase from the 2018 survey, where 3.1% of participants did not graduate high school. This could potentially be explained by the slightly higher percentage of participants under 18. 5.6% of participants were under 18 at the time of the 2018 survey, and 8.2% of participants were under 18 at the time of the 2019 survey. At the 2019 survey, the highest percentage of responses under the: What is your degree/major? question fell under "I don't have a degree or a major" (16.9%) and "other" (9.71%). However, of the participants who were able to select a degree and/or major, the most popular responses were:
Information and Communication Technologies
Arts and Music
Compared to the 2018 survey, health sciences have overtaken engineering, however the top 5 majors remain the same. There is significant diversity in the subreddit with regards to chosen degree/major.
Section 3 : Career and Finances
The highest percentage of participants (17.7%) listed themselves as a student. However, of those currently working, significant diversity in chosen field of employment was noted. This is consistent with the 2018 survey. The highest percentage of people working in one of the fields listed remains in Healthcare and Social Services. This is slightly down from the 2018 survey (9.9%) to 9.5%. One of the stereotypes of the childfree is of wealth. However this is not demonstrated in the survey results. 72.4% of participants earn under $60,000 USD per annum, while 87.5% earn under $90,000 per annum. 26.2% are earning under $15,000 per annum. The results remain largely consistent with the 2018 survey. 1127 participants, or 19% chose not to disclose this information. It is possible that this may have skewed the results if a significant proportion of these people were our high income earners, but impossible to explore. A majority of our participants work between 30 and 50 hours per week (71.2%) which is markedly increased from the 2018 survey, where 54.6% of participants worked between 30 and 50 hours per week.
Section 4 : Child Status
This section solely existed to sift the childfree from the fencesitters and the non childfree in order to get answers only from the childfree. Childfree, as it is defined in the subreddit, is "I do not have children nor want to have them in any capacity (biological, adopted, fostered, step- or other) at any point in the future." 68.5% of participants actually identify as childfree, slightly up from the 2018 survey, where 66.3% of participants identified as childfree. This is suprising in reflection of the overall reputation of the subreddit across reddit, where the subreddit is often described as an "echo chamber".
Section 5 : Current Location
The location responses are largely similar to the 2018 survey with a majority of participants living in a suburban and urban area. 86.7% of participants in the 2019 survey live in urban and suburban regions, with 87.6% of participants living in urban and suburban regions in the 2018 survey. There is likely a multifactorial reason for this, encompassing the younger, educated skew of participants and the easier access to universities and employment, and the fact that a majority of the population worldwide localises to urban centres. There may be an element of increased progressive social viewpoints and identities in urban regions, however this would need to be explored further from a sociological perspective to draw any definitive conclusions. A majority of our participants (60.9%) live in the USA. The United Kingdom (8.1%), Canada (7.9%), Australia (3.6%) and Germany (2.2%) encompass the next 4 most popular responses. Compared to the 2018 survey, there has been a slight drop in the USA membership (64%), United Kingdom membership (7.3%) Canadian membership (8.1%), Australian membership (3.8%). There has been a slight increase in German membership, up from 1.7%. This may reflect a growing globalisation of the childfree concept.
Section 6 : Religion and Spirituality
A majority of participants were raised Christian (64.1%) however the majority are currently aetheist (55.6%) or agnostic (20.25%). This is consistent with the 2018 survey results. A majority of participants (62.8%) rated religion as "not at all influential" to the childfree choice. This is consistent with the 2018 survey where 60.9% rated religion as "not at all influential". Despite the high percentage of participants who identify as aetheist or agnostic, this does not appear to be related to or have an impact on the childfree choice.
Section 7 : Romantic and Sexual Life
60.7% of our participants are in a relationship at the time of the survey. This is an almost identical result to the 2018 survey, where 60.6% of our participants were in a relationship. A notable proportion of our participants are listed as single and not looking (23.8%) which is consistent with the 2018 survey. Considering the frequent posts seeking dating advice as a childfree person, it is surprising that such a high proportion of the participants are not actively seeking out a relationship. Participants that practice ethical non-monogamy are unusual (17.7%) and this result is consistent with the results of the 2018 survey. Despite the reputuation for childfree people to live an unconventional lifestyle, this finding suggests that a majority of our participants are monogamous. 84.2% of participants with partners of some kind have at least one childfree partner. This is consistent with the often irreconcilable element of one party desiring children and the other wishing to abstain from having children.
Section 8 : Childhood and Family Life
Overall, the participants skew towards a happier childhood.
Section 9 : Sterilization
While just under half of our participants wish to be sterilised, 46.3%, only 11.7% have been successful in achieving sterilisation. This is likely due to overarching resistance from the medical profession however other factors such as the logistical elements of surgery and the cost may also contribute. This is also a decrease from the percentage of participants sterilised in the 2018 survey (14.8%). 31.1% of participants do not wish to be or need to be sterilised suggesting a partial element of satisfaction from temporary birth control methods or non-necessity from no sexual activity. Of the participants who did achieve sterilisation, a majority began the search between 19 and 29, with the highest proportion being in the 25-29 age group (33.2%) This is a drop from the 2018 survey where 37.9% of people who started the search were between 25-29. The majority of participants who sought out and were successful at achieving sterilisation, were again in the 25-29 age group (37.8%). This is consistent with the 2018 survey results. Over half of the participants who were sterilised had the procedure completed in less than 3 months (58.5%). This is a decline from the number of participants who achieved sterilisation in 3 months in the 2018 survey (68%). The proportion of participants who have had one or more doctors refuse to perform the procedure has stayed consistent between the two surveys.
Section 10 : Childfreedom
The main reasons for people chosing the childfree lifestyle are a lack of interest towards parenthood and an aversion towards children. Of the people surveyed 63.8% are pet owners, suggesting that this lack of interest towards parenthood does not necessarily mean a lack of interest in all forms of caretaking. The community skews towards a dislike of children overall which correlates well with the 81.4% of users choosing "no, I do not have, did not use to have and will not have a job that makes me heavily interact with children on a daily basis" in answer to, "do you have a job that heavily makes you interact with children on a daily basis?". A vast majority of the subreddit identifes as pro-choice (94.5%). This is likely due to a high level of concern about bodily autonomy and forced parenthood. However only 70% support financial abortion for the non-pregnant person in a relationship to sever all financial and parental ties with a child. 45.9% identify as feminist, however many users prefer to identify with egalitarianism or are unsure. Only 8% firmly do not identify as a feminist. Most of our users realised that did not want children young. 60% of participants knew they did not want children by the age of 18, with 96% of users realising this by age 30. This correlates well with the age distribution of participants. Despite this early realisation of our childfree stance, 80.4% of participants have been "bingoed" at some stage in their lives. Only 13% of participants are opposed to parents making posts on this subreddit. Bonus section: The Subreddit In light of the "State of the Subreddit" survey from 2018, some of the questions from this survey were added to the current Subreddit Survey 2019. By and large our participants were lurkers (66.17%). Our participants were divided on their favourite flairs with 33.34% selecting "I have no favourite". The next most favourite flair was "Rant", at 20.47%. Our participants were similarly divided on their least favourite flair, with 64.46% selecting "I have no least favourite". Potentially concerningly were the 42.01% of participants who selected "I have never participated on this sub", suggesting a disparity between members who contributed to this survey and members who actually participate in the subreddit. To further address this, next year's survey will clarify the "never participated" option by specifying that "never participated" means "never up/downvoting, reading posts or commenting" in addition to never posting. A small minority of the survey participants (6.18%) selected "yes" to allowing polite, well meaning lectures. An even smaller minority (2.76%) selected "yes" to allowing angry, trolling lectures. In response to this lectures remain not tolerated, and removed on sight or on report. Almost half of our users (49.95%) support the use of terms such as breeder, mombie/moo, daddict/duh on the subreddit, with a further 22.52% supporting use of these terms in context of bad parents only. In response to this use of the above and similar terms to describe parents remains permitted on ths subreddit. 55.3% of users support the use of terms to describe children such as crotchfruit on the subreddit, with a further 17.42% of users supporting the use of this and similar terms in context of bad children only. In response to this use of the above and similar terms to describe children remains permitted on ths subreddit. 56.03% of participants support allowing parents to post, with a further 28.77% supporting parent posts dependent on context. In response to this, parent posts will continue to be allowed on the subreddit. Furthermore 66.19% of participants support parents and non childfree making "I need your advice" posts, with a further 21.37% supporting these dependent on context. In light of these results we have decided to implement a new "regret" flair to better sort out parents from fencesitters, which will be trialed until the next subreddit survey due to concern from some of our members. 64.92% of participants support parents making "I support you guys" posts. Therefore, these will continue to be allowed. 71.03% of participants support under 18's who are childfree participating in the subreddit. Therefore we will continue to allow under 18's that stay within the overall Reddit age requirement. We asked participants their opinion on moving Rants and Brants to a stickied weekly thread. Slightly less than half (49.73%) selected leaving them as they are in their own posts. In light of the fact that Rants are one of the participant's favourite flairs, we will leave them as they are. There was divide among participants as to whether "newbie" questions should be removed. An even spread was noted among participants who selected remove and those who selected to leave them as is. We have therefore decided to leave them as is.
Thank you to our participants who contributed to the survey. To whoever commented, "Do I get a donut?", no you do not, but you get our appreciation for pushing through all of the questions! Overall there have been few significant changes in the community from 2018.
Where’s the best place to live in light of collapse?
Ok we are 323 comments in on the collapse post and 98% didn’t bother to make even a slightly thoughtful answer. So... i guess i will be the change i want to see in the world First off, If you are the fatalistic nihlistic type you can just go where you think it will be nice to die, maybe that is with friends and family, maybe it is on a beach in mexico, or feeding your body to the last polar bear. For everyone else that still has the instinct and drive for self-preservation….
What are the best places to be leading up to or during collapse?
First let's question the question.
What difference does it make to know "What are the best places to be leading up to or during collapse"? The answer is dependent upon your own personal situation. Your personal situation has limiting factors.
Imagine you are a goat herder in Somalia during a multi year drought and there is no grass for feeding your animals. You have to sell them for dirt cheap because everyone else is also trying to sell off everything they can to get money thus depressing the goat prices further. Now the price of food is skyrocketing because there is no grass and the farmers crops failed, everyone is trying to buy up a hoard of food because everyone knows it is going to be a hard year. You manage to get the equivalent of $120USD in cash after selling practically everything you own but held onto one breeding pair of your healthiest goats you plan to use to regain a livelihood after the drought is over.
Imagine you are a billionaire with a fueled up superyacht, a helicopter, and a private plane. You have practically unlimited money, friends who are rich and connected in other countries, and a whole slew of passports, visas, and secondary citizenships, all else failing you can buy citizenships in most countries for less than $2million investment and pay a teams of specialists to expedite the process.
Your personal Limiting Factors constrain you usually somewhere between those extremes, everyone has different options. If we assume you are asking the question "What are the best places to be leading up to or during collapse" because you want to have the best standard of living available for as long as possible or simply survive the incoming population bottleneck, then the practical question becomes ...
"What are the best places to be, leading up to or during collapse, that i can get to, and establish myself in such a way that I can maintain the best standard of living possible for as long as I can or simply increase my probability of surviving the incoming population bottleneck."
It is important to ask this question to constrain the search space to the possible. It makes fuck-all difference if a somali goat herder knows about the ToP SeCret ElitE mULtibiLLioNaIre New ZEaLand sOUth IsLaNd ReDoUbt BuNkeR CoMmUnITy It is not going to help him and should not be in the search space as a survival strategy. TL:DR Constrain your search space to what is realistically achievable for you.
Start with your baseline probability of survival and increase it.
Don't let a search for "best place" stop you from achieving "good enough place" or "better than where i was previously place".
You are just trying to be an early adopter of increasing your survival probability stats before the non collapse-pilled masses.
Think of surviving bottlenecks like surviving a charging bear attack, you don't need to be able to outrun the bear, you only need to be able to outrun the slowest people in the group up to the point the bear's appetite is satiated.
What are the best places to be, leading up to or during collapse, that i can get to, and establish myself in such a way that I can maintain the best standard of living possible for as long as I can or simply increase my probability of surviving the incoming population bottleneck."
Ok now lets question the new question some more...
In order to answer this we need to untangle some of the subjective and objective elements. The objective elements of human survival are well known.
Optimizing location is a series of subjective trade-offs. There is no perfect place, they all have advantages and disadvantages. So you must decide your personal preference of which goods and bads you most desire and what your scenario expectations are of the future. Your personal preferences and collapse expectations mean the “best area” is specific to you. What you can achieve and what do you desire, find the overlap between the two, then do research to find the place that gives you the most goods with the least bads and increases your probability of survival and standard of living. One of the best strategies is to adapt yourself to your local circumstances to take advantage of the advantages, and plan ahead to mitigate the disadvantages, it is really all most people can do for themselves. Do you like not living in unbearable heat, maybe moving to greenland is NOT a better option than just buying 400watts of solar panels and attaching it to a small efficient AC that keeps one room of your house cool even during summer electricity blackouts. Most problems have multiple solutions, it is worth it to take time and think about things from an economic perspective and different time horizon perspectives. Increasing your optionality is better than narrowing it when it comes to survival, rather than the binary thinking, of “go way out into the northern mountains, farm and live in a bunker” versus “be a full time yuppie and ignore collapse issues”. Getting 2 acres you can put a cheap used rv camper on and go do permaculture on during weekends, near enough your place of employment/where you live, is probably a better plan. Indeed the small dacha’s and country gardens helped many people survive the collapse of the USSR. They would spend weekends and haul potatoes/veggies back to the city with them on the bus. Hedge your bets to cover the most scenarios including the most likely scenarios like losing your job or getting in a car accident. Survival and thriving always has and always will involve dynamic adaptation. Here is a very short list of some of potential trade-offs that you may need to think about and some brief descriptions of how they can affect things. This is NOT meant to be a systematic or exhaustive analysis, this is just me stream-of-conscious flowing on strong coffee to help others start thinking about it for themselves. There are unlimited variables
Hot versus cold
A lot of people in the forum think they it is somehow optimal for them to move to canada or greenland. Someone in eastern kansas moving to canada is not necessary, remember even in RCP8.5 business as usual scenario kansas by the end of the century still won’t be as hot as texas is currently. If there are already people living in hotter dryer areas now, then it doesn’t make a lot of sense to pack up your shit and move to the arctic, just enjoy the longer summers. At least base it on something scientific like the expectation of when that area will cross the 35C wetbulb survivability threshold, so if you live in Bandar Mahshahr then yes move somewhere else now is time.
Do you have children?
Moving somewhere may not be needed if you can live out your expected natural lifespan before things get too bad, especially with the climate. If you have children you may want to move to account for the expectations during their future lifetimes.
Wet versus dry
Wet places usually have more disease and insect loads for people and crops. In dry places it is harder to raise food, net primary productivity is usually lower, except where irrigation is available but there are usually less pests including plant fungal diseases like powdery mildew. There are Europeans living in certain parts of africa whom can only inhabit those areas currently because of antimalarial drugs, pesticides and mosquito nets. The native populations are full of people heterozygous for sickle cell which gives them resistance/immunity to the malaria, just a long view consideration.
Seasonality of rainfall
if you get all your rainfall in the summer you usually live in a region where the muggy wetbulb temps are higher and will be getting higher. You are more likely to get floods during the growing season. If you get rainfall mainly in the winter like mediteranean climates you will usually have dry summers with low humidity so deadly wetbulb temps should not be a problem but maintaining summer vegetables requires irrigation. If using rainfed agriculture you will have different crop choices, which areas grow the types of food you like?
Sunny versus overcast
Sunny areas are great for some dark skinned people and needed for vitamin D production in post collapse scenarios unless you have a good dietary source, black people in dim areas get Vitamin D deficiency diseases like rickets and have higher mortality in a hard enough crash. Gecko skinned gingers thrive better in overcast areas. Lots of people currently exist in environments they are biologically maladapted to, they are only able to live there because of modern fortified foods/supplements and medical care. Bright sunlight destroys folate (needed for reproduction) in pale people and causes skin cancer. Some people get S.A.D. and commit suicide in the gloomy winters of the pacific northwest USA. Just because a place is good in lots of other ways, you should not consider it if it will leave suicidal.
Growing season, long versus short
Long growing season usually means more heat for longer, more times to grow crops but usually less optimal conditions. Short seasons means you have to compress a lot more work in a shorter amount of time. It also means trees grow slower and growing your own fuel supply takes more land footprint while you simultaneously need more heating fuel. Places like iowa have moderate/short growing season but the high lattitude makes for long daylength which increases productivity during the moderate/short growing season. Rainfall is concentrated during the summer and soils highly fertile but it is practically one giant biocide saturated monoculture of death. It doesn’t matter if the you live in a fecund area if your future children die of bluebaby syndrome from the nitrate pollution in the well-water or end up mentally retarded from the chlorpyrifos spray drift bioaccumulating and destroying neural development in utero.
Let's be real here, most of you need to have employment to live, even as things crumble in a slow crash the vast majority will be dependent on employment and purchasing in the marketplace that which they need for subsistence. Cities are almost always better for employment. Keep in mind recently and historically, even prior to the industrial revolution, people were more often moving to cities to escape collapse scenarios in real life. You can look at africa and the middle east today. The reason is the city with its dense network effects can command food from a diversity of sources and the economics incentivize shipping surplus to cities. In times where the economics don't incentivize it governments usually seize it and send it to the cities. There is lots of historical precedent showing this, despite the general ruralist zeitgiest among collapsniks thinking that they need a homestead in the country. Employment or entitlements has been and will be the primary way people meet subsistence needs even in most collapse scenarios. Even in 3rd world areas that are experiencing famines, war, full infrastructure breakdown and conditions that are equivalent to 1st worlder visions of total collapse, people still wake up, go to work pulling weeds for the local land baron, get paid and then go buy a bowl of millet from the store.
High versus low wages.
some areas have low wages but this can come with benefits like low cost of living and people being pre-adapted to living through cooperative social behaviors and "ghetto rigging" improvisation. Last time i was in some shithole parts of arkansas i noticed just about every rural person had a decent sized garden, more than any other state i've been to. They feel compelled to share unlike some high-income places where people are clawing for money to pay rents or status seeking in a dog eat dog competitive environment. I have lived in quite a few homeless encampments and one thing that surprises people is how everyone gives away all surplus among each other, this is a paleolithic variance smoothing strategy, it is supernaturally effective and feels natural once you do it. I see it re-evolve over and over in poor people.
Education levels and sociability of the population
Is the area culturally acceptable to you? Are you acceptable to the people of the area?
There are places that may have all sorts of good qualities but they are filled with ignorant racist meth head bible belt sociopaths who will torment you out of sheer boredom. Some places get full of these people and they reinforce the ignorance and shittiness into a dominant culture that you will be fighting against if you move there. When moving to a place where you are an outsider and the community is hostile to allowing assimilation that can reduce your survival odds. See various historical genocides.
Distance from food sources
Being close to a food source like right on a farm you grow on is great but if you have crop failure you may have no draw to bring in the food. Distance should be measured multiple ways including the strength and reliability of the transportation networks and the energetic distance for transport in energy descent scenarios. Think of the number of connections in the network you can draw from. In a city there are many stores each store sourcing from thousands of farmers, if a few farmers or stores fail there are still plenty of options. Some small rural towns depopulate once the single local walmart closes. Do you trust the local weather and your own potential self sufficiency more than markets/entitlements and transport resilience? Across what scenarios and time spans?
Legal rights and entitlements availability
Solid legal rights and strong property law is great if you are part of the ownership class but when you are dispossessed, lack of legal enforcement can give you a higher standard of living because you can build shelter and do side hustles things without having "the man" come slap you down. In a place like western Europe you may have recourse to welfare entitlements and unemployment insurance payments to buy food in financial crashes and slow crash scenarios, in some countries things like this are not available, this is more important than most people think. Indeed most recent famines occur where food is present but people just have no way to buy it because they are brokeAF, you don't see rich people in those areas starving.
Water flows towards money. Just because there is a stream nearby doesn't mean you will be able to take water from it, you may need water rights while government is still able to enforce such edicts. Alternatively you may have impeccable senior water rights but the government enforcement is defunded and someone with zero water rights is upstream from you sucking the entire creek dry during a crash. Rainfall vs irrigation. rainfall allows a form of independence but having reliable irrigation can smooth out catastrophic variance in rain shortfalls. Don’t forget irrigation management was a major factor in the formation of early oppressive states.
Even prior to the industrial revolution, in cities that had Sea Ports, the population in those cities had higher survival rates than those living in the countryside during famines. Transportation is critical. More transportation modes plane, train, automobile, bikepaths, all different roads, rails, canals, rivers etc. These transports allow goods to flow, which generally helps satisfy regional shortages. Some people judge the main threat to be people taking what they have, usually it is governments doing the taking in the historical record but many are concerned with mythical hordes. If you subscribe to this paranoia about people robbing your homestead you may enjoy being as minimally connected as possible to the transport system. You must determine based on your own preferences and expectations. Good transport is a double edged sword, it means food/resources can also be shipped out of your area towards money/powerful people, remember ownership norms and enforcement rarely disappear during collapse-like periods, indeed the ownership class still sends supplies to the highest bidder which may not be you, see Irish Gorta Mor for example.
In places like london way back when they still burned wood as cooking and heating fuel there were estates just outside the city that were highly organized coppice producers that fueled the city. Wood is heavy and only so much could be carried in a cartload considering they relied on animal traction. There was a distance where bringing the wood to london to sell would not make you any money even despite you getting wood for free because the cost of the journey feeding yourself and animal took the entire value of the wood. These effects are worth thinking about across different transport scenarios. Assets become stranded and likewise things can become uneconomical to ship to you when you need things produced in the city. The wood producing estates outside london were well off financially and smaller estate size could provide higher income than the much more distant estates that were an order of magnitude larger. Transport matters, markets and trade continue to exist in practically every collapse and even in supermax prisons, expect to use markets as a survival strategy, it is more likely than you living some isolated mountain man scenario.
(the older a soil is geologically X how much rainfall it gets) is what generally determines how fertile it is. The best soils are those that are relatively new and have been subjected to just enough rainfall to match the evapotranspiration rate, this minimizes nutrients leaching out, these are the mollisols/chernozems of the prairies. Because the water is just-enough in those zones they are also right at the edge where they can have major droughts with even slightly less rainfall. Wetter areas generally have less inherent soil fertility because of more leaching of nutrients but have more room for rainfall variability without plants meeting water deficiency.
your social ties family friends locations
Having a positive social environment with people you love while just getting by, is better than doing well financially and being socially isolated, for most people. Don’t abandon good family and friends if you can avoid it, it is usually not worth it. “Social capital” has always been a key to human flourishing. Many people in the collapse of the USSR survived on “blat”, not by relocating. A real world social network for altruistic reciprocity is a survival tool.
Proximity to imperialist countries with militaries that may want/need your resources for themselves or their people
Places like ukraine, some of the best farmland in the world, a country may seem optimal in many ways but historically this advantage was noted by outsiders and it has been at the crossroads of empires which means they suffered tremendously in war. The devastation of war and imperialism negated much of the natural benefits of the area when it comes to survival rates. This is something to consider. In parts of africa there is more conflict in abundant zones with more food, outside of famine zones because paramilitaries are supported from the land there and controlling the food supply is used as weapon of political power. Concentration of resources can make areas more dangerous, it makes attacking them economical.
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Brexit. How did it come to this? As someone who was conflicted about the vote and who attempted to weigh up the arguments rationally, I would like to offer to the readers of reddit, a personal story of how my thinking evolved in the lead up to the vote, how I voted, and how my thoughts have developed since then. Rather than post a one-sided polemic, justifying a particular view, I want here to present my thoughts as accurately as I can describe them, including nuances and doubts along the way. That probably means I'll end up getting criticism from both sides - but perhaps some people might be interested and appreciate it. So, here goes... About Me Demographic information: white male, 40s. Rural working class by family background; middle class by education and profession. Voting affiliation: usually Conservative; formerly Liberal Democrat. Background I was never enthusiastic about the idea of the European Union, but rather saw it as a means to ensure trade and co-operation on a practical level. Certainly if you'd asked me 10 years ago, I would have argued that it's better to stay in to try to influence it for the better. But over the years, I had become less certain of this view, due to seemingly one-way ever-increasing centralization in the EU, towards something more akin to the United States. Actually worse, as I can foresee the EU taking more power from member states than does the US federal government, in some areas this is already the case in fact. At least the US has the 10th Amendment. But despite this strong skepticism of the EU institutions, I've always seen the other European countries as friendly, important allies, and want to see good trading, personal and cultural relationships across the continent of Europe. Therein lies my conflict. Influencing factors
The Euro. A single currency for the whole of Europe! What could possibly go wrong? As we know, plenty did go wrong. Perhaps this was the first indicator that something was seriously wrong at the heart of the EU project. It seemed to confirm a suspicion: that the philosophy of centralization and political integration was more important than practical economics. A generation of EU politicians, who so believed in the project, seemed to have allowed their utopian vision to override practical, pragmatic considerations. Furthermore, as the EU gets ever increasing powers, it will inevitably be run more in the interests of Euro members. As a non-Euro member, the UK would be particularly exposed to being forced into things against its national interest.
Government by continent. I am in favour of international trade and co-operation. But I really don't see why this has to be done to such a large extent at continent level. The idea of the EU seems to be predicated on having strong border on the outside and you're either in it or out of it. Sure, on a practical level, there may be some need for some Europe-wide institutions, and there are plenty of EU agencies that I'd be happy to part of. But for me the EU goes way beyond what is necessary or desirable. My preferred model would be less tied to continental masses. Especially when it comes to western democracies: I see no reason why links with Canada or Australia must necessarily be lesser than those with European countries. I am also skeptical of the need or benefit of a "European identity" that is distinct from people in other continents. Like how UKIP supporters are sometimes branded "little Englanders", I think that fanatical EU supporters can equally be branded "little Europeaners".
Localism. I am in favour of the decisions in general being taken and the most local level that makes practical sense. Indeed, the UK itself is too centralized too, and I would welcome more powers for cities and counties. Despite any claims to the contrary, the EU can and does make laws on things that could easily be left with member sates. The mantra is harmonisation, but that might be just another way of saying centralized control. Some things will necessarily require international bodies to decide upon, but where this is necessary, in many cases it might make more sense to have global bodies rather than continental ones.
The votes for prisoners judgement by the ECHR. It might seem esoteric - and before people jump in to say it: yes I know the ECHR is not an EU institution. But there was a lesson to be learned here, so let me explain. This was an outrageous decision and an affront to democracy. I was disgusted. Not just at the decision, which was offensive enough, but at the fact that there was apparently nothing that could be done about it. A court had ruled it, so that was that. In my view, the UK should have immediately left the ECHR in protest at this decision. Don't get me wrong, I am in favour of human rights law, and would happily subscribe to the basic text of European Convention on Human Rights. But what we had here was unaccountable judges overstepping their remit into areas of political policy, without being subject to democratic accountability: If it had been a UK judge, at least the Parliament could subsequently change the law. What this case showed to me, more than anything, was the absolute and critical importance of sovereignty and democratic accountability in a political system. While the ECHR might be relatively easily ignored for now, clearly this represents a danger: future outrageous judgements, perhaps next time by the ECJ, would be binding. So while not directly an EU issue, this case for me was critical in developing my thinking about questions of sovereignty.
The awkward UK. It always seems to be that we are the ones that are holding things in the EU back. Personally, I can't really understand why other countries seem happy to subordinate themselves. But if that's what they want, maybe we should just get out of the way and let them get on with it. On the other hand, by staying in, perhaps we could find common cause with others to offer a different vision for Europe - one that is more strictly limited to the practical needs of co-operation over trade.
The lead up to the vote When the referendum was announced, I wasn't clear how I would vote. I decided I would wait and see what David Cameron came back with after negotiating a so-called "reformed EU" package. Sadly, the answer was not much. Even in the face of one if its biggest members and contributors having serious doubts about even remaining a member, the inflexibility and zeal from the EU was undiminished. They were willing to call our bluff. I listened to the debates. Both campaigns in truth were awful. Whether it was the £350 million we send to the EU, or the £4300 a year worse off, there were stupid statistics being thrown around on both sides. The one thing that cut through was the "take back control" message. The reason this resonated, in my view, was that is crystallised in a neat phrase the pre-existing concerns over the sovereignty question. Apart from the fears that the economy would be worsened if we left, I don't remember a single convincing pro-EU argument being made from the Remain side. It might be have been put: "Vote Remain - the EU is a necessary evil"! If we were to Leave, I could see, there would be short term uncertainty and turmoil, and it would give the politicians on both sides of the channel a big headache. On the other hand, if we were to Remain, the forces in favour of centralizing the EU would see it as tacit approval for their plans. Still, leaving outright felt too extreme to me, too drastic. I was also put off by some of the more strident anti-immigration messages that were coming from certain Leave extremists, but there were plenty of mainstream politicians arguing what seemed to be a reasonable case for Leave (and I'm not counting Boris in that list). I found myself wishing there were another other alternative, a middle ground. But, it was a binary choice, so I had to pick a side. What should I do? In the end, I couldn't see how I could vote for doing nothing, which is what a Remain vote would be. A message had to be sent. Even if, as the polls were saying, Remain would win, a very close result might at least act as a warning. The day of the vote With some mixed feelings, I voted Leave. The immediate aftermath Watched the results coming in with some surprise, to say the least! Did I feel happy or joyful that my "side" had won? No, not really. I felt trepidation. Had I done the right thing? In truth, I wasn't sure. But, had I voted Remain and that side had won, I'm sure I would have felt a different set of anxieties - the consequence of having a vote where neither option is entirely satisfactory. The trouble with being on the winning side, is you are then partly responsible for what follows. There is a certain joyful freedom about being on the losing side - you can take the moral high ground at anything that goes wrong subsequently. Still, I did have a sense of optimism that despite the initial upheaval, a new beginning where the country reconnects more directly to the wider world was possible. Events since the vote There have been two events since the referendum that have caused me to question my vote:
Calling the 2017 general election. I am completely with Brenda from Bristol here. Having triggered Article 50, you would think the government would have been fully concentrating on the exit process and preparing a sensible new arrangement. But no, instead Mrs May decides to put selfish party advantage before that of the country. Although I was angry about that, I still voted Conservative, as the best hope for a decent Brexit deal.
The election of Donald Trump. What a disaster: America first, protectionism, and anti-free trade. My Leave vote had been in large part to have more global links and co-operation, but now this vision seemed a lot less likely. Leave and Trump voters are often mentioned in the same sentence, but my definition of Leave is virtually the complete opposite of Trump's policies.
Current state of play So how do I feel now? I still hope that a decent deal can be found that maximises trade and co-operation, but at a level that the UK as a whole feels comfortable with, both Leave and Remain voters. However I have my doubts, the referendum has opened up a cultural division that I don't see disappearing even after Brexit is complete. The whole country is still polarized as ever, and the issue has now become a matter of political identity - something I regret. Unsurprisingly, the EU institutions are intransigent and inflexible as ever, so getting a decent deal is not going to be easy. Does that mean Brexit should be cancelled and revert to the status quo? I don't see how that can happen either, the mistrust and negative feeling toward the EU institutions has only grown, and I wouldn't feel optimistic about that option either - the issues outlined above with the EU would still be there if we remained in on the same terms. In summary, I still have some hope that Leave will turn out to be the best long-term option, given the unfortunate binary nature of the vote, but wish a different solution could have been found - a genuinely reformed EU - that would have avoided having the vote in the first place, and potentially have been a more satisfactory outcome all round. Phew, that about sums it all up. Thanks for reading this long post. Edit: Some have asked me about the future arrangement and what kind of deal I think there should be, so I'm going to add a new section: Future I support the ongoing negotiations, and subscribe neither to the "relax, everything will be great" blind optimism of some Brexiteers, nor the "everything will be disaster, cancel it at once" cries of some Remainers. I think in the end, if a sensible compromise is found, it'll probably be less of a big deal than people are expecting. People will adapt to the new system and carry on as normal. As a mere layperson I can't say exactly what I think the deal should be, but my desire for us to be more interconnected directly with the wider world necessitates leaving the customs union - otherwise, there isn't really any point in Brexit at all! I am open to exploring EFTA-style arrangements though if they can be made fair to both sides. The atmosphere is tense at the moment but I think we all need to take a breath, remain calm, and hold our nerve, and then assess the final deal (both economic and sovereignty-wise) once negotiations are complete.
Where / How to start Investing in Canada with little capital.
Hey so I am a 23 year old Canadian man, just trying to figure out how I can start to leverage some of my extra savings into making more money for myself. I know my first step is to get more capital to invest (I only have about $500 CAD rn to invest) so I'm saving more from my job and cutting my expenses. But I wanna know if there is anything I can do now, specifically things that are more short term. I used to trade Binary Options for awhile before Canada placed a ban on them and had some mild success. I would just like some solid advice tho on what avenue I should take and if there is a way I can participate in the market now. Thank a million and Happy Gains!
FULL Patch Notes Live transcript from PDXCon, featuring CK2, EU4, HoI4, and Stellaris!
TIDINGS FROM CRUSADER KINGS II, PATCHES 2.8.1 AND 2.8.2
AI realms spanning dozens of holdings with thousands of loyal warriors at their command will no longer put their hands up and agree to give you any tribute you want before any blood is spilled just because you rode up on them with your squad and demanded their lunch money in a gruff tone of voice.
Subsequent emperors of China will no longer take the excuse that you don’t have to travel to their court and prostrate yourselves before them because you, quote, “Already did that for the last guy and I’m pretty sure it still counts.”
No longer possible to behead Jiang for sleeping with your wife and then receive formal condolences from the Emperor of China for the death of your beloved mutual friend.
After six years, the AI now understands how holdings work.
We gave up on trying to teach vassals how the Byzantine administrative system because, let’s face it, even we don’t really have any clue - and decided to turn it off for everyone within an imperial administration except top-level rulers.
AI rulers should no longer revoke duchies, then see how upset it made their vassal and give it back, but then remember why they took it away in the first place and take it away again, but then they just can’t stand those sad puppy dog eyes Humbert is making and… hey, does this ale taste funny to you?
Eunuchs have been banned from Medieval Tinder.
The trade route tooltip will now tell you why your trade posts are making no money, such as if China is being a pain in the ass, everyone in the Tarim Basin has been killed by plague, everyone in the Tarim Basin has been killed by Mongols, or everyone in the Tarim Basin has killed one another.
The Imperial Court of China will no longer list all of the reasons the Emperor was thinking about granting your request, and only focus on the reasons he ultimately decided against it and sent your dumb ass packing back to Samarkand.
When using the border dispute CB, your advisers should no longer assure you of the submission of barons who have not been consulted at all about the change in administration yet.
Added a tooltip to explain why Blacksmith-senpai won’t ever notice you
Added another way to deal with Secret Bears. You know, other than the existing, highly effective way of turning them off forever in the game options menu.
The herald in charge of telling you what will happen if you become a Tributary of China should no longer ramble on so long that you fall asleep.
Targets who surrender to the Shatter Realm CB who own no land whatsoever in the target de jure area can no longer go, “Jokes on you, I’m just going to keep calling myself Emperor of Carpathia anyway!”
Fixed it being possible to end up as your own lover. We’re keeping that feature on the back burner in case we do an Alexander expansion for Imperator Rome.
Fixed the AI investing more money than they had in purchasing weapons, jewelry and armor, as this made them too difficult to tell apart from the player.
Updated the Investigate Artifact Rumors chain, making it possible for anyone to complete it ever.
Counts who successfully sacrifice hundreds of lives and two young, strong sons to become independent from a wicked duke who tortures children can no longer have their vassalage sold immediately back to that duke by the apathetic king they both serve.
Removed the ability for kinslayers who murdered a grandparent or grandchild to sometimes convince everyone they weren’t that close so it’s not such a big deal.
Breaking free of a tributary contract will no longer allow your suzerain to seize one more month’s worth of resources from you as a cleaning fee even though you SPENT LIKE 20 HOURS DUSTING SCRUBBING EVERYTHING SHARON! THAT APARTMENT WAS SPOTLESS!
If you dedicate a book to your rival, they will still be grateful but also suspicious of what kind of devious shit you’re trying to pull, here.
Fixed an event that would essentially lead you to write, “And this is where I would put the dedication to my loyal chancellor - IF I HAD ONE!”
The Chinese Emperor no longer accepts gifts of one-eyed, one-legged, bedridden leppers with smallpox to serve as potential concubines.
Newly-minted noblemen are no longer allowed to abandon their families at the castle of their previous lord when granted a title. Laramie is your son, and that means he’s your problem.
Female Muslim adventurers will no longer accept the excuse, “You can’t invade us! You’re a woman!” from their enemies.
Fixed nations that adopted Chinese Imperialism having their entire government snapped away by the Infinity Gauntlet when converting to EU4, as even Thanos agreed this was a statistical aberration.
Characters will no longer be pissed at you if they were removed from the council because they were hauled off by vikings or something. Even though it was your job to protect them. I bet they wish they had been Duke Baldric’s steward. He wouldn’t have let the castle fall and watched everyone sacrificed to Odin or sold to a slave market in Cordoba because he spent too much money on a fancy crown and couldn’t afford the Danegeld for the ransom. Why couldn’t you be more like Duke Baldric?
Relatives of the Chinese Emperor should no longer travel thousands of miles to Provence just so they can hang around at parties waiting to whip out the old, “Hey, do you even KNOW who my UNCLE is?”
Fixed yet another way you degenerates figured out to get around the no incest rules in the marriage code.
If you’re in the Hermetic order and you brew someone a potion, you will now stick around and act all excited to make them feel obligation to actually drink it and not dump it into the chamberpot.
Fixed a way secret bears could crash the game. Still unable to fix their tendency to crash its historical credibility.
Fixed some quartermasters in desert areas showing up with a bunch of normal horses with blankets stacked up like a hump on their backs and insisting that they were, indeed, the camels you asked for.
Added a way to find the Ark of the Covenant other than that super specific way that was never going to happen unless you read the game files and went for it specifically.
Fixed Medieval Tinder refusing to show you any matches during the first month your account was active.
Increased minimum province supply from 100 to 1000 to better keep in line with EU4’s model of attrition not really mattering much, as having you lose more men to attrition than battle casualties as was often the case in real life was considered too historically accurate.
You will now be forced to break up with your concubines before offering them to someone else as a concubine. This is 1169, not 1969.
Realms that consider you a threat that see your realm split in gavelkind will go, “Oh, I see. He’s an idiot,” and not worry too much about being conquered by you anymore.
Tribal vassals who have converted to a reformed pagan religion will no longer balk at the idea of feudalism, admitting they only adopted the new faith because they thought the robes and chanting seemed cool.
In realms with full gender equality, pretenders with weak claims who want to declare a succession war against a legitimate female liege will be told to go home and polish their shortsword.
Fired Prince Arthas from our AI programming team, so characters should no longer ship troops overseas by boat and then disband the boats and leave the army there forever.
The AI will now consider how OP the Catholic religion is with its bajillion holy orders when determining whether or not it’s a good idea to declare war.
The AI will no longer all abandon the siege of Jerusalem at once, with Godfrey claiming he thought Tancred was supposed to be in charge, Tancred claiming he thought Robert was supposed to be in charge, and Robert claiming he thought the other Robert was supposed to be in charge.
CTRL+click on campaign funds for cardinals and patricians will now send someone out to determine just how many people you need to pay off to win so you don’t have to waste a pfennig more of your wealth than is necessary to subvert the political process.
When hovering over your twin, the tooltip now says "Your Twin" rather than "Your BrotheSister", so you can be sure you’re banging your twin and not just some rando sibling.
“Unmarried Heir” alert no longer shows up if your heir lives in a different realm and is no longer returning your calls.
You will now be warned if you decide to disband a fleet in the middle of the sea that this will negatively impact the people onboard. Your fleetmaster had originally assumed you would be able to deduce this using common sense, but here we are.
Characters sent to China will no longer say they "died" in the tooltip when hovering over their age, because the Emperor assures you they are quite fine. They dictated this letter to you in Chinese that says so, so you have no reason to doubt.
Fixed a case where you might click “Ransom Prisoner”, and their captor would wheel out Jareth, the stableboy from Devon, instead of your only daughter, insisting that this is who you asked for and they’re not willing to negotiate on the price..
Fixed doing pretty much anything in the character finder causing the sorting order to break.
Content characters will no longer be less likely to discover plots, because they’re quite content NOT having a deadly viper in their bed and will take steps to ensure that does not happen.
A court physician who is dying of plague and bedridden will no longer be available to shove bees up the anuses of other characters dying of plague and bedridden in an attempt to cure them
Someone who holds no land in Aragon but claims to be Duke of a bunch of shit in Aragon (in duchies where they also own no land) in addition to King of Aragon will no longer be protected from having the kingdom usurped by someone who does actually own land there.
When participating in a ritual to honor the dead during a visit to China, you should no longer be prompted to honor a character who moved to China. Because those guys are totally still alive. We swear. They went hiking this weekend and probably won’t be back until after you leave but we’ll let them know you said hi.
Fixed an extremely rare situation in which a child could go into a coma, miraculously recover from being incapable and wake up as an adult, and still have their childhood personality traits, even though that sounds like a kickass 80s movie kinda like Big set in the middle ages.
The events that grant the Viking and Sea King traits no longer care about your gender. Only how many monks you can slaughter and how much of their gold you can haul off. It’s very progressive!
If China has gone isolationist, it is no longer possible to stand below the emperor’s window with a boombox held over your head playing that song you both really like until they agree to see you.
We’re still updating and balancing the Aztec religion for the benefit of Terrence in Allentown, PA who still plays with Sunset Invasion turned on.
Added in a historical Pope who was Pope for such a short time that we totally forgot he existed.
It’s no longer possible to expose a scandal to your target’s liege if the liege is four years old, because the Queen Regent is not going to let you explain to him what buggery is.
The Chinese Emperor will no longer blame you for the death of one of his courtiers if they were hauled off by vikings. Even though Duke Baldric would have protected his guest. Maybe the emperor should bestow his grace on a real leader like Duke Baldric instead!
Fixed so setting Mongol and Aztec invasions to “Random” in the game rules actually mean “at a random time, no less than 50 years after the start of the game”, as opposed to “almost always exactly 50 years ON THE DOT from the start of the game”.
Monastic Orders will no longer accept that you came home covered in blood from your “Penance” because you saw a vision of Christ and the blood squirted out of his palms and got all over your tabard and this is a sign of his favor, surely! It definitely had nothing to do with you marching into battle and cutting people’s limbs off while you were meant to be sequestered in prayer.
Fixed the War of the two Eriks leaving the rightful Erik independent if he loses
Prisoners who are not sacrificed in the ancestor worship events will no longer be so grateful that they become your best friend, despite still being imprisoned. I know Paradox is based in Stockholm but that seemed odd.
Incapable councilors will no longer somehow be able to successfully perform their duties, though you probably didn’t even notice this was happening before and applaud their herculean efforts, did you, you self-absorbed diva?
Some Satanic events that would previously declare you openly as a witch will allow you to assert that you are merely an ALLEGED witch, and everyone should calm down until more convincing evidence arises than all the infants who have been impaled on swords identical to the one you are carrying with that very specific style of ornamental crossguard known to be a signature of your personal smith.
TIDINGS FROM EUROPA UNIVERSALIS IV, PATCH 1.25.1
It is now impossible to get harsh treatment cost below 5, because no matter how pathetic the rebels look you still need to at least send one mean-looking constable to throw rocks at them until they go away.
Fixed all religion icons being offset in the ledger, which T.J. thought was being caused by him fucking up his mod and he spent like two hours trying to fix it. Thanks guys.
Nerfed mercenaries again because Army Professionalism apparently wasn’t enough of an incentive to stop you from spamming them.
Fixed Cleves having an actual Angel of Death on their payroll who could turn heretics to ash with a single glance.
Fixed that the game thought Shihr in Arabia was the capital of the Netherlands. Probably because of all the hash.
The AI should no longer refuse to end a war at 99% warscore even after decades because they would rather watch both nations collapse from war exhaustion than not get that sixth province they really wanted.
Fixed that the AI would always procrastinate exploring the Atlantic until they were done binging the most recent season of New Girl and petting their cat for two and a half hours.
TIDINGS FROM HEARTS OF IRON IV, PATCH 1.5.1 and 1.5.2
Fixed a case in which a division in Desperate mode would decide to retreat into the one province where they’d be even more screwed than they already were.
Added a tooltip that explains increased capacity for garrison orders, because none of the dev diaries did and nothing in-game did so we pretty much left everyone super fucking confused for the first week of 1.5.
Danzig for Guarantees now mentions getting Poznan as well. Hitler was trying to sneak that one in under the radar.
Added icons for German carrier CAS tech level 3, with a flavour names for if you somehow make it to 1945 and the Allies haven’t sunk all of your carriers yet.
Added an icon the for Attack Switzerland focu-I mean, uh… the… give Switzerland a hug focus. We would never invade you guys. Promise. Just keep all that gold safe.
Puyi should no longer wax rhapsodic about the virtues of independence from Japan if the Qing empire has already been restored and Tokyo is completely on fire.
Communist Japan can no longer leave 35 voicemails for Stalin asking if he’s changed his mind about volunteers once he’s told them he won’t be sending volunteers.
Just because Hitler is in the process of being overthrown by his own army no longer means other countries can’t stick with Appeasement, just to be safe.
Thanos will no longer snap and make half of Germany’s equipment disappear at the start of the Oppose Hitler civil war.
Communist Chinese focus tree now gets some infantry equipment production bonuses to make them actually playable.
Chinese factions should no longer be able to relocate their industry to secret, underground bases in states they do not control.
If Mussolini restores the Roman Empire, he can no longer decide to hold multiple triumphs for every successful campaign. Take it easy, Benny Boy.
If Mao takes over China politically, he will only have to deal with the fallout of his own poor decisions and not inherit the fallout of the poor decisions made by the preceding regime.
Removed a quantum entanglement scenario in which air wings could be fighting in more than one region at once, even though that Einstein guy was really keen to study it.
Surprise Attack Plan for civil wars should now work, because Corporal Heller has been reminded that you’re not supposed to yell SURPRISE ATTACK! and run toward the enemy before the surprise attack commences.
Japan should no longer be able to send commandos to covertly lay pavement for airbases in Manchuria, in full view of the enemy, if Japan does not control Manchuria.
Adjusted minimum and average death dates for Wilhelm II and von Mackensen so they might, like, get to participate in the war.
Fixed a bug where Stalin could assume direct control of countries with generic leaders like Agent Smith in the Matrix.
AI should no longer assign a bunch of tanks to a defensive order, demonstrating that they don’t really understand what tanks are for.
Fixed a number of issues with Romania in base game without DLCs enabled, if you for some weird reason want to play Romania without the DLC that makes them worth playing.
Poland is now less likely to join the Allies if they’ve given Germany all of the land they wanted and now the Soviets are hungrily eyeing the rest.
Now possible to demand your industrial designers make a StuG that looks like a Tiger II by selecting unit models in the division designer.
Fixed an issue where if the AI didn’t need any equipment right this second, it would lay off thousands of factory workers instead of trying to build up a stockpile of things it had plenty of raw materials to make.
AI Chinese Warlords fighting Japan will no longer sometimes decide they can handle it on their own and don’t need to be a part of this United Front nonsense.
Finland and the Baltic Countries will no longer refuse to trust Germany even once they’ve overthrown the Nazis and explicitly pledged to protect Finland and the Baltic Countries from Soviet aggression.
AI Germany may now decide to build some additional military factories before 1940.
Added a confirmation pop up while assigning every unit in army to a different army's front orders to prevent you from flipping yet another computer desk because you just ruined your complex invasion plan AGAIN
The Soviet scorched earth tactics now has a tooltip letting you know exactly how many innocent peasants lost everything in the name of their own supposed liberation.
Scorched Earth decisions are now hidden if there are no peasant hovels left to destroy.
You can no longer infinitely appropriate land for industry in the same state until it’s basically a small pocket of a Forge World from Warhammer 40K in the middle of the Chinese countryside.
Adjusted Polish and German provinces and states to make historical German WW1 borders possible, so don’t say we never did anything just because some geographical particularists made a fuss about it on the forums.
A Chinese power struggle should no longer end with multiple tags calling themselves China and refusing to recognize the other Chinas, even though this is what happened historically.
France will not immediately become a bloodthirsty killing machine if the Kaiser is restored to power.
Added an option to Chinese provocation event that allows Japan to nope the fuck out if things are looking really dicey.
Winter War peace treaty now appropriately hands over NOT ONE INCH MORE FINNISH SOIL than is absolutely necessary.
Generals with the Reckless trait will still be incautious, but there should be fewer reports of them charging a pillbox with a saber. We already tried that and it was called World War 1.
Changed mobilization impact from positive war support to the point that it has any effect whatsoever (up from none whatsoever).
Reworked the Manchukuo focus tree to make them actually playable (up from completely unplayable)
Manchus can now recruit the bandits instead of trying to fight them because, after all, we all want the same thing and it’s the Japanese to get the fuck out.
Manchukuo can now take a decision to allow them to build a lot of guns very quickly out of rocks and tape. They’re just not going to be especially reliable.
Made some things that used to cost a negligible amount of command power cost an amount that you may actually notice when it’s gone.
Countries with low war support are now more likely to surrender. Apparently that wasn’t a thing before now for some reason.
It should no longer be possible to gain a significant air superiority bonus on the ground using exclusively strategic bombers flying at such an altitude that you have to point them out to the enemy and say, “Aha! See those specks up there? Tremble in fear for they are your doooooom!”
Planes in general should now be less good at scaring the enemy but more good at actually getting kills on ground targets.
High-level radar will now assist all static AA guns in the same state, instead of folding their arms and refusing to speak to each other.
Static AA is really good now by the way.
Canada and Australia will now be somewhat less fucked by the Great Depression than the US is in 1936.
The German War Economy focus now requires that the German people actually want to go to war.
Political Power cost of renewing German Monopoly Money bills have been decreased, and they are now accepted at many locations that used to make fun of them.
Prevented various exploits that allowed naval transfer convoys to pose as a party of old whale fishermen just out for a nice trip around the North Atlantic, nothing to worry about, no Nazis in here, thereby allowing them to escape combat with a much larger fleet.
You will no longer receive naval combat reports about how your boats saw some other boats but no fighting happened.
You will no longer receive port strike notifications when someone at one of your ports thinks they saw an aircraft carrier but it never deployed any aircraft and then went away.
The Dutch can no longer ship the Kaiser off to Borneo to prevent Germany from rescuing him when their mainland holdings are overrun.
Imperial Germany now needs to prove themselves a right and proper asshole before Britain will kick them out of a faction.
Navies on convoy escort will no longer interpret their orders excessively literally and outright refuse to join any battles unless there are convoys to protect.
An already restored Austro-Hungarian Empire led by a Habsburg can no longer decide, “You know what? Fuck our ancient homeland,” and form Greater Hungary.
Panzer leaders are no longer prevented from gaining experience if there is EVEN ONE infantryman in their division.
Reworked the AI pathfinding so it shouldn’t try to use naval transport through the Strait of Gibraltar to get from Hamburg to Genoa when there is a friendly land route available.
Nuking Long Island now gives the same reduction in war support as if you’d hit Manhattan directly, even though most Manhattanites would probably thank you for doing so in real life.
Took some steps to fix the absolute clusterfuck that is the Yalta Conference event.
If an oppose Hitler civil war breaks out, the anti-Nazi side will no longer have to worry about honoring nor dealing with the backlash of their magical fun money.
Fixed an issue where the newspapers reporting on nuclear strikes might not be entirely sure where they happened.
Fixed the Hungarian media’s tendency to pull a Weekend at Bernie’s and try to maintain the illusion that their king is still alive and in good health even if that is not necessarily the case.
Warlords that inherit incompetent officers from the Nationalist military upon taking power no longer have to go, “Fuck, I guess we’re stuck with these bozos forever.”
Added a tooltip to help players struggling with the incomprehensible idea that they can’t get a treaty with the USSR if they’ve already signed the Anti-Soviet Pact.
Multiple peace conferences firing at the same time should no longer break everything forever.
TIDINGS FROM STELLARIS PATCH 2.0.1 and 2.0.2
Fixed an issue in which lesser species set to processing, grid amalgamation, and livestock purge types were simply being dumped into a canyon by lazy drones and thus producing no usable resources.
Hive Minds and Machine Empires will no longer dedicate large sections of their starbases to commerce stalls and merchant shipping berths that go completely unused as they have evolved beyond the concept of trade between individuals.
Auto-generated ships will no longer always choose the most suicidal combat computer available.
War Overview no longer attempts to calculate a winner in battles, because the dark void that seeks to swallow us all is the only true winner in war.
Marauder raiding fleets will no longer feel the need to obliterate everything in their path to steal some minerals from the spooky tree people.
If your leader becomes the Chosen One, you can now opt to become a Divine Empire by decision and regardless of ethics, given that all other government types have basically been proven wrong before your eyes.
Titans no longer feel the need to get into a particle lance-measuring contest with every other ship in the fleet by rushing into the fray where they’re going to get shot to shit with torpedoes and guarantee the battle won’t be a resource trade in your favor.
Having anything for your science ships to do at all in the mid and late game is now locked behind a tradition instead of technology.
It is now possible to use food in trade details, whereas previously even an empire facing mass starvation would tell you your sickening xeno-fruit wasn’t worth a single damn thing to them!
The Plunder wargoal now does something.
It is no longer possible to declare a Stop Colossus war just because an empire knows how to make a Colossus if they haven’t built actually built one yet. The American delegates to the United Nations of Earth Congress are very upset about this.
Added some new events to make neighboring the Marauders not just absolutely suck ass 24/7.
Getting Ring Worlds no longer takes up, like, all of your ascension perk slots to the point that it doesn’t even make sense to get them unless you’re super stoked about ring worlds.
The Erudite trait now makes leaders smart, not just miners and farmers. Having only the leaders be idiots in an otherwise sharp society seemed like something better suited for our historical games.
Wide empires no longer take such a harsh penalty to tradition costs, further reinforcing the fact that in Stellaris, if you want to play tall, you can go choke on a Blorg appendage.
We’ve learned from the rather unfortunate incident at Arcology Gamma that orbital habitats should probably not be entirely defenseless against ground invasions. If anyone is looking for a fixer-upper in close proximity to a lovely gas giant, we’re told the blood should come out of the floors, walls, and ceilings with diligent scrubbing.
Buffed Egalitarian ethic in an probably futile attempt to get any of you sadistic fucks to play a nice empire once in a while.
Militarists are no longer way better at fighting. They just give way fewer fucks about how badly the war is going. War is, after all, its own reward.
Asteroids will now mysteriously vanish from the galaxy 50 years after the game starts because again we don’t want to make things too hard on wide empires. They have so little going for them, you know?
Increased time limits of all Special Projects requiring a ship in orbit because, again, it was unfair to the poor wide empires who might have had to do something excruciating like have more science ships in different parts of their space as a balance against the overwhelming power their expansiveness granted them, in a way modeling the increased difficulty of governing that large an area of space.
The citizens back home will now care a little less that you’re sending their friends and loved ones to die in the depths of space if you assure them it’s for a good cause like freeing some aliens who didn’t ask for your help from a regime your government specifically doesn’t agree with.
Marauders who just took a bunch of an empire’s best stuff will now insist they allow time for that empire to make more cool stuff before they go take it all again.
If the Wraith leviathan wakes up and sees no one around, it will go back to bed for another bazillion years.
Unrest and unhappiness no longer reduces food production, because most pops realize that eating is still pretty important no matter how much the government sucks.
Happy slaves will now gain authoritarian attraction instead of egalitarian, because at this point there aren’t a whole lot of opportunities to make this game more fucked up that we won’t take.
It’s no longer possible to hide all the treasure beneath the golden citadel in the golden city of your solid gold capital world and convince the raiding Marauders that this bag of trinkets is the only wealth you have to give.
Increased Jump Drive cooldown from Situational to Probably Just Not Viable At This Point
Slowed down Forced Migration to give you more incentive to simply kill everyone if you want them gone quickly.
Precursor home systems are now much more likely to spawn somewhere that you will be able to reach without conquering half the galaxy to complete one quest.
Reduced tech cost per system from 2% to 1% because, again, we wouldn’t want to make playing wide any kind of trade-off.
You will no longer be restricted from declaring war to stop the bloodthirsty purifiers just because they don’t directly threaten you yet, forcing you to sit by and watch as they devour every empire around you while the council just shrugs.
To Boldly Go tradition now makes your science ships more likely to hit the GTFO button sooner rather than giving them a better chance of surviving long enough to hit it.
We couldn’t nerf Planetary Survey Corps to the point that it wasn’t amazing, and alas, it was too amazing for this galaxy. So we killed it.
Purifiers may now take the Nihilistic Acquisition perk, allowing them to consolidate xenos into a smaller area for more efficient genocide.
Executive Vigor no longer breaks the entire game.
The AI will now make a slightly greater effort to get its shit together when being attacked by the Great Khan.
AI will no longer Jump Drive out at the first sign of a Prethoryn ship and leave you to get devoured by a fleet that would have been easily defeatable if they had just stayed with you, thereby dooming the entire damn galaxy.
The Deep State of your empire has determined it is probably not worth building an entire Black Site just to spy on some miners operating an asteroid drill in an otherwise uninhabited system.
Forbade multiple auto-exploring science ships from doubling up to explore a single system because we’re pretty sure the captains were just using it as an excuse to meet up and bang.
Science ship captains no longer have plot armor when their ship is destroyed.
Determined Exterminators no longer have a mysterious interest in gardening.
Hive Mind governors can no longer rule with an iron fist over drones that are already part of the same, single will as them.
Fixed pretty much every other empire in the galaxy being Slaving Despots
Starbase designers will no longer build elaborate trading hubs in a system with a primitive empire and wonder why they aren’t flying their biplanes up to shop there.
Fixed an issue where Militarists, upon defeating the Prethoryn, would find their celebrations felt empty as they had already vanquished the greatest foe they would ever have the pleasure of meeting in battle, thus leaving the rest of their empire’s existence to stretch out into eternity as merely a denouement to the epic saga that has now transpired and passed irrecoverably into the annals of a glorious past. Ashes to ashes. Dust to dust.
Synthetically-ascended empires who have discovered the Ghost Signal will no longer assume it’s probably nothing and continue copying the unpatched code into all new units.
Fixed Curators giving wrong advice about the Wraith, then having to explain how very, very sorry they were about the loss of your entire fleet later.
Fixed a bug where the people building the ion cannon would sometimes forget to put in… the cannon part.
Awakened Empires no longer have the privilege of pointing out that a border is just, like, an imaginary line, man!
Fixed armies refusing to land on planets that had been taken over by ents, mutants, or other non-sapients because they felt they were, quote, “Not gettin’ paid enough for this shit.”
Fixed no one checking the blueprints for the ringworld until an entire system’s resources had been exhausted only to discover someone was off by like one ten thousandth of a percent somewhere and now the two ends of the loop don’t meet up. And it’s too late to do anything about it. It’s just going to stay that way now. Great job, idiots.
Added back in Will to Power as a unity ambition. Space Hitler is no longer boycotting the game.
You may now test fire planet crackers on uninhabited ring world segments, which is definitely a better use for them than trying to understand the history, technology, and downfall of a rich, hyper-advanced alien civilization.
Reduced firing speed and charge time on the Colossus to the point that you probably don’t have a prayer of stopping it.
Trickster admirals will now focus on fleeing in fear at the right moment, not necessarily fleeing quickly.
Nerfed xenomorph armies because let’s face it, their entire hive got schooled by a freight worker with a flamethrower and a glorified walking forklift.
Master Builders now makes orbital habitats not a huge waste of time and resources.
Fixed AI using jump drive in some cases where it shouldn't do so due to Jump Drive being really bad at all times.
A civilization that figures out how to build their own gateways will no longer be too confused to figure out how to use them until they’ve glanced at one left behind by someone else.
Fixed Google StarMaps sending ships several systems away for upgrades because it assumed “Nearest Starbase” didn’t include the one they were already at.
Fixed an issue where the unbidden could spawn in a system with a fortress world and be completely baffled about why their hyperdrives were nonfunctional, thus giving up on conquering the galaxy until they can reach tech support back in their home dimension.
Marauders no longer care if you’re poor. They’re going to take whatever shit’s not nailed down regardless.
The Unbidden and Prethoryns should no longer sometimes decide to designate a world just as somewhere chill to hang out rather than their usual MO of wiping out all higher forms of life everywhere.
AND NOW, SOME NEVER BEFORE RELEASED PATCH NOTES FROM DISTANT STARS AND THE 2.1 “NIVEN” PATCH!
Purchased the rights to several more seasons of Star Trek, increasing the total anomaly count by almost half.
Added three new leviathans to befriend. Go ahead. Poke it. I’m sure it won’t mind.
Added the L-Cluster, a mysterious area of space beyond the rim of the galaxy where I’m sure nothing bad happens ever.
Added binary star systems for those who don’t mind living in an unstable orbit that could send your entire civilization hurtling into the side of an unimaginably large nuclear furnace at any time.
Anomalies can no longer fail, because that added too much drama and excitement to the exploration phase. Instead, higher level anomalies will now simply take longer for lower-level scientists to research, replacing the tension of possibly losing your science officer with compelling Wait A Long Time While Nothing Happens gameplay.
Added Experimental Subsace Navigation which allows science ships to try and make it through Voyager again even though they know it’s never going to live up to TNG and DS9.
The Situation Log will now list anomalies so you don’t have to panic and drop everything when you find one because you know you won’t remember to come back to it ever if you don’t investigate it right when you find it.
It is no longer possible to take a species off of chemical bliss cold turkey and make all of their horrible withdrawal symptoms go away by offering them pamphlets about officer training school.
Enlightened primitives should no longer go, “Oh, you know what? You’re not the first spacefarers we’ve met. There was also that one time when we encountered- [proceeds to list every single empire in the entire galaxy.]”
The biggest announcement of the month was the new kind of decentralized exchange proposed by @jy-p of Company 0. The Community Discussions section considers the stakeholders' response. dcrd: Peer management and connectivity improvements. Some work for improved sighash algo. A new optimization that gives 3-4x faster serving of headers, which is great for SPV. This was another step towards multipeer parallel downloads – check this issue for a clear overview of progress and planned work for next months (and some engineering delight). As usual, codebase cleanup, improvements to error handling, test infrastructure and test coverage. Decrediton: work towards watching only wallets, lots of bugfixes and visual design improvements. Preliminary work to integrate SPV has begun. Politeia is live on testnet! Useful links: announcement, introduction, command line voting example, example proposal with some votes, mini-guide how to compose a proposal. Trezor: Decred appeared in the firmware update and on Trezor website, currently for testnet only. Next steps are mainnet support and integration in wallets. For the progress of Decrediton support you can track this meta issue. dcrdata: Continued work on Insight API support, see this meta issue for progress overview. It is important for integrations due to its popularity. Ongoing work to add charts. A big database change to improve sorting on the Address page was merged and bumped version to 3.0. Work to visualize agenda voting continues. Ticket splitting: 11-way ticket split from last month has voted (transaction). Ethereum support in atomicswap is progressing and welcomes more eyeballs. decred.org: revamped Press page with dozens of added articles, and a shiny new Roadmap page. decredinfo.com: a new Decred dashboard by lte13. Reddit announcement here. Dev activity stats for June: 245 active PRs, 184 master commits, 25,973 added and 13,575 deleted lines spread across 8 repositories. Contributions came from 2 to 10 developers per repository. (chart)
Hashrate: growth continues, the month started at 15 and ended at 44 PH/s with some wild 30% swings on the way. The peak was 53.9 PH/s. F2Pool was the leader varying between 36% and 59% hashrate, followed by coinmine.pl holding between 18% and 29%. In response to concerns about its hashrate share, F2Pool made a statement that they will consider measures like rising the fees to prevent growing to 51%. Staking: 30-day average ticket price is 94.7 DCR (+3.4). The price was steadily rising from 90.7 to 95.8 peaking at 98.1. Locked DCR grew from 3.68 to 3.81 million DCR, the highest value was 3.83 million corresponding to 47.87% of supply (+0.7% from previous peak). Nodes: there are 240 public listening and 115 normal nodes per dcred.eu. Version distribution: 57% on v1.2.0 (+12%), 25% on v1.1.2 (-13%), 14% on v1.1.0 (-1%). Note: the reported count of non-listening nodes has dropped significantly due to data reset at decred.eu. It will take some time before the crawler collects more data. On top of that, there is no way to exactly count non-listening nodes. To illustrate, an alternative data source, charts.dcr.farm showed 690 reachable nodes on Jul 1. Extraordinary event: 247361 and 247362 were two nearly full blocks. Normally blocks are 10-20 KiB, but these blocks were 374 KiB (max is 384 KiB).
Update from Obelisk: shipping is expected in first half of July and there is non-zero chance to meet hashrate target. Another Chinese ASIC spotted on the web: Flying Fish D18 with 340 GH/s at 180 W costing 2,200 CNY (~340 USD). (asicok.com – translated, also on asicminervalue) dcrASIC team posted a farewell letter. Despite having an awesome 16 nm chip design, they decided to stop the project citing the saturated mining ecosystem and low profitability for their potential customers.
Changenow announced the option to buy DCR with fiat.
TokenPride: "We are seeking feedback on the general setup of our payment processor. We have tried to make it simple and user friendly. 10% of all purchases made in Decred will be donated to the Decred Development fund - and we will be releasing original Decred designs in the future".
BlueYard Capital announced investment in Decred and the intent to be long term supporters and to actively participate in the network's governance. In an overview post they stressed core values of the project:
There are a few other remarkable characteristics that are a testament to the DNA of the team behind Decred: there was no sale of DCR to investors, no venture funding, and no payment to exchanges to be listed – underscoring that the Decred team and contributors are all about doing the right thing for long term (as manifested in their constitution for the project). The most encouraging thing we can see is both the quality and quantity of high calibre developers flocking to the project, in addition to a vibrant community attaching their identity to the project.
The company will be hosting an event in Berlin, see Events below. Arbitrade is now mining Decred.
Campus Party in Brasilia, Brazil. @girino, @Rhama and @matheusd talked about Decred. Matheus was interviewed by a TV channel. Check this quick report about the event, click "Show newer" to continue reading. (photos: 123)
Blockchain Summit in London, UK. This was not a full blown presence with stand but rather investigation of opportunities by @kyle and @Ani. The resulting detailed report is a good example of a document advising to stakeholders whether it is worth spending project funds.
Meetup in Berlin, Germany on July 18. @jz will give a talk and Q&A about Decred and chat with Ele from @oscoin about incentivizing developers. Hosted by BlueYard Capital.
Hey guys! I'd like to share with you my latest adventure: Stakey Club, hosted at stakey.club, is a website dedicated to Decred. I posted a few articles in Brazilian Portuguese and in English. I also translated to Portuguese some posts from the Decred Blog. I hope you like it! (slack)
Decred Assembly - Ep20 - Governance: Driving the Future (youtube) @cburniske and @traceagain discuss the importance of governance protocols being foundational and problems with delegated proof of stake
"I think that developers in the future are going to base their decision on where to build on the basis of governance and community. And so I look for good governance mechanisms and strong communities in blockchains." (@decredproject)
What is on-chain cryptocurrency governance? Is it plutocratic? by Richard Red (medium)
Apples to apples, Decred is 20x more expensive to attack than Bitcoin by Zubair Zia (medium)
What makes Decred different and better from other cryptocurrencies? (cxihub.com)
Community stats: Twitter followers 40,209 (+1,091), Reddit subscribers 8,410 (+243), Slack users 5,830 (+172), GitHub 392 stars and 918 forks of dcrd repository. An update on our communication systems:
Matrix chat logs are nowviewable on the web with the exception of some channels that are not bridged. The new web logs means our chats are now fully public and indexed by search engines.
Slack had an outage on Jun 27 that disturbed communications for a few hours, discussions continued on Decred's bridged platforms.
Jake Yocom-Piatt did an AMA on CryptoTechnology, a forum for serious crypto tech discussion. Some topics covered were Decred attack cost and resistance, voting policies, smart contracts, SPV security, DAO and DPoS. A new kind of DEX was the subject of an extensive discussion in #general, #random, #trading channels as well as Reddit. New channel #thedex was created and attracted more than 100 people. A frequent and fair question is how the DEX would benefit Decred. @lukebp has put it well:
Projects like these help Decred attract talent. Typically, the people that are the best at what they do aren’t driven solely by money. They want to work on interesting projects that they believe in with other talented individuals. Launching a DEX that has no trading fees, no requirement to buy a 3rd party token (including Decred), and that cuts out all middlemen is a clear demonstration of the ethos that Decred was founded on. It helps us get our name out there and attract the type of people that believe in the same mission that we do. (slack)
Another concern that it will slow down other projects was addressed by @davecgh:
The intent is for an external team to take up the mantle and build it, so it won't have any bearing on the current c0 roadmap. The important thing to keep in mind is that the goal of Decred is to have a bunch of independent teams on working on different things. (slack)
A chat about Decred fork resistance started on Twitter and continued in #trading. Community members continue to discuss the finer points of Decred's hybrid system, bringing new users up to speed and answering their questions. The key takeaway from this chat is that the Decred chain is impossible to advance without votes, and to get around that the forker needs to change the protocol in a way that would make it clearly not Decred. "Against community governance" article was discussed on Reddit and #governance. "The Downside of Democracy (and What it Means for Blockchain Governance)" was another article arguing against on-chain governance, discussed here. Reddit recap: mining rig shops discussion; how centralized is Politeia; controversial debate on photos of models that yielded useful discussion on our marketing approach; analysis of a drop in number of transactions; concerns regarding project bus factor, removing central authorities, advertising and full node count – received detailed responses; an argument by insette for maximizing aggregate tx fees; coordinating network upgrades; a new "Why Decred?" thread; a question about quantum resistance with a detailed answer and a recap of current status of quantum resistant algorithms. Chats recap: Programmatic Proof-of-Work (ProgPoW) discussion; possible hashrate of Blake-256 miners is at least ~30% higher than SHA-256d; how Decred is not vulnerable to SPV leaf/node attack.
DCR opened the month at ~$93, reached monthly high of $110, gradually dropped to the low of $58 and closed at $67. In BTC terms it was 0.0125 -> 0.0150 -> 0.0098 -> 0.0105. The downturn coincided with a global decline across the whole crypto market. In the middle of the month Decred was noticed to be #1 in onchainfx "% down from ATH" chart and on this chart by @CoinzTrader. Towards the end of the month it dropped to #3.
Please note: we will not accept any kind of payment to list an asset.
Bithumb got hacked with a $30 m loss. Zcash organized Zcon0, an event in Canada that focused on privacy tech and governance. An interesting insight from Keynote Panel on governance: "There is no such thing as on-chain governance". Microsoft acquired GitHub. There was some debate about whether it is a reason to look into alternative solutions like GitLab right now. It is always a good idea to have a local copy of Decred source code, just in case. Status update from @sumiflow on correcting DCR supply on various sites:
To begin with, none of the below sites were showing the correct supply or market cap for Decred but we've made some progress. coingecko.com, coinlib.io, cryptocompare.com, livecoinwatch.com, worldcoinindex.com - corrected! cryptoindex.co, onchainfx.com - awaiting fix coinmarketcap.com - refused to fix because devs have coins too? (slack)
About This Issue
This is the third issue of Decred Journal after April and May. Most information from third parties is relayed directly from source after a minimal sanity check. The authors of Decred Journal have no ability to verify all claims. Please beware of scams and do your own research. The new public Matrix logs look promising and we hope to transition from Slack links to Matrix links. In the meantime, the way to read Slack links is explained in the previous issue. As usual, any feedback is appreciated: please comment on Reddit, GitHub or #writers_room. Contributions are welcome too, anything from initial collection to final review to translations. Credits (Slack names, alphabetical order): bee and Richard-Red. Special thanks to @Haon for bringing May 2018 issue to medium.
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